Biochemistry at Walter Sisulu Universität | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für biochemistry an der Walter Sisulu Universität

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the molecular structure of water?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The molecular structure of water consists of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the functions of water in the human body?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • It lubricates the joints
  •  moistens the mouth, nose and eyes
  • It protects the organs
  • It prevents constipation.
  • It helps dissolve minerals and other nutrients
  • It helps the liver  and kidney flush out waste products
  • It helps transport minerals and nutrients to the cells
  • It regulates temperature

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the two water imbalances?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Dehydration ( lack water in the body)
  • Overhydration
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Does dehydration have two kinds? If so what are they?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Yes. They are primary and secondary dehydration respectively.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Explain the difference between primary and secondary dehydration.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
In primary dehydration, there is loss f water only. The volume or concentration of electrolyte is not affected in any way. Where as, in secondary dehydration we have loss of the electrolyte only, and not water
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the three levels of dehydration and their symptoms?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Mild dehydration- thirst
  • Moderately severe dehydration- thirst, dry mouth and oliguria
  • Severe dehydration- thirst s dry mouth, Algeria, compromised mental state
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the hormone responsible for control long levels of water in the body?
What happens when the body stops producing or releasing this hormone?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
ADH(Anti Diuretic Hormone)
The hormone makes  re absorption of fluid from the renal tubules possible. Therefore i this hormone is no longe there's the body will lose alot of water. A person would end up with diabetes insipidus

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Is it possible for both types ofdehydration to occur simultaneously? If so, what would be the worst case scenario for the patient?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
It is. Death
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What type of a solvent is water considered to be?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A universal solvent
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What makes water such an excellent solvent?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Water is an excellent solvent because of its high dielectric constant.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the bonds in the water molecule?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The atoms are bonded covalently
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is water?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A clear inorganic tasteless and orderless chemical substance that is very vital to all living organisms
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  • 1768 Karteikarten
  • 663 Studierende
  • 8 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen biochemistry Kurs an der Walter Sisulu Universität - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What is the molecular structure of water?
A:
The molecular structure of water consists of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.
Q:
What are the functions of water in the human body?
A:
  • It lubricates the joints
  •  moistens the mouth, nose and eyes
  • It protects the organs
  • It prevents constipation.
  • It helps dissolve minerals and other nutrients
  • It helps the liver  and kidney flush out waste products
  • It helps transport minerals and nutrients to the cells
  • It regulates temperature

Q:
What are the two water imbalances?
A:
  • Dehydration ( lack water in the body)
  • Overhydration
Q:
Does dehydration have two kinds? If so what are they?
A:
Yes. They are primary and secondary dehydration respectively.
Q:
Explain the difference between primary and secondary dehydration.
A:
In primary dehydration, there is loss f water only. The volume or concentration of electrolyte is not affected in any way. Where as, in secondary dehydration we have loss of the electrolyte only, and not water
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What are the three levels of dehydration and their symptoms?
A:
  • Mild dehydration- thirst
  • Moderately severe dehydration- thirst, dry mouth and oliguria
  • Severe dehydration- thirst s dry mouth, Algeria, compromised mental state
Q:
What is the hormone responsible for control long levels of water in the body?
What happens when the body stops producing or releasing this hormone?
A:
ADH(Anti Diuretic Hormone)
The hormone makes  re absorption of fluid from the renal tubules possible. Therefore i this hormone is no longe there's the body will lose alot of water. A person would end up with diabetes insipidus

Q:
Is it possible for both types ofdehydration to occur simultaneously? If so, what would be the worst case scenario for the patient?
A:
It is. Death
Q:
What type of a solvent is water considered to be?
A:
A universal solvent
Q:
What makes water such an excellent solvent?
A:
Water is an excellent solvent because of its high dielectric constant.
Q:
What are the bonds in the water molecule?
A:
The atoms are bonded covalently
Q:
What is water?
A:
A clear inorganic tasteless and orderless chemical substance that is very vital to all living organisms
biochemistry

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