A Level History - The Cold War (AQA) at University of Cambridge

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Exemplary flashcards for A Level History - The Cold War (AQA) at the University of Cambridge on StudySmarter:

What is capitalism and who created it?

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What is communism and who created it?

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What were the overall objectives of Britain?

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Exemplary flashcards for A Level History - The Cold War (AQA) at the University of Cambridge on StudySmarter:

What were the overall objectives of the USSR, at this time?

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What were the overall objectives of the US, at this time?


Exemplary flashcards for A Level History - The Cold War (AQA) at the University of Cambridge on StudySmarter:

When and where was the Yalta conference hosted?

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What did Britain want in Germany and how effectively was their zone run?

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Exemplary flashcards for A Level History - The Cold War (AQA) at the University of Cambridge on StudySmarter:

What current issues were causing tensions amongst the Grand Alliance?

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What did Stalin want from the Yalta conference?

Exemplary flashcards for A Level History - The Cold War (AQA) at the University of Cambridge on StudySmarter:

What did Roosevelt and Churchill want from the Yalta conference?

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What were the historical factors for mistrust between the members of the Grand Alliance?

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What was the result of the Berlin Blockade for Stalin?

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Exemplary flashcards for A Level History - The Cold War (AQA) at the University of Cambridge on StudySmarter:

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

What is capitalism and who created it?

  • Capitalism is based on freedom, equal opportunity, free market economy with minimal government interference and free elections. 
  • Adam Smith is seen as the father of capitalism.

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

What is communism and who created it?

  • Communism is based on the principle  of each receiving according to their ability and needs.
  • All property is owned by the government, who control the economy.
  • Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels are the fathers of communism.

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

What were the overall objectives of Britain?

  • Despite its weakness, Britain still had the responsibilities of a great power, due to its Empire.
  • Desired US involvement, knowing that only the US could prevent Soviet power spreading.

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

What were the overall objectives of the USSR, at this time?

  • Following the loss of almost 30 million men due to WW2, security was the primary desire. 
  • Stalin wished for the coordination of Eastern Europe, in terms of politics and economy to increase Soviet security.
  • To the US, this looked like expansionism and a desire by Stalin for the spread of communism. 

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

What were the overall objectives of the US, at this time?


  • The containment of communism to ensure a European market for US goods.
  • An appearance of strength, following the years of appeasement. 
  • The arms industry benefited from conflict and tension through increased investment.

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

When and where was the Yalta conference hosted?

  • February 1945
  • The city of Yalta, Crimea

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

What did Britain want in Germany and how effectively was their zone run?

  • Continued economy recovery in an effort to prevent the growth of support for communism, which would increase Soviet influence.
  • They had control of the Ruhr, as a key industrial region that was central to economic recovery.
  • They were committed to food aid, which put a strain on finances, as the large population made this costly.
  • Ultimately, this increased dependency on the US and led to Bizonia forming in 1946.

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

What current issues were causing tensions amongst the Grand Alliance?

  • Poland. The USSR had set up the pro-communist Lublin government, whilst the legitimate government remained in London in exile. 
  • Russia wanted the west to open up a second front. Stalin felt as though the Soviets were doing the vast majority of fighting and dying (26 million died). Did the US want them to die?

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

What did Stalin want from the Yalta conference?

  • Control of its own destiny for the USSR.
  • Cooperation with Anglo-Americans.
  • Guarantee of security through European spheres of influence. 
  • Germany to remain weak indefinitely.
  • Economic reconstruction for the USSR at the expense of Germany. 

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

What did Roosevelt and Churchill want from the Yalta conference?

  • The UN as the foundation of collective security.
  • Long-term cooperation with the USSR.
  • Self-determination for nations with no spheres of influence.
  • Democracy for Germany and its reconstruction and re-education.
  • The creation of the IMF and the World Bank for global economic reconstruction.

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

What were the historical factors for mistrust between the members of the Grand Alliance?

  • In 1917, Britain and the US tried to destroy the Bolshevik revolution.
  • In 1939, Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet pact. This alliance fell apart when Hitler invaded Russia in 1941.
  • The underlying ideological dichotomy that had fueled a propaganda war in the '30s.
  • Russia desired the safety of a buffer zone, due to its vulnerable Western border, which had been invaded by Napoleon previously and by Hitler. 

A Level History - The Cold War (AQA)

What was the result of the Berlin Blockade for Stalin?

  • He failed in his aims to get the Western allies to pull out of Germany, which would have allowed the installment of communism and democratic collapse. 
  • He didn't gain control of Berlin either.
  • Thus, this potentially undermined his influence in Germany.

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