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Passive closing of valves

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Valves in the heart open and close passively, not through muscle contraction. They open when a forward pressure pushes against them and close when a backward pressure pushes against them.

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Function of Cerebellum

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The most important ones include balance, motoric activities, walking, standing, and coordination of voluntary movements. It also coordinates muscular activity and speech. It also coordinates eye movements, thus heavily impacting our vision

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Arrector Pili Muscle

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This is a tiny muscle that attaches to the base of a hair follicle at one end and to dermal tissue on the other end. In order to generate heat when the body is cold, the arrector pili muscles contract all at once, causing the hair to "stand up straight" on the skin.

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3 phases of digestion

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1. Cephalic phase - occurs before food enters the stomach due to neurological signals. 

2. Gastric Phase - a period in which swallowed food activates gastric activity in the stomach. 

3. Intestinal Phase  - occurs in the duodenum as a response to the arriving chyme, and it moderates gastric activity via hormones and nervous reflexes. 

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Glucagon

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Glucagon is a peptide hormone, produced by alpha cells of the pancreas. It raises the concentration of glucose and fatty acids in the bloodstream and is considered to be the main catabolic hormone of the body

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What are Exocrine glands?

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Exocrine glands are glands that secrete substances onto an epithelial surface by way of a duct. Examples of exocrine glands include sweat, salivary, mammary, ceruminous, lacrimal, sebaceous, prostate and mucous.

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grey and white matter in the brain and spinal cord 

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brain and spinal cord - grey and white matter interchanged

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A: highly specialized neural cells, responsible for communicating information in both chemical and electrical forms


B: highly specialized neural cells, provide trophic and functional support and form the insulation of the axons


C: immune cells of the central nervous system, activated following a pathological insult (may contribute to pathogenesis or confer neuronal protection).


D: support cells of the central nervous system, during inflammation and injury, they divide and wall off damaged

areas.

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A. Neuron 

B. Oligodendrocytes

C. Microglia

D. Astrocytes

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is neocortex homogeneous?

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no, it is inhomogeneous with 

Variable:

- total thickness

- individual layers thickness

- cell size & density.

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Subcortical white matter fibers 

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1) projection fibers leave the hemisphere for subcortical targets

2) commissural fibers interhemispheric connections, L R and R L

3) association fibers (2 types) intrahemispheric connections, L L and R R

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Association cortical areas


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•surround the primary cortical areas

•can be divided into:

       • Unimodal: relates to a single primary region

      • Multimodal: integrates information relating to multiple primary and unimodal regions.

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what is Fascia?

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Fascia is a thin casing of connective tissue that surrounds and holds every organ, blood vessel, bone, nerve fiber, and muscle in place. ... When it dries up and tightens around muscles, it can limit mobility and cause painful knots to develop.

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Q:

Passive closing of valves

A:

Valves in the heart open and close passively, not through muscle contraction. They open when a forward pressure pushes against them and close when a backward pressure pushes against them.

Q:

Function of Cerebellum

A:

The most important ones include balance, motoric activities, walking, standing, and coordination of voluntary movements. It also coordinates muscular activity and speech. It also coordinates eye movements, thus heavily impacting our vision

Q:

Arrector Pili Muscle

A:

This is a tiny muscle that attaches to the base of a hair follicle at one end and to dermal tissue on the other end. In order to generate heat when the body is cold, the arrector pili muscles contract all at once, causing the hair to "stand up straight" on the skin.

Q:

3 phases of digestion

A:

1. Cephalic phase - occurs before food enters the stomach due to neurological signals. 

2. Gastric Phase - a period in which swallowed food activates gastric activity in the stomach. 

3. Intestinal Phase  - occurs in the duodenum as a response to the arriving chyme, and it moderates gastric activity via hormones and nervous reflexes. 

Q:

Glucagon

A:

Glucagon is a peptide hormone, produced by alpha cells of the pancreas. It raises the concentration of glucose and fatty acids in the bloodstream and is considered to be the main catabolic hormone of the body

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What are Exocrine glands?

A:

Exocrine glands are glands that secrete substances onto an epithelial surface by way of a duct. Examples of exocrine glands include sweat, salivary, mammary, ceruminous, lacrimal, sebaceous, prostate and mucous.

Q:

grey and white matter in the brain and spinal cord 

A:

brain and spinal cord - grey and white matter interchanged

Q:

A: highly specialized neural cells, responsible for communicating information in both chemical and electrical forms


B: highly specialized neural cells, provide trophic and functional support and form the insulation of the axons


C: immune cells of the central nervous system, activated following a pathological insult (may contribute to pathogenesis or confer neuronal protection).


D: support cells of the central nervous system, during inflammation and injury, they divide and wall off damaged

areas.

A:

A. Neuron 

B. Oligodendrocytes

C. Microglia

D. Astrocytes

Q:

is neocortex homogeneous?

A:

no, it is inhomogeneous with 

Variable:

- total thickness

- individual layers thickness

- cell size & density.

Q:

Subcortical white matter fibers 

A:

1) projection fibers leave the hemisphere for subcortical targets

2) commissural fibers interhemispheric connections, L R and R L

3) association fibers (2 types) intrahemispheric connections, L L and R R

Q:

Association cortical areas


A:

•surround the primary cortical areas

•can be divided into:

       • Unimodal: relates to a single primary region

      • Multimodal: integrates information relating to multiple primary and unimodal regions.

Q:

what is Fascia?

A:

Fascia is a thin casing of connective tissue that surrounds and holds every organ, blood vessel, bone, nerve fiber, and muscle in place. ... When it dries up and tightens around muscles, it can limit mobility and cause painful knots to develop.

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