Respiratory at Wayamba University Of Sri Lanka | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Respiratory an der Wayamba University of Sri Lanka

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What's are the most common carcinomas associated with smoking?
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small cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
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What are the components of cigarette?
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Butane 
Toluene
NH3
Methanol
CO
Arsenic
Cadmium

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What arethe morphological Classification of lung carcinoma according to WHO?
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1. Adenocarcinoma
2. Squamous cell carcinoma
3. Neuroendocrine carcinoma (including small cell carcinoma, large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma)
4. Large cell carcinoma
5. Other
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the etiological factors that affect carcinoma?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Tobacco smoking
Genetic factors
Dietary factors
Pre-existing lung disease (Interstitial Fibrosis) 
Biomass & Wood smoke exposure
Environmental Air pollution
Occupational carcinogens (As, Asbestos, Beryllium, Chromium, Ni, Radon, Si)



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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What's a pack year?
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(number of cigarettes  per day X number of years smoking) /20
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A) What is sinusitis?
B) What are the types of sinusitis?
C) What is the pathophysiology
D) What are the clinical features?
E) Sinusitis causing organisms
F) What are the complications of sinusitis?
G) Diagnostic methods
H) How to manage sinusitis?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A) Infection in paranasal sinus

B) Acute <4 weeks
Sub acute 4-12 weeks
Chronic >12 weeks

C) Obstruction of sinus drainage pathways. Cilliary impairment. AIterations of mucos secretion.

D) fever
Tenderness of forehand & over the cheek
Redness of checks, eye lids & nose
loss of smell
Ear fullness
Nasal block

E) Streptococcus pneumonia
Streptococcus pyogenes
Staphylococcus aureus
Haemophilus influenza 
Morazella catarrhalis
Pseudomonas aureaginosa

F) Mucocele - Mucous containing cystic lesions in the minor salivary gland
Orbital- cellulitis, abscess 
Intracranial - Meningitis, brain abscess, emplyema, dural sinus thrombosis

G) Clinical, X Ray, CT, MRI, Endoscopy

H) Antibiotics
Analgesics
Mucolytic - manage mucus hypersecretion
Drainage








Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • How do you manage flu?
  • What are the tests for Flu?.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Anti viral
Rest
Exercise
Personal hygiene 
Eat healthy 

  • PCR
Rapid antigen
viral culture
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What we can see in a ARDS patient's X-Ray?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Bilateral, diffuse, increased opacity & no cardiomegaly
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are Upper respiratory tract infections?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Rhinitis 
  • Epiglotitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Pharyngitis 
  • Tonsilitis
  • Laryngitis

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the infective agents of common cold? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Viral infection
  • Influenza virus
  • Rhino virus
  • Corona virus
  • Adeno virus
  • Parainfluenza virus
  • RSV
  • Enterovirus
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A) What's rhinosinusitis? 

B) What are the sinuses that can be infected?

C) What are the developmental ages of these sinuses?

D) Symptoms

E) Medications
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A) infection in paranasal sinuses

B) Ethmoid, sphenoid, maxillary, frontal

C) Maxillary -3-5 years
frontaI -5 years 

D) cough, bad breath, low energy, swelling around the eyes, Yellow-green thick nasal drip, fever

E ) Antibiotics,  
nasal decongestions
antihistamines- decrease secretions in paranasal sinuses 

Prolong inflammation instead of  sinuses around 12 weeks causes Chronic sinusitis.  Same medications. .




Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is an ARDS?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
• A form of diffuse inflammatory alveolar injury.
• Due to the damage of the alveoli and pulmonary capillaries.
• From a range of local or systemic insults.
• Causing a hypoxaemic respiratory failure associated with noncardiogenic pulmonary oedema.
• Final common pathway of severe lung damage.
• Asso. with multiple organ dysfunction and carries a high mortality.
Lösung ausblenden
  • 182 Karteikarten
  • 3 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Respiratory Kurs an der Wayamba University of Sri Lanka - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What's are the most common carcinomas associated with smoking?
A:
small cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
Q:
What are the components of cigarette?
A:
Butane 
Toluene
NH3
Methanol
CO
Arsenic
Cadmium

Q:
What arethe morphological Classification of lung carcinoma according to WHO?
A:
1. Adenocarcinoma
2. Squamous cell carcinoma
3. Neuroendocrine carcinoma (including small cell carcinoma, large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma)
4. Large cell carcinoma
5. Other
Q:
What are the etiological factors that affect carcinoma?
A:
Tobacco smoking
Genetic factors
Dietary factors
Pre-existing lung disease (Interstitial Fibrosis) 
Biomass & Wood smoke exposure
Environmental Air pollution
Occupational carcinogens (As, Asbestos, Beryllium, Chromium, Ni, Radon, Si)



Q:
What's a pack year?
A:
(number of cigarettes  per day X number of years smoking) /20
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
A) What is sinusitis?
B) What are the types of sinusitis?
C) What is the pathophysiology
D) What are the clinical features?
E) Sinusitis causing organisms
F) What are the complications of sinusitis?
G) Diagnostic methods
H) How to manage sinusitis?

A:
A) Infection in paranasal sinus

B) Acute <4 weeks
Sub acute 4-12 weeks
Chronic >12 weeks

C) Obstruction of sinus drainage pathways. Cilliary impairment. AIterations of mucos secretion.

D) fever
Tenderness of forehand & over the cheek
Redness of checks, eye lids & nose
loss of smell
Ear fullness
Nasal block

E) Streptococcus pneumonia
Streptococcus pyogenes
Staphylococcus aureus
Haemophilus influenza 
Morazella catarrhalis
Pseudomonas aureaginosa

F) Mucocele - Mucous containing cystic lesions in the minor salivary gland
Orbital- cellulitis, abscess 
Intracranial - Meningitis, brain abscess, emplyema, dural sinus thrombosis

G) Clinical, X Ray, CT, MRI, Endoscopy

H) Antibiotics
Analgesics
Mucolytic - manage mucus hypersecretion
Drainage








Q:
  • How do you manage flu?
  • What are the tests for Flu?.
A:
  • Anti viral
Rest
Exercise
Personal hygiene 
Eat healthy 

  • PCR
Rapid antigen
viral culture
Q:
What we can see in a ARDS patient's X-Ray?
A:
Bilateral, diffuse, increased opacity & no cardiomegaly
Q:
What are Upper respiratory tract infections?
A:
  • Rhinitis 
  • Epiglotitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Pharyngitis 
  • Tonsilitis
  • Laryngitis

Q:
What are the infective agents of common cold? 
A:
Viral infection
  • Influenza virus
  • Rhino virus
  • Corona virus
  • Adeno virus
  • Parainfluenza virus
  • RSV
  • Enterovirus
Q:
A) What's rhinosinusitis? 

B) What are the sinuses that can be infected?

C) What are the developmental ages of these sinuses?

D) Symptoms

E) Medications
A:
A) infection in paranasal sinuses

B) Ethmoid, sphenoid, maxillary, frontal

C) Maxillary -3-5 years
frontaI -5 years 

D) cough, bad breath, low energy, swelling around the eyes, Yellow-green thick nasal drip, fever

E ) Antibiotics,  
nasal decongestions
antihistamines- decrease secretions in paranasal sinuses 

Prolong inflammation instead of  sinuses around 12 weeks causes Chronic sinusitis.  Same medications. .




Q:
What is an ARDS?
A:
• A form of diffuse inflammatory alveolar injury.
• Due to the damage of the alveoli and pulmonary capillaries.
• From a range of local or systemic insults.
• Causing a hypoxaemic respiratory failure associated with noncardiogenic pulmonary oedema.
• Final common pathway of severe lung damage.
• Asso. with multiple organ dysfunction and carries a high mortality.
Respiratory

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