Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders at University Of Stellenbosch | Flashcards & Summaries

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What is an attachment disorder?

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  • Disturbed and developmentally inappropriate behaviours in children 
  • Child is unable or willing to form normal relationships with caregiving adults 
  • Occurs as a result of  inadequate or neglectful care in early childhood 
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What are psychological management approaches can be used to treat OCD?

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Cognitive behavioral therapy

  • Exposure and ritual prevention (ERP)
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What is tic disorder? 

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  • Involuntary movements
  • Often co-occurs in patients with OCD 
  • Sometimes tics are used as compulsive behaviours (relieve anxiety associated with obsessions)


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Types of obsessions associated with OCD 

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  • Symmetry/exactness/just right 
  • Forbidden thoughts or actions 
  • Cleaning/contamination 
  • Hoarding 
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Major categories of compulsions associated with OCD

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  • Checking 
  • Ordering 
  • Arranging 
  • Washing/cleaning 
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What is Excoriation?

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(Skin picking disorder)

  • Repetitive and compulsive picking of the skin leading to tissue damage 
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What psychological management approaches can be used to treat PTSD?

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Cognitive behavioral: 

  • Imaginal exposure to memories of traumatic event (graduated or massed) 
  • Increased positive coping skills 
  • Increased social support

Psychoanalytic therapy: 

  • Catharsis - reliving emotional trauma to relieve suffering 
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What is an adjustment disorder?

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  • Anxious or depressive reactions to life stress 
  • Occur in reaction to life stressors
  • Clinically significant distress or impairment 
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What is trichotillomania?

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  • Urge to pull out one's hair from anywhere on the body 
  • Leads to noticeable hair loss
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What are pharmacological management approaches to PTSD?

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SSRI's can relieve heightened anxiety and panic attacks

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What is hoarding disorder 

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  • Excessively collecting and keeping items with minimal value, leading to cluttering and disruption of living space 
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What are pharmacological managements approaches to OCD?

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SSRI's - high relapse when discontinued 

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Q:

What is an attachment disorder?

A:
  • Disturbed and developmentally inappropriate behaviours in children 
  • Child is unable or willing to form normal relationships with caregiving adults 
  • Occurs as a result of  inadequate or neglectful care in early childhood 
Q:

What are psychological management approaches can be used to treat OCD?

A:

Cognitive behavioral therapy

  • Exposure and ritual prevention (ERP)
Q:

What is tic disorder? 

A:
  • Involuntary movements
  • Often co-occurs in patients with OCD 
  • Sometimes tics are used as compulsive behaviours (relieve anxiety associated with obsessions)


Q:

Types of obsessions associated with OCD 

A:
  • Symmetry/exactness/just right 
  • Forbidden thoughts or actions 
  • Cleaning/contamination 
  • Hoarding 
Q:

Major categories of compulsions associated with OCD

A:
  • Checking 
  • Ordering 
  • Arranging 
  • Washing/cleaning 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What is Excoriation?

A:

(Skin picking disorder)

  • Repetitive and compulsive picking of the skin leading to tissue damage 
Q:

What psychological management approaches can be used to treat PTSD?

A:

Cognitive behavioral: 

  • Imaginal exposure to memories of traumatic event (graduated or massed) 
  • Increased positive coping skills 
  • Increased social support

Psychoanalytic therapy: 

  • Catharsis - reliving emotional trauma to relieve suffering 
Q:

What is an adjustment disorder?

A:
  • Anxious or depressive reactions to life stress 
  • Occur in reaction to life stressors
  • Clinically significant distress or impairment 
Q:

What is trichotillomania?

A:
  • Urge to pull out one's hair from anywhere on the body 
  • Leads to noticeable hair loss
Q:

What are pharmacological management approaches to PTSD?

A:

SSRI's can relieve heightened anxiety and panic attacks

Q:

What is hoarding disorder 

A:
  • Excessively collecting and keeping items with minimal value, leading to cluttering and disruption of living space 
Q:

What are pharmacological managements approaches to OCD?

A:

SSRI's - high relapse when discontinued 

Chapter 5: Anxiety disorders

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