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Lernmaterialien für Overview of History of Science and Technology in Culture an der University of the Philippines Manila

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Overview of History of Science and Technology in Culture Kurs an der University of the Philippines Manila zu.

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The base is generally dominant

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True

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Artisans, craftsmen were the early engineers

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True

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The formalization of the sciences can be argued to have  
greatly impacted the generation of larger bodies of knowledge culminating in the Renaissance

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False

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Rene Descartes formalized deductive reasoning in his Discourse on MethodsFrancis Bacon on the other hand, emphasized the need of rigorous data collection to prove or disprove a proposition.

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True

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The institutionalization of science would not have been formalized without the works of 

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Rene Descartes and Francis Bacon

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What are the four idols?

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Tribe, cave, marketplace, theater

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From Bronze Age and Iron Age Cities and Empires,

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  • Advances in agriculture led to social stratification and the emergence of classes whose main task is in the administration of people.
    • need to control our food supply
    • maintain order in the society
    • protect the population from calamities and catastrophes
  • New ways of controlling the population (eg politics, emerging forms of government) through the development of tools
    • slavery system: iron age empires
    • creation of laws that resulted in the establishment of soldiers, warriors, administrators, scribes, and politicians
  • The emergence of an elite class in our early societies can also be linked to the establishment of some social order to maintain existing modes of production.
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Who is associated with technological determinism?

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philosopher Thomas Veiblen

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The role of an individual to their society is related to their standing and class with respect to their societies.

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True

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From stone age to early bronze age to dawn of agriculture, 

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  • Food distribution may be central to the creation of new social structure
    • skilled hunters would be more likely to be assigned to the distribution of food
    • Hunters take on leadership roles in the early society
  • New food preservation techniques may have further reinforced the idea of ownership of food and the ability of controlling its distribution
    • The need of less people in food production may have resulted in the need to create new roles in our past societies
    • gave rise to early city states and larger empire which create new roles and creation of newer social  structures to regulate the increasing population
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The main idea behind technological determinism is that

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Advances in technology is the driver of change in social values and norms in society

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From The Middle Ages in Europe and Renaissance,

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  • The Fall of Rome led to the fall of the elite and wealthy class dependent on the slave labor in the Roman Empire.
    • resulted in the fall of the administrative structure in a large part of the Europe
  • Feudalism emerged within this period and the rise of the Catholic Church in Europe was seen
    • The focus is on technological development for practical purposes:
      • better windmills, watermills vs. advances in mathematics, chemistry, and physics
  • Developments in abstract thought and sciences were seen more in the Islamic and Chinese empires in this period.
  • Advances in shipbuilding in the late Middle Ages plus better trade administration (eg emergence of new trade concepts such as bonds, securities, stocks) gave rise to the Italian city states(eg Florence, Rome, Pisa, Genoa, etc.).
    • Concentration of wealth in these city-states
    • Renaissance Men: further development in arts, sciences, and technology during this period
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  • 7687 Karteikarten
  • 341 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Overview of History of Science and Technology in Culture Kurs an der University of the Philippines Manila - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

The base is generally dominant

A:

True

Q:

Artisans, craftsmen were the early engineers

A:

True

Q:

The formalization of the sciences can be argued to have  
greatly impacted the generation of larger bodies of knowledge culminating in the Renaissance

A:

False

Q:

Rene Descartes formalized deductive reasoning in his Discourse on MethodsFrancis Bacon on the other hand, emphasized the need of rigorous data collection to prove or disprove a proposition.

A:

True

Q:

The institutionalization of science would not have been formalized without the works of 

A:

Rene Descartes and Francis Bacon

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What are the four idols?

A:

Tribe, cave, marketplace, theater

Q:

From Bronze Age and Iron Age Cities and Empires,

A:
  • Advances in agriculture led to social stratification and the emergence of classes whose main task is in the administration of people.
    • need to control our food supply
    • maintain order in the society
    • protect the population from calamities and catastrophes
  • New ways of controlling the population (eg politics, emerging forms of government) through the development of tools
    • slavery system: iron age empires
    • creation of laws that resulted in the establishment of soldiers, warriors, administrators, scribes, and politicians
  • The emergence of an elite class in our early societies can also be linked to the establishment of some social order to maintain existing modes of production.
Q:

Who is associated with technological determinism?

A:

philosopher Thomas Veiblen

Q:

The role of an individual to their society is related to their standing and class with respect to their societies.

A:

True

Q:

From stone age to early bronze age to dawn of agriculture, 

A:
  • Food distribution may be central to the creation of new social structure
    • skilled hunters would be more likely to be assigned to the distribution of food
    • Hunters take on leadership roles in the early society
  • New food preservation techniques may have further reinforced the idea of ownership of food and the ability of controlling its distribution
    • The need of less people in food production may have resulted in the need to create new roles in our past societies
    • gave rise to early city states and larger empire which create new roles and creation of newer social  structures to regulate the increasing population
Q:

The main idea behind technological determinism is that

A:

Advances in technology is the driver of change in social values and norms in society

Q:

From The Middle Ages in Europe and Renaissance,

A:
  • The Fall of Rome led to the fall of the elite and wealthy class dependent on the slave labor in the Roman Empire.
    • resulted in the fall of the administrative structure in a large part of the Europe
  • Feudalism emerged within this period and the rise of the Catholic Church in Europe was seen
    • The focus is on technological development for practical purposes:
      • better windmills, watermills vs. advances in mathematics, chemistry, and physics
  • Developments in abstract thought and sciences were seen more in the Islamic and Chinese empires in this period.
  • Advances in shipbuilding in the late Middle Ages plus better trade administration (eg emergence of new trade concepts such as bonds, securities, stocks) gave rise to the Italian city states(eg Florence, Rome, Pisa, Genoa, etc.).
    • Concentration of wealth in these city-states
    • Renaissance Men: further development in arts, sciences, and technology during this period
Overview of History of Science and Technology in Culture

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