Introductory Psychology + Brain & Cognition at University Of Amsterdam | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Introductory Psychology + Brain & Cognition an der University of Amsterdam

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correlation coefficient
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the strength and direction of the relationship between two or more variables > correlation coefficients are calculated by a a formula that produces result ranging from-1.00 to +1.00 

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chromosomes

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the genetic material exists in each cell in structures called chromosomes, wich are usually dispersed throughout the cell nucleus.

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Charles Darwins Theory

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the idea that the machinery of behavior and mind evolved through natural selection, to improve the chance of survival and reproduction.

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Hawthorne effect

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Participants modify or improve an aspect of their behavior in response to their awareness of being observed. 


One method to minimizing the Hawthorne effect takes advantage of the phenomenon of habituation.

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Adaption
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refers to modification as a result changed life circumstances 

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Physiology

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the study of the body's machinery

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What is Psychology

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Psychology is the science of human behaviour and its underlying mental processes

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central nervous system
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brain and spinal cord

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what is reflexology


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Through experiments with animals, scientists began to learn about the neural connections that underlie simple reflexes. some of these physiologists began to suggest that all human behavior occurs through reflexes; that even so called voluntary actions are actually complex reflexes involving higher parts of the brain. (Reflexes are involuntary responses to stimuli)


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what is the placebo effect?


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-Belief in the effectiveness of a non-effective medicine can suffice to make ailments disappear 


eg.: nurse on night duty gives vitamin-C tablet to patient who can't sleep. Patient falls asleep, thinking that it's a sleeping pill

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three types of biases
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-Sampling bias

-Measurement biases

-Expectancy biases

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polygenic characteristics 

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(poly=many)

Characteristics that vary in continuous way are generally affected by many genes.

the variability results from a combination of genetic differences at many gene loci and environmental differences.

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Introductory Psychology + Brain & Cognition Kurs an der University of Amsterdam - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:


correlation coefficient
A:

the strength and direction of the relationship between two or more variables > correlation coefficients are calculated by a a formula that produces result ranging from-1.00 to +1.00 

Q:

chromosomes

A:

the genetic material exists in each cell in structures called chromosomes, wich are usually dispersed throughout the cell nucleus.

Q:

Charles Darwins Theory

A:

the idea that the machinery of behavior and mind evolved through natural selection, to improve the chance of survival and reproduction.

Q:

Hawthorne effect

A:

Participants modify or improve an aspect of their behavior in response to their awareness of being observed. 


One method to minimizing the Hawthorne effect takes advantage of the phenomenon of habituation.

Q:


Adaption
A:

refers to modification as a result changed life circumstances 

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Physiology

A:

the study of the body's machinery

Q:

What is Psychology

A:

Psychology is the science of human behaviour and its underlying mental processes

Q:


central nervous system
A:

brain and spinal cord

Q:

what is reflexology


A:

Through experiments with animals, scientists began to learn about the neural connections that underlie simple reflexes. some of these physiologists began to suggest that all human behavior occurs through reflexes; that even so called voluntary actions are actually complex reflexes involving higher parts of the brain. (Reflexes are involuntary responses to stimuli)


Q:

what is the placebo effect?


A:

-Belief in the effectiveness of a non-effective medicine can suffice to make ailments disappear 


eg.: nurse on night duty gives vitamin-C tablet to patient who can't sleep. Patient falls asleep, thinking that it's a sleeping pill

Q:


three types of biases
A:

-Sampling bias

-Measurement biases

-Expectancy biases

Q:

polygenic characteristics 

A:

(poly=many)

Characteristics that vary in continuous way are generally affected by many genes.

the variability results from a combination of genetic differences at many gene loci and environmental differences.

Introductory Psychology + Brain & Cognition

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