Biomedical Of Tissue Regeneration at University Of Basel | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Biomedical of Tissue Regeneration an der University of Basel

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What are the functions of Cytoplasm and Cytosol? 

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Is responsible for giving a cell its shape

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What are some of the characters from living entities?

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Are highly organized compared to natural inanimate objects;

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What is a genome?

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A Genome is like a programe which provides all the DNA which instructs the Cell how to function

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What is a mitochondrion and what are the three main steps? 

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It is a organellen with a double layer membrane.

They are self-replicating and have their own DNA and ribosomes (=> produce their own proteins).

The primary function of mitochondria is to generate large quantities of energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)

3 main steps:

- Breakdown of large macromolecus to small subunits, like glucose (outside the cells)

 - Glycolysis: glucose -> pyruvate (in the cytosol), 

- Oxidative phosphorylation -> ATP synthesis (in the mitochondria).


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What are the three target main destinations from funtional groups after released from the Golgi apparatus? 

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-Cell Membran: Process is continuously 

-Secretion from the Cell (for othe parts of the body): Requirement is a special chemical signal that needs to be released before it 'is allowed' to pass the cell membrane

-Sent to Lysosomes to get hydralyzed


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Explain Phagocytosis and Autophagy

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Phagocytosis: Way in which large particles are degrade by special cells 

Autophagy: It is the turnover of cytoplasmic organelles. The first step of autophagy is the enclosure of an organelle in membrane derived from the ER 

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What are the two types of Cells?

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Prokaryotes are organisms without a cell nucleus (= karyon), or any other membrane-bound organelles. 


Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells are organized into complex structures by internal membranes. The most characteristic membrane bound structure is the nucleus.


Most Pluricellular 


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What are Plasm Membrane?

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Its so called the Cell Skin, it is Selectively permeable and it is a double layer of protein and lipids. Sperate the Cytoplasm from its surroundings.

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How the cells in particellular organism are organised? 

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- tissues: groups of similar cells that work together on a specific task; 

- organs: structures made up of two or more tissues organized to carry out a particular function; 

- organ systems: groups of organs with related functions.

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What are the functions of a Cytoskeleton? 

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Helps the cell maintain its shape and gives support to the cell;

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What are the reason for variability?

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We have different cells (but with indetic DNA), and this cells uses their genes to produce some proteins and not others

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What is a Cytosol? 

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It is a viscous liquid within a cell which organelles can be found

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Q:

What are the functions of Cytoplasm and Cytosol? 

A:

Is responsible for giving a cell its shape

Q:

What are some of the characters from living entities?

A:

Are highly organized compared to natural inanimate objects;

Q:

What is a genome?

A:

A Genome is like a programe which provides all the DNA which instructs the Cell how to function

Q:

What is a mitochondrion and what are the three main steps? 

A:

It is a organellen with a double layer membrane.

They are self-replicating and have their own DNA and ribosomes (=> produce their own proteins).

The primary function of mitochondria is to generate large quantities of energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)

3 main steps:

- Breakdown of large macromolecus to small subunits, like glucose (outside the cells)

 - Glycolysis: glucose -> pyruvate (in the cytosol), 

- Oxidative phosphorylation -> ATP synthesis (in the mitochondria).


Q:

What are the three target main destinations from funtional groups after released from the Golgi apparatus? 

A:

-Cell Membran: Process is continuously 

-Secretion from the Cell (for othe parts of the body): Requirement is a special chemical signal that needs to be released before it 'is allowed' to pass the cell membrane

-Sent to Lysosomes to get hydralyzed


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Q:

Explain Phagocytosis and Autophagy

A:

Phagocytosis: Way in which large particles are degrade by special cells 

Autophagy: It is the turnover of cytoplasmic organelles. The first step of autophagy is the enclosure of an organelle in membrane derived from the ER 

Q:

What are the two types of Cells?

A:

Prokaryotes are organisms without a cell nucleus (= karyon), or any other membrane-bound organelles. 


Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells are organized into complex structures by internal membranes. The most characteristic membrane bound structure is the nucleus.


Most Pluricellular 


Q:

What are Plasm Membrane?

A:

Its so called the Cell Skin, it is Selectively permeable and it is a double layer of protein and lipids. Sperate the Cytoplasm from its surroundings.

Q:

How the cells in particellular organism are organised? 

A:

- tissues: groups of similar cells that work together on a specific task; 

- organs: structures made up of two or more tissues organized to carry out a particular function; 

- organ systems: groups of organs with related functions.

Q:

What are the functions of a Cytoskeleton? 

A:

Helps the cell maintain its shape and gives support to the cell;

Q:

What are the reason for variability?

A:

We have different cells (but with indetic DNA), and this cells uses their genes to produce some proteins and not others

Q:

What is a Cytosol? 

A:

It is a viscous liquid within a cell which organelles can be found

Biomedical of Tissue Regeneration

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