Protein Synthesis at University Of Brighton | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Protein synthesis an der University of Brighton

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Give two functions of Triglycerides

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Energy storage, protection of internal organs from physical damage, buoyancy in fish, thermal insulation layer, release of metabolic water through oxidation

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What is a transcription factor
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A transcription factor is a protein that binds to a gene's promoter region and as a result enables RNA polymerase to attatch to the start of the gene and begin its transcription
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what are the consequences of mutations in terms of protein structure

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  1. change the position of the weak hydrogen bonds affecting the alpha helices and beta-pleated sheets in the secobdary structure
  2. change the position of the weak hydrogen, ionic bonds between the R groups of amino acids and the disulphide bonds in its tertiary structure
  3. May alter the BINDING site or ACTIVE site of enzymes and make the protein non-functional in the tertiary structure
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what does transcription involve

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copying the base sequence of a gene in DNA onto the base sequence of an mRNA molecule

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what is translocation in translation

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when the Ribosome moves along mRNA to include the next codon.

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What are the two components of Triglycerides?

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Glycerol and fatty acids

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Allele

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a different version / form of a gene

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what types of RNA is there

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a) Messenger RNA (mRNA) - formed during transcription. 
b) Transfer RNA (tRNA) - involved in translation. 
c) Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) - consist of a large and a small subunit, site of translation. 
d) Interfering RNA (RNAi) - inhibits translation 

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Genome

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complete base sequence of all the DNA from a cell of an organism

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when adenine and thymine pair, how many hydrogen bonds are formed

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two hydrogen bonds.

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Introns

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non-coding sequences

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what are the names of the pentose sugars involved

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  • deoxyribonucleic acid
  • ribonucleic acid
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  • 1529 Karteikarten
  • 75 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Protein synthesis Kurs an der University of Brighton - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Give two functions of Triglycerides

A:

Energy storage, protection of internal organs from physical damage, buoyancy in fish, thermal insulation layer, release of metabolic water through oxidation

Q:
What is a transcription factor
A:
A transcription factor is a protein that binds to a gene's promoter region and as a result enables RNA polymerase to attatch to the start of the gene and begin its transcription
Q:

what are the consequences of mutations in terms of protein structure

A:
  1. change the position of the weak hydrogen bonds affecting the alpha helices and beta-pleated sheets in the secobdary structure
  2. change the position of the weak hydrogen, ionic bonds between the R groups of amino acids and the disulphide bonds in its tertiary structure
  3. May alter the BINDING site or ACTIVE site of enzymes and make the protein non-functional in the tertiary structure
Q:

what does transcription involve

A:

copying the base sequence of a gene in DNA onto the base sequence of an mRNA molecule

Q:

what is translocation in translation

A:

when the Ribosome moves along mRNA to include the next codon.

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Q:

What are the two components of Triglycerides?

A:

Glycerol and fatty acids

Q:

Allele

A:

a different version / form of a gene

Q:

what types of RNA is there

A:

a) Messenger RNA (mRNA) - formed during transcription. 
b) Transfer RNA (tRNA) - involved in translation. 
c) Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) - consist of a large and a small subunit, site of translation. 
d) Interfering RNA (RNAi) - inhibits translation 

Q:

Genome

A:

complete base sequence of all the DNA from a cell of an organism

Q:

when adenine and thymine pair, how many hydrogen bonds are formed

A:

two hydrogen bonds.

Q:

Introns

A:

non-coding sequences

Q:

what are the names of the pentose sugars involved

A:
  • deoxyribonucleic acid
  • ribonucleic acid
Protein synthesis

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