Language Skills and Culture (Lecture) at University of Zurich

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Language Skills and Culture (Lecture) at the University of Zurich

Exemplary flashcards for Language Skills and Culture (Lecture) at the University of Zurich on StudySmarter:

When and why there was the crisis of Birtish identty?

Exemplary flashcards for Language Skills and Culture (Lecture) at the University of Zurich on StudySmarter:

How was Britishness in political discourse: 1990s?

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Elaborate the civic republicanism approach.

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Exemplary flashcards for Language Skills and Culture (Lecture) at the University of Zurich on StudySmarter:

What means civil disobedience?

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Describe Equality.

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Give the acts of union.

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Which areas belong to cultular studies?

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What are the key points in the political Union with Scotland 1707?

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What is culture?

Exemplary flashcards for Language Skills and Culture (Lecture) at the University of Zurich on StudySmarter:

Who has culture?

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What is a nation? Give some definitons.

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Exemplary flashcards for Language Skills and Culture (Lecture) at the University of Zurich on StudySmarter:

What are the foundations of the creation of British identity in the C18?

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Exemplary flashcards for Language Skills and Culture (Lecture) at the University of Zurich on StudySmarter:

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

When and why there was the crisis of Birtish identty?

• Loss of a common enemy (France / Germany) post WW2


• Loss of British Empire (decolonisation post WW2)


• Decline in Britain’s role as a world power (at latest Suez Crisis 1956
(q.v.))


• Devolution in Scotland, Wales and N. Ireland (1998/1999)


• Integration into European and international bodies – a loss of British
sovereignty (e.g. EEC 1973)


• Declining importance of British identity?

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

How was Britishness in political discourse: 1990s?

• Reform of the Labour Party into
New Labour


• “Cool Britannia” attempted to
rebrand Britain as a ‘cool’ and
creative country

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

Elaborate the civic republicanism approach.

• It is active and participatory with emphasis on
political and social life


• “This means that for a person to be considered American, they must see the community as an integral part of their identity, and serve the public
good” (Byrne).


• It emphasizes:
responsibility and obligation (to the
community and to promoting the public
good, and obeying the law of the land)


being informed, volunteering and voting

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

What means civil disobedience?

• By June 2020, 6% adults had attended a protest etc in the last month (c.15 million adults)


• +20% of Americans have protested in the street or participated in a political rally since the start of 2016.


• 1 in 5 had never attended an event before 


(Washington Post and the Kaiser
Family Foundation 2018)

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

Describe Equality.

• Declaration of Independence: “We hold thesetruths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal”


• Discourse of equality inspired the War of Independence (1776), the abolition of slavery (1865), the women’s suffrage movement (1920), the Civil Rights movement (1950–60s), the LGBTQ rights movement (1960-present), legalization of same-sex marriage (2015)


• Sets the tone for daily life: e.g. the way
Americans address each other (shunning titles and honorifics), their belief in “classlessness,” the claim “we are the 99%”

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

Give the acts of union.

• Union with Scotland Act 1706, Union
with England Act 1707


• Proclaimed “one united kingdom by
the name of Great Britain” (cf. Colley
2003: 11)


• One Protestant ruler, one legislature
and one system of free trade


• A “rational solution to very dangerous
economic and political problems”
(Calder cited in McCrone 1992: 22)

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

Which areas belong to cultular studies?

Gender studies

literary studies

history

media studies

sociology

ethnography

philosophy

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

What are the key points in the political Union with Scotland 1707?

• For the Scots mainly for
economic reasons


• For the English for
political and military
ones


• A “civil society”
persisted in Scotland
(McCrone 1992: 3)


• Britishness ‘sat lightly’
on other identities
(Colley 1992, McCrone
1992)

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

What is culture?

The system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviours, and artefacts that the members of society use to cope with their world and with one another, and that are transmitted from generation to generation through learning.”
Bates (1996: 7)

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

Who has culture?

“humans plus a handful of
species of birds, one or two
whales, and two species of
fish”.
(Laland & Hoppitt 2003: 151)

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

What is a nation? Give some definitons.

• An “imagined political community” (Anderson 1983: 15)


• It is imagined as a ‘communion’ of people (whom one has
never met)


• It implies sovereignty and self-determination of its members


• The community is viewed as a form of comradeship
(Anderson 1983: 15-16)

Language Skills and Culture (Lecture)

What are the foundations of the creation of British identity in the C18?

1.Political union
2.Military considerations
3.Anti-Catholicism

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