Learning & Memory at University Of Hertfordshire | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Learning & Memory an der University of Hertfordshire

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Co-activation of connected cells will result in _______ of their connections
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Strengthening 
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What was Hebb’s hypothesis on how short term memory is stored?
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STM stored by neural activity reverberating in closed-loop CNS circuits
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What was Hebb’s hypothesis on how long term memory is stored?
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If reverberating activity happens for long enough, it causes structural changes to synapses
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What is long term potentiation?
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The process that strengthens synapses and allows for learning 
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Who first described long term potentiation in the 1970s?
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Bliss et al. 
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Long lasting stimulation of the ______ path in the ________ results in enhanced activation of neurons
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Perforant path, hippocampus 
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Bliss and Lomo (1973) found that long term potentiation has two stages: what are they?
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Early phase: lasts 1-2 hours after stimulation 
Late phase: lasts over 4 hours
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What amino acid neurotransmitter is responsible for long term potentiation?
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Glutamate
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What type of neurotransmitter are glutamate receptors?
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Excitatory 
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What are the two receptors important for long term potentiation?
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AMPA and NDMA
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AMPA receptors are selective to what ions?
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Sodium ions (Na)
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Donald Hebb is best known for what theory? Briefly explain it.
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Hebbian learning, learning is caused by structural changes to synapses 
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Q:
Co-activation of connected cells will result in _______ of their connections
A:
Strengthening 
Q:
What was Hebb’s hypothesis on how short term memory is stored?
A:
STM stored by neural activity reverberating in closed-loop CNS circuits
Q:
What was Hebb’s hypothesis on how long term memory is stored?
A:
If reverberating activity happens for long enough, it causes structural changes to synapses
Q:
What is long term potentiation?
A:
The process that strengthens synapses and allows for learning 
Q:
Who first described long term potentiation in the 1970s?
A:
Bliss et al. 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Long lasting stimulation of the ______ path in the ________ results in enhanced activation of neurons
A:
Perforant path, hippocampus 
Q:
Bliss and Lomo (1973) found that long term potentiation has two stages: what are they?
A:
Early phase: lasts 1-2 hours after stimulation 
Late phase: lasts over 4 hours
Q:
What amino acid neurotransmitter is responsible for long term potentiation?
A:
Glutamate
Q:
What type of neurotransmitter are glutamate receptors?
A:
Excitatory 
Q:
What are the two receptors important for long term potentiation?
A:
AMPA and NDMA
Q:
AMPA receptors are selective to what ions?
A:
Sodium ions (Na)
Q:
Donald Hebb is best known for what theory? Briefly explain it.
A:
Hebbian learning, learning is caused by structural changes to synapses 
Learning & Memory

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