Sociology Of Health at University Of The Western Cape | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Sociology of Health an der University of the Western Cape

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What is epidemiological transmission?
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A health situation where there is a subtle growth in the rising prevalence of non-communicable (chronic) diseases,
while there is already an existing prevalence in communicable (infectious) diseases.
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The subtle growth in the rising prevalence of chronic diseases as a result of?
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1. Demographic changes
2. Lifestyle changes
3. Behavioural changes
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What is the double burden.
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The double burden is a coexistence of communicable and non-communicable diseases
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The double burden in Africa
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Africa,
Known reputation for communicable disease,
is now facing an increase in chronic diseases characterized as western diseases
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What does Khalil (2004) have to say about western diseases
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HIV/AIDS, TB and shistosoma are diseases that are caused by development and modernization and early industrialization.
However chronic diseases are motivated by modern capitalism, of which is dominating the modern mortality rank.
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The epidemiological transition focuses on?
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1. The changes in the patterns of health and diseases.
2. The interaction between these patterns
And ultimately, the demographic, economic and social determinants and consequences.
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Name the first three stages of epidemiological transition.
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1. The age of pestilence and femine
2. The age of receding pandemics
3. The age of degenerative and man-made diseases.
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Describe the age of pestilence and femine.
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A demographic regime of high, fluctuating birth and death rates.
This reflects old world epidemics and challenges.
High death rates keeps the population growth to a minimum
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Describe the age of receding pandemics.
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Less-frequent epidemics.
The impact of infectious diseases on death rates declines
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Describe the age of degenerative and man-made diseases.
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Largely driven by social factors, such as lifestyle, diet, occupation and income.
As infectious diseases decline and retreat their place would be taken by a series of chronic diseases.
the degenerative diseases are associated with an aging population, whose mortality rates are associated with cardiovascular diseases, strokes and cancers.
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What is the two additional stages of epidemiological transition?
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The age of delayed degenerative diseases
& the age of the emergent and re-emergence of infectious diseases.

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What is the over all top 5 mortality rates in South Africa
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1. HIV/Aids
2. Cerebrovascular diseases
3. Interpersonal violence
4. TB
5. Ischemic heart diseases
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  • 5235 Karteikarten
  • 608 Studierende
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Sociology of Health Kurs an der University of the Western Cape - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What is epidemiological transmission?
A:
A health situation where there is a subtle growth in the rising prevalence of non-communicable (chronic) diseases,
while there is already an existing prevalence in communicable (infectious) diseases.
Q:
The subtle growth in the rising prevalence of chronic diseases as a result of?
A:
1. Demographic changes
2. Lifestyle changes
3. Behavioural changes
Q:
What is the double burden.
A:
The double burden is a coexistence of communicable and non-communicable diseases
Q:
The double burden in Africa
A:
Africa,
Known reputation for communicable disease,
is now facing an increase in chronic diseases characterized as western diseases
Q:
What does Khalil (2004) have to say about western diseases
A:
HIV/AIDS, TB and shistosoma are diseases that are caused by development and modernization and early industrialization.
However chronic diseases are motivated by modern capitalism, of which is dominating the modern mortality rank.
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
The epidemiological transition focuses on?
A:
1. The changes in the patterns of health and diseases.
2. The interaction between these patterns
And ultimately, the demographic, economic and social determinants and consequences.
Q:
Name the first three stages of epidemiological transition.
A:
1. The age of pestilence and femine
2. The age of receding pandemics
3. The age of degenerative and man-made diseases.
Q:
Describe the age of pestilence and femine.
A:
A demographic regime of high, fluctuating birth and death rates.
This reflects old world epidemics and challenges.
High death rates keeps the population growth to a minimum
Q:
Describe the age of receding pandemics.
A:
Less-frequent epidemics.
The impact of infectious diseases on death rates declines
Q:
Describe the age of degenerative and man-made diseases.
A:
Largely driven by social factors, such as lifestyle, diet, occupation and income.
As infectious diseases decline and retreat their place would be taken by a series of chronic diseases.
the degenerative diseases are associated with an aging population, whose mortality rates are associated with cardiovascular diseases, strokes and cancers.
Q:
What is the two additional stages of epidemiological transition?
A:
The age of delayed degenerative diseases
& the age of the emergent and re-emergence of infectious diseases.

Q:
What is the over all top 5 mortality rates in South Africa
A:
1. HIV/Aids
2. Cerebrovascular diseases
3. Interpersonal violence
4. TB
5. Ischemic heart diseases
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