Introduction to English Linguistics at Universität Wien

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What is a word?

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What is the difference between intension and extension?

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

Who was Ferdinand de Saussure?
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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What is the difference between prescriptive vs descriptive?

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What is the difference between synchronic vs diachronic?

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What is the difference between langue vs parole?

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What is linguistics?
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Name the types of signs and their characteristics

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What is onomatopoeia?

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What are differences between human and animal language?

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What is semantics?
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What are the branches of linguistics?

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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is a word?
An arbitrary conventionalized sign stored in human mind (langue) or produced in speech (parole)

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is the difference between intension and extension?
Intension: set of semantic properties which are shared by all members the given word

extension: refers to class of entities to which an expression can be applied to, total number of things that can be referred to by a word

Introduction to English Linguistics

Who was Ferdinand de Saussure?
Linguists consider him the founder of modern linguistics
described prescriptive vs descriptive, synchronic vs diachronic, langue vs parole, signifier vs signified

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is the difference between prescriptive vs descriptive?
Prescriptive: rules of correctness
descriptive: how language is used everyday

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is the difference between synchronic vs diachronic?
Synchronic: studies language at a certain point of time
diachronic: studies language over a longer period of time

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is the difference between langue vs parole?
Langue: structure of an idealized language, mental knowledge that a speaker has stored in their brain
parole: language used by individuals, utterances at specific times 

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is linguistics?
Concerned with human language, with the ability to express ideas, scientific study of a language

Introduction to English Linguistics

Name the types of signs and their characteristics
Icons: form meaning relation is clear
index: form implies concept indirectly
symbol: form meaning relation is arbitrary

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is onomatopoeia?
When people imitate animal sounds

Introduction to English Linguistics

What are differences between human and animal language?
Animal language is fixed from birth, there are only a limited amount of sound they can produce
special properties of human language:
- reflexivity
- displacement
- arbitrariness
- productivity
- cultural transmission
- duality
- recursion

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is semantics?
study of signs

Introduction to English Linguistics

What are the branches of linguistics?
Phonetics, morphology, syntax, phonology, semantics

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