Know The Structure And Function Of Plant Cells, Tissues And Vegetative Organs. at University Of Bristol | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Know the structure and function of plant cells, tissues and vegetative organs. an der University of Bristol

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Function of the cell wall

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Provide structure, support and protection. 

Made mainly out of cellulose.

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Structure and function of the apical meristem

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This is the location of cell division in a root. It is made up of undifferentiated cells, giving rise to all the root tissues. It is located at the apex of the root, and is protected by the root cap.

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What is the primary function of the root?

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Anchorage, water and mineral uptake

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Function of the vacuole.

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The vacuole regulates water in the plant cell, and therefore is important in turgidity.

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Function of the nucleus

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Holds DNA. 

Manufactures enzymes and proteins. 

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Function of mitochondria.

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They are the power house of the cell.

They release energy via respiration.

There a lot of mitochondria in the meristems of the stem, root and flower in order to supply energy for rapid cell division.

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How do plants increase in size?

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Cell division (mitosis)

Cell enlargement

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Where is cell division located within the plant?

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Apical and lateral meristems

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State what is meant by the term 'plant tissue'

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Plant cells are grouped into similarly functioning cells. 

These groups are called plant tissues.

They have specialist functions, and can be combined together to form a plant organ e.g. leaf.

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Function of the cytoplasm.

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It is a semi-liquid suspension.

It suspends organelles in the cell.

It is enclosed by the plasma membrane.

It is largely water, but enables substances dissolved within it to move around the cell, and take part of chemical reactions within it.



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Function of the chloroplast.

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Contain the pigment chlorophyll.

Involved in the production of sugars via photosynthesis.

Involved in the short term storage of starch. 

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Characteristics and functions of packing tissues e.g. parenchyma

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It is found in the inner layer of leaves, plants and roots.

Para - beside, Chyma - filling.

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Q:

Function of the cell wall

A:

Provide structure, support and protection. 

Made mainly out of cellulose.

Q:

Structure and function of the apical meristem

A:

This is the location of cell division in a root. It is made up of undifferentiated cells, giving rise to all the root tissues. It is located at the apex of the root, and is protected by the root cap.

Q:

What is the primary function of the root?

A:

Anchorage, water and mineral uptake

Q:

Function of the vacuole.

A:

The vacuole regulates water in the plant cell, and therefore is important in turgidity.

Q:

Function of the nucleus

A:

Holds DNA. 

Manufactures enzymes and proteins. 

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Q:

Function of mitochondria.

A:

They are the power house of the cell.

They release energy via respiration.

There a lot of mitochondria in the meristems of the stem, root and flower in order to supply energy for rapid cell division.

Q:

How do plants increase in size?

A:

Cell division (mitosis)

Cell enlargement

Q:

Where is cell division located within the plant?

A:

Apical and lateral meristems

Q:

State what is meant by the term 'plant tissue'

A:

Plant cells are grouped into similarly functioning cells. 

These groups are called plant tissues.

They have specialist functions, and can be combined together to form a plant organ e.g. leaf.

Q:

Function of the cytoplasm.

A:

It is a semi-liquid suspension.

It suspends organelles in the cell.

It is enclosed by the plasma membrane.

It is largely water, but enables substances dissolved within it to move around the cell, and take part of chemical reactions within it.



Q:

Function of the chloroplast.

A:

Contain the pigment chlorophyll.

Involved in the production of sugars via photosynthesis.

Involved in the short term storage of starch. 

Q:

Characteristics and functions of packing tissues e.g. parenchyma

A:

It is found in the inner layer of leaves, plants and roots.

Para - beside, Chyma - filling.

Know the structure and function of plant cells, tissues and vegetative organs.

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