Individual Differences/Intelligence at University Of Minnesota - Twin Cities | Flashcards & Summaries

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Francis Galton
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Thought there may be a way to test nature vs. nurture with twins.
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Eugenics
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Science that seeks to promote genetic and biological improvement of human society by influencing who does and does not reproduce. Became unpopular after World War II.
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Two types of twins include
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Fraternal: Fertilization of the egg by two sperm, share 50% of genetic material.
Identical: Fertilization of a single egg by a single sperm that splits in develops into two separate fetuses, share 100% of genetic material.
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MZ refers to…
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Monozygotic (Identical)
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DZ refers to…
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Dizygotic (fraternal)
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How is the twin study a natural experiment?
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They would randomly assign twins in the lab one to a control group and one to an experimental group.
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How genetically like are identical twins?
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100%
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How genetically alike are fraternal twins?
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50%
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How genetically alike are siblings?
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50%
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How genetically alike are adopted children?
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0%
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What is the correlation between IQ for MZ twins?
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Very high correlation, .82
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Nature vs. Nurture Controversy
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Nature: genetics influence our personality and behavior
Nurture: Environment influences our personality and behavior
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Individual Differences/Intelligence Kurs an der University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Francis Galton
A:
Thought there may be a way to test nature vs. nurture with twins.
Q:
Eugenics
A:
Science that seeks to promote genetic and biological improvement of human society by influencing who does and does not reproduce. Became unpopular after World War II.
Q:
Two types of twins include
A:
Fraternal: Fertilization of the egg by two sperm, share 50% of genetic material.
Identical: Fertilization of a single egg by a single sperm that splits in develops into two separate fetuses, share 100% of genetic material.
Q:
MZ refers to…
A:
Monozygotic (Identical)
Q:
DZ refers to…
A:
Dizygotic (fraternal)
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Q:
How is the twin study a natural experiment?
A:
They would randomly assign twins in the lab one to a control group and one to an experimental group.
Q:
How genetically like are identical twins?
A:
100%
Q:
How genetically alike are fraternal twins?
A:
50%
Q:
How genetically alike are siblings?
A:
50%
Q:
How genetically alike are adopted children?
A:
0%
Q:
What is the correlation between IQ for MZ twins?
A:
Very high correlation, .82
Q:
Nature vs. Nurture Controversy
A:
Nature: genetics influence our personality and behavior
Nurture: Environment influences our personality and behavior
Individual Differences/Intelligence

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