Language at University Of Amsterdam | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Language an der University of Amsterdam

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The inability to inflect speech with the usual emotional color that the right hemisphere typically contributes to language. Characterized by a monotonic or “robotic” speech pattern.

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aprosodia

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A language deficit arising from damage to the area in the frontal lobe and characterized by difficulty in the production of speech.

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Broca’s aphasia

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An area in the ventral posterior region of the left frontal lobe that helps mediate language expression; named after the nineteenth-century anatomist and neurologist Paul Broca.

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Broca’s area

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Pertaining to the connectivity of neural networks whose connection weights vary according to experience.

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connectionist

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Typically an unvoiced (atonal) element of speech that begins and/or ends syllables.

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consonant

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One of several frequencies that represent the natural resonances of different components of the vocal tract.

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formant

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The system of rules implicit in a language.

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grammar

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The portion of the upper respiratory tract that lies between the trachea and the pharynx. 

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larynx

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The misperception of speech sounds due to conflicting visual stimuli.

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McGurk effect

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Typically refers to artificial network of interconnected nodes whose connections change in strength as a means of solving problems. Can also be used as a synonym for a neuronal circuit.

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neural network

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One of about 200 different sound stimuli the human vocal apparatus can produce. A subset of these is used in any given spoken language (approximately 40 in English).

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phone

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A language deficit that arises from damage to one of the cortical language areas, typically in the left hemisphere.

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aphasia

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Language Kurs an der University of Amsterdam - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

The inability to inflect speech with the usual emotional color that the right hemisphere typically contributes to language. Characterized by a monotonic or “robotic” speech pattern.

A:

aprosodia

Q:

A language deficit arising from damage to the area in the frontal lobe and characterized by difficulty in the production of speech.

A:

Broca’s aphasia

Q:

An area in the ventral posterior region of the left frontal lobe that helps mediate language expression; named after the nineteenth-century anatomist and neurologist Paul Broca.

A:

Broca’s area

Q:

Pertaining to the connectivity of neural networks whose connection weights vary according to experience.

A:

connectionist

Q:

Typically an unvoiced (atonal) element of speech that begins and/or ends syllables.

A:

consonant

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Q:

One of several frequencies that represent the natural resonances of different components of the vocal tract.

A:

formant

Q:

The system of rules implicit in a language.

A:

grammar

Q:

The portion of the upper respiratory tract that lies between the trachea and the pharynx. 

A:

larynx

Q:

The misperception of speech sounds due to conflicting visual stimuli.

A:

McGurk effect

Q:

Typically refers to artificial network of interconnected nodes whose connections change in strength as a means of solving problems. Can also be used as a synonym for a neuronal circuit.

A:

neural network

Q:

One of about 200 different sound stimuli the human vocal apparatus can produce. A subset of these is used in any given spoken language (approximately 40 in English).

A:

phone

Q:

A language deficit that arises from damage to one of the cortical language areas, typically in the left hemisphere.

A:

aphasia

Language

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