Anatomy at University Of Southampton | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Anatomy an der University of Southampton

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How are the cells in the testis called which produce hormones?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Leydig cells
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Describe the relationships of the ureters, urinary bladder and urethra?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • bladder posterior to the pubic symphysis: expands superiorly
  • anteriorly to bladder: peritoneum
  • posterior to bladder: uterus (female)/ rectum (male)
  • prostate lies inferior
  • ureters enter posteriorly
  • urethra leaves inferiorly
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is a likely cause of an subdural haemorrhage?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • tearing of bridging veins 
  • they carry blood from the cerebral cortex into venous sinus 


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Describe the organisation of the urinary system?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • 2 kidneys- comprises ca 1 mio. nephrons
  • 2 ureters
  • urinary bladder
  • urethra
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What causes micturation?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • stimulation of the parasympathetic pelvic splanchnic nerves
  • inhibition of urethral sphincters
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Describe the structure of the urinary bladder?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • hollow muscular sac
  • posterioer surface: base/fundus, anterior surface: neck, superior surface: apex
  • trigone region (smooth) -> between ureteric orifices and internal urethral office -> no lamina propria
  • rest rough: mucous membrane loosely attached
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the function of the emissary veins and how is this clinically important?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • They connect venous sinuses and extracranial veins - e.g. to branches of external jugular vein
  • function as a cooling system 


  • significant in the spread of infection
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is a likely cause of a subarachnoid haemorrhage?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Rupture of aneurysm at circle of Willis
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

If the conus medullaris gets damaged (e.g. tumour), problems associated with which body organ are likely to occur?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Bladder

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Path of urine drainage?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. Collecting duct
  2.  Papillary duct
  3.  Minor Calyces
  4.  Major Calyces
  5. Renal pelvis  
  6. Ureter
  7. Urinary bladder
  8. Urethra


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Which spinal cord segments are located in the conus medullaris (forming cauda equina)?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

S1-S5 and Co1

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Describe the blood supply of one kidney?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • 22% of cardiac output
  • 1 renal artery (branch of abdominal aorta) -> 5 segmental branches
  • 1 renal vein (draining into inferior vena cava)
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  • 3980 Karteikarten
  • 212 Studierende
  • 7 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Anatomy Kurs an der University of Southampton - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

How are the cells in the testis called which produce hormones?

A:
  • Leydig cells
Q:

Describe the relationships of the ureters, urinary bladder and urethra?

A:
  • bladder posterior to the pubic symphysis: expands superiorly
  • anteriorly to bladder: peritoneum
  • posterior to bladder: uterus (female)/ rectum (male)
  • prostate lies inferior
  • ureters enter posteriorly
  • urethra leaves inferiorly
Q:

What is a likely cause of an subdural haemorrhage?

A:
  • tearing of bridging veins 
  • they carry blood from the cerebral cortex into venous sinus 


Q:

Describe the organisation of the urinary system?

A:
  • 2 kidneys- comprises ca 1 mio. nephrons
  • 2 ureters
  • urinary bladder
  • urethra
Q:

What causes micturation?

A:
  • stimulation of the parasympathetic pelvic splanchnic nerves
  • inhibition of urethral sphincters
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Describe the structure of the urinary bladder?

A:
  • hollow muscular sac
  • posterioer surface: base/fundus, anterior surface: neck, superior surface: apex
  • trigone region (smooth) -> between ureteric orifices and internal urethral office -> no lamina propria
  • rest rough: mucous membrane loosely attached
Q:

What is the function of the emissary veins and how is this clinically important?

A:
  • They connect venous sinuses and extracranial veins - e.g. to branches of external jugular vein
  • function as a cooling system 


  • significant in the spread of infection
Q:

What is a likely cause of a subarachnoid haemorrhage?

A:
  • Rupture of aneurysm at circle of Willis
Q:

If the conus medullaris gets damaged (e.g. tumour), problems associated with which body organ are likely to occur?

A:

Bladder

Q:

Path of urine drainage?

A:
  1. Collecting duct
  2.  Papillary duct
  3.  Minor Calyces
  4.  Major Calyces
  5. Renal pelvis  
  6. Ureter
  7. Urinary bladder
  8. Urethra


Q:

Which spinal cord segments are located in the conus medullaris (forming cauda equina)?

A:

S1-S5 and Co1

Q:

Describe the blood supply of one kidney?

A:
  • 22% of cardiac output
  • 1 renal artery (branch of abdominal aorta) -> 5 segmental branches
  • 1 renal vein (draining into inferior vena cava)
Anatomy

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