1 VL IB at Universität zu Lübeck

Flashcards and summaries for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck

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Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

A) Which lice are parasites of human? B) Which other animals do they infect/infest? C) Which role do the lice have in transmission?

Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

Name two ectoparasites of the order true bugs (Hemiptera), connected disease and symptoms?

Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

Vectors of Dengue virus?

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Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

Sleeping sickness: Other name, transmission, pathogen class?

Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

Definition Parasite?

Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

Nennen sie 3 wichtige virale Zoonosen, Vector and Reservoir beschreiben.

Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

Example of zoonotic influenza virus that have recently caused human infections? Übertragungsweg?

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Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

Was ist ein Kinetoplast?

Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

PV transmission:

Typhoid fever

Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

PVR:

Epidemic typhus

Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

PVR:

Endemic typhus

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Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

PVR:

Tick borne typhus

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Exemplary flashcards for 1 VL IB at the Universität zu Lübeck on StudySmarter:

1 VL IB

A) Which lice are parasites of human? B) Which other animals do they infect/infest? C) Which role do the lice have in transmission?

Head lice, body lice and pubic lice are human parasites. Those three have humans as their only host. Other species of lice (3200 known) infect birds, dogs, cats and more, lice are species- specific. The human body louse can transmit disease, as it functions as the vector for Rickettsia

1 VL IB

Name two ectoparasites of the order true bugs (Hemiptera), connected disease and symptoms?

Assassin bug/kissing bug (Triatominae), Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are obligatory hematophagous (blood sucking).

Triatomine bugs can transmit Chagas disease/American trypanosomiasis, they are vectors for infectious organism Trypanosoma cruzi, acute Chagas disease => Romana´s sign, Symptomatic, chronic disease => Attacks nervous system, digestive system, heart

1 VL IB

Vectors of Dengue virus?

Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus

1 VL IB

Sleeping sickness: Other name, transmission, pathogen class?

Tse-tse flies transmit Kinetoplastida causing African trypanosomiasis = sleeping sickness

1 VL IB

Definition Parasite?

An organism that lives in/on another organism (host) and/or derives nutrients from the host. Parasites do not contribute to the survival (fitness) of the host.

1 VL IB

Nennen sie 3 wichtige virale Zoonosen, Vector and Reservoir beschreiben.

Yellow fever, Dengue fever and West Nile fever. Pathogens are three different Flaviviruses: Yellow Fever Virus, Dengue Virus and West Nile Virus. They get transmitted by mosquitoes (arthropod vectors, Culex for WNV and Aedes for DENV and YFV). Reservoir animals are monkeys for YFV and DENV and birds/horses for WNV.

1 VL IB

Example of zoonotic influenza virus that have recently caused human infections? Übertragungsweg?

Highly pathogenic avian Influenza A. Contact with poultry or wild birds can lead to infection with Influenza A (aerosol and direct contact)

1 VL IB

Was ist ein Kinetoplast?

A kinetoplast is a network of circular DNA (called kDNA) inside a large mitochondrion that contains many copies of the mitochondrial genome. The most common kinetoplast structure is a disk, but they have been observed in other arrangements. Kinetoplasts are only found in Excavata of the class Kinetoplastida. A kinetoplast is usually adjacent to the organism's flagellar basal body, suggesting that it is tightly bound to the cytoskeleton.

1 VL IB

PV transmission:

Typhoid fever

Salmonella typhi

house fly

Mechanical transmiss.

1 VL IB

PVR:

Epidemic typhus

Rickettsia prowazekii

lice on humans

unknown

1 VL IB

PVR:

Endemic typhus

Rickettsia typhi

fleas on rats

rats

1 VL IB

PVR:

Tick borne typhus

Rickettsia australis

ticks

unknown

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