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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Name the 5 types of determinism...
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Soft 
  • hard 
  • biological
  • environmental 
  • psychic 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is meant by determinism?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
All Behaviour is determined and therefore predictable. This could be caused through external or internal influences 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is meant by free will?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
When we have choices around how we act. we are self determined and free from influences of the past. We have a choice over our own behaviour and it is voluntary and unconstrained 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is meant by soft determinism?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
This is a compromised position where behaviour is seen to be determined to an extent, but people still have some degree of choice 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is meant by hard determism?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
When all behaviours have a cause and the individual has little choice over their own behaviour 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is meant by biological determism?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
This is the belief that behaviour is caused by biological (genetic, hormonal Nd evolutionary) influences that we cannot control 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is meant by environmental determism?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
This is the belief that behaviour is caused by features of the environment (such as systems of reward and punishment) that we cannot control 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is meant by psychic determism?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
This is the belief that behaviour is caused by unconscious conflicts that we annoy control 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Outline the scientific emphasis on casual explanations...
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • One of the basic principles of science is that events have a case and that causes can be explained by general laws. Knowledge of caused and the formulation of law are crucial as they allow scientists to make predictions and control future events 

  • in a lavatory experiment researchers try to eliminate all extraneous variables to allow cause and effect to be implied. Because of this we can therefore make determinist conclusions e.g X has caused Y, this is desirable in science as we have determined the factors that influence and eliminated those that may be extraneous 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Outline some points FOR determism...
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Determinism is consistent with the aims of science. The notion that human behaviour is orderly and obey laws places psychology on equal footing with other more established sciences 

  • the experience of mental disorders like schizophrenia where individuals experience a total loss of control over their thoughts and behaviour casts doubt on the concept of free will as no one would choose to have schizophrenia. At least in terms of mental disorder, then behaviour would be determined 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Outline some points AGAINST determism...
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • It is not consistent with the way in which our legal system operates - if people are predetermined first commit a crime can they really be seen as responsible for their actions?

  •  A negative idea that suggests people cannot change - if we are not in control of what we do how can we change from a bad upbringing etc?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Outline some points FOR free will...
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • It simply makes sense - everyday we are constantly exercising free will through the choices that we make 

  •  a more positive approach where we are allowed to decide for ourselves between right and wrong instead of being controlled by internal or external forces
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen ISSUES AND DEBATES! Kurs an der University of Aberdeen - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Name the 5 types of determinism...
A:
  • Soft 
  • hard 
  • biological
  • environmental 
  • psychic 
Q:
What is meant by determinism?
A:
All Behaviour is determined and therefore predictable. This could be caused through external or internal influences 
Q:
What is meant by free will?
A:
When we have choices around how we act. we are self determined and free from influences of the past. We have a choice over our own behaviour and it is voluntary and unconstrained 
Q:
What is meant by soft determinism?
A:
This is a compromised position where behaviour is seen to be determined to an extent, but people still have some degree of choice 
Q:
What is meant by hard determism?
A:
When all behaviours have a cause and the individual has little choice over their own behaviour 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What is meant by biological determism?
A:
This is the belief that behaviour is caused by biological (genetic, hormonal Nd evolutionary) influences that we cannot control 
Q:
What is meant by environmental determism?
A:
This is the belief that behaviour is caused by features of the environment (such as systems of reward and punishment) that we cannot control 
Q:
What is meant by psychic determism?
A:
This is the belief that behaviour is caused by unconscious conflicts that we annoy control 
Q:
Outline the scientific emphasis on casual explanations...
A:
  • One of the basic principles of science is that events have a case and that causes can be explained by general laws. Knowledge of caused and the formulation of law are crucial as they allow scientists to make predictions and control future events 

  • in a lavatory experiment researchers try to eliminate all extraneous variables to allow cause and effect to be implied. Because of this we can therefore make determinist conclusions e.g X has caused Y, this is desirable in science as we have determined the factors that influence and eliminated those that may be extraneous 
Q:
Outline some points FOR determism...
A:
  • Determinism is consistent with the aims of science. The notion that human behaviour is orderly and obey laws places psychology on equal footing with other more established sciences 

  • the experience of mental disorders like schizophrenia where individuals experience a total loss of control over their thoughts and behaviour casts doubt on the concept of free will as no one would choose to have schizophrenia. At least in terms of mental disorder, then behaviour would be determined 
Q:
Outline some points AGAINST determism...
A:
  • It is not consistent with the way in which our legal system operates - if people are predetermined first commit a crime can they really be seen as responsible for their actions?

  •  A negative idea that suggests people cannot change - if we are not in control of what we do how can we change from a bad upbringing etc?
Q:
Outline some points FOR free will...
A:
  • It simply makes sense - everyday we are constantly exercising free will through the choices that we make 

  •  a more positive approach where we are allowed to decide for ourselves between right and wrong instead of being controlled by internal or external forces
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