Zytologie at Universität Würzburg

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Plasmamembran 


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Glykokalyx

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Proteine der Plasmamembran 

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Cotransporter

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Exportpumpe

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PUMPEN 

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Membranrezeptoren 

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Ektoenzyme 

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Microplicae 

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Mikrovilli

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Sterozilien 

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Kinozilien

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Exemplary flashcards for Zytologie at the Universität Würzburg on StudySmarter:

Zytologie

Plasmamembran 


Phospholipide, Sphingolipide, Glykolipide

nicht kovalente Bdg. 

Cholsterin: Fluidität

Zytologie

Glykokalyx

Oligosaccharide, Sialinsäuren 

Oligosaccharide der integralen Membranproteine

negative Ladung 

Erkennungsstelle für Zuckerbindende Proteine 

Antigen, AB0


Zytologie

Proteine der Plasmamembran 

Transmembranproteine: durchspannen Lipiddoppelschicht -> Stoffaustausch 


Lipidankerproteine: kovalente BIndung an einer Lipidlamelle, G-Protein; -> Signaltransduktion 


Periphere MP: Anlagerung an Transsmembranproteine, Bsp.: Spektrin 

Zytologie

Cotransporter

Symport oder Antiport

SEKUNDÄR AKTIVER TRANSPORT

Gradient einer Pumpe

Na-Glucse-Symp. im Darm

Na/H- Anti. im proximalen Nierentubulus

Zytologie

Exportpumpe

AKTIV

v.a. Darm und Lber 

Tumorzellen -> Zytostatikaresistenz 


Zytologie

PUMPEN 

PRIMÄR AKTIV 

Transport-ATPasen 

Na/K

Milieu (ca2+) 

Zytologie

Membranrezeptoren 

Bindung an Ligand

1. Durchlässigkeit wird verändert 

2. Reaktionskaskade -> Verstärkung des Signals 

Zytologie

Ektoenzyme 

Darm

Transmembranproteine, deren extrazell. Domäne Spaltung von Oligosacchariden und Oligopeptiden katalysieren 


Zytologie

Microplicae 

Aktinfilamente


niedrige faltneförmige Fortsätze am apikalen Pol 

Haftung eines Flüssigkeitsfilms


Oesophagus

Zytologie

Mikrovilli

Innengerüst: Aktin und Villin; 

Myosin 1: Heftung an PM

Myosin 2 und Spektrin: Netz in Zelle 


fingerförmige Fortsätze am apikalen Pol 

NICHT BEWEGLICH; STEIF 


-> Vergrößerung der Membranoberfläche (Kanäle, ...) 


in resorbierenden Epithelien: Enterozyten, proximaler Tubulus

Zytologie

Sterozilien 

Aktinfilamente 

NICHT EIGENBEWEGLICH

passiv beweglich in Samenwegen 

steif im Innenohr (Bewegungsssensoren) 

Zytologie

Kinozilien

MIKROTUBULI

Kinetosom 

Axonem: 9 Mikrotubuliketten im Zentrum 

Dynein und Nexin 


Eigenbewegung möglich 

Zilienschlag: Reinigung der Atemwege und Transport der Eizelle 


Atemwege, Eileiter, Ductuli efferentes, Haarzelle des Vestibularapperates

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