Psychopathology at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Psychopathology an der Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Psychopathology Kurs an der Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam zu.

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Describe in your own words what the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) is?

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Summarizes the main factors that prevent us from living long, healthy lives 

- projects trends into the future 

- guides policy decision and helps priority setting

(quantifying = messen, beziffern)


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explain the diathesis - stress model as a stress model

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-> individuals with a certain predisposition (genetics, early life adversities) might respond to negative environmental influences in a more negative way

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What is meant by socio-psychological embedding in prevention (depression)?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Develop mental health values and behaviours into widely accepted social norms (e.g., reduce stigma) - would be universally

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

computergame Tetris in real-life trauma

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Was tested with emergency room patients or females exposed to emergency C-section 

Results: 

1-week: significant reduction for intrusion 

PTSD: no effect PTSD symptoms at one month

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Biological risk factors for development of SUD

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- alterations in the motivaitonal/dopamine system

- impairments in brain-stress system

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Describe homeostasis and explain whether it is important?

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​Homeostasis describes the body in balance (can get out of balance for example in danger) but always wants to return to its balance (it is important)

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​What is OCD?

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- highly heterogenous 

- ego-dystonic (there obessions for example are not in line with who they are - which can make it so frightening) 

- Chronic course (esp. if left untreated) (may be better at times, and get worse again) 

- high comorbidity (anxiety)

- highly debilitating (Kräftezehrend)

- one must recognize (at one point) that compulsions/ obsessions are unreasonable and excessive

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How can depression affect us?

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- influences how information is processed

- affects areas of thoughts, emotions, behaviour, physiology 

- high burden (recurrent episodes, massive impact on life and well-being)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Some example for vulnerabilities in the diathesis-stess model

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- Biological factors (Genetics, disordered biochemistry, chronic stress) 

- Social factors (Maladaptive upbringing, chronic stress) 

- Psychological factors (Unconscious conflcits, poor coping skills, maladaptive cognitions)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are some barriers to exercise?

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- Lack of motivation 

- low mood 

- fatigue 

- lack of (professional) support

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Can you describe the method they used to test whether people with OCD checked more (esp. in responds to uncertainty?)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-> Visual search task 

(screen with squares, 50% closed = target) 

Target present: certain situation 

Target absent: uncertain situation 


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

explain the diathesis - stress model as a stress model

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-> individuals with a certain predisposition (genetics, early life adversities) might respond to negative environmental influences in a more negative way

Lösung ausblenden
  • 14391 Karteikarten
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  • 4 Lernmaterialien

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Q:

Describe in your own words what the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) is?

A:

Summarizes the main factors that prevent us from living long, healthy lives 

- projects trends into the future 

- guides policy decision and helps priority setting

(quantifying = messen, beziffern)


Q:

explain the diathesis - stress model as a stress model

A:

-> individuals with a certain predisposition (genetics, early life adversities) might respond to negative environmental influences in a more negative way

Q:

What is meant by socio-psychological embedding in prevention (depression)?

A:

Develop mental health values and behaviours into widely accepted social norms (e.g., reduce stigma) - would be universally

Q:

computergame Tetris in real-life trauma

A:

Was tested with emergency room patients or females exposed to emergency C-section 

Results: 

1-week: significant reduction for intrusion 

PTSD: no effect PTSD symptoms at one month

Q:

Biological risk factors for development of SUD

A:

- alterations in the motivaitonal/dopamine system

- impairments in brain-stress system

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Describe homeostasis and explain whether it is important?

A:

​Homeostasis describes the body in balance (can get out of balance for example in danger) but always wants to return to its balance (it is important)

Q:

​What is OCD?

A:

- highly heterogenous 

- ego-dystonic (there obessions for example are not in line with who they are - which can make it so frightening) 

- Chronic course (esp. if left untreated) (may be better at times, and get worse again) 

- high comorbidity (anxiety)

- highly debilitating (Kräftezehrend)

- one must recognize (at one point) that compulsions/ obsessions are unreasonable and excessive

Q:

How can depression affect us?

A:

- influences how information is processed

- affects areas of thoughts, emotions, behaviour, physiology 

- high burden (recurrent episodes, massive impact on life and well-being)

Q:

Some example for vulnerabilities in the diathesis-stess model

A:

- Biological factors (Genetics, disordered biochemistry, chronic stress) 

- Social factors (Maladaptive upbringing, chronic stress) 

- Psychological factors (Unconscious conflcits, poor coping skills, maladaptive cognitions)

Q:

What are some barriers to exercise?

A:

- Lack of motivation 

- low mood 

- fatigue 

- lack of (professional) support

Q:

Can you describe the method they used to test whether people with OCD checked more (esp. in responds to uncertainty?)

A:

-> Visual search task 

(screen with squares, 50% closed = target) 

Target present: certain situation 

Target absent: uncertain situation 


Q:

explain the diathesis - stress model as a stress model

A:

-> individuals with a certain predisposition (genetics, early life adversities) might respond to negative environmental influences in a more negative way

Psychopathology

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