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Lernmaterialien für Approaching English Linguistics an der Universität Wien

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What is Proto-Indo-European?

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the hypothesized original form of a language that was the source of many languages in India and Europe

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What are the properties of language?

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features that have to be met for a communication system to be considered a language (originally 16 properties)

  1. Reflexivity
  2. Displacement
  3. Arbitrariness
  4. Cultural Transmission
  5. Productivity/Creativity/Open-endedness
  6. Recursion
  7. Variability
  8. Duality/double articulation
  9. Modularity
  10. Constituency
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What is reflexivity?

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a special property of human language; allows thinking and talking about language itself --> meta-property 

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What is displacement?

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a property of language that allows users to talk about things and events not present in the immediate environment 

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What is arbitrariness?

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a property of language that describes that there is no natural connection between a linguistic form and its meaning

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What is cultural transmission?

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a property of language; the process of passing on the knowledge of a language from one generation to the next

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What is productivity/creativity/open-endedness?

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a property of language that allows users to create new expressions

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What is recursion?

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the repeated application of a rule in generating structures; a finite set of linguistic resources can produce an infinite number of utterances

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What is variability?

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language can be varied according to the context and different modes of communication (online, letters,...), is influenced by knowledge on the topic

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What is duality/double articulation?

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a property of language whereby a small number of meaningless, but distinctive elements (distinct sounds) can combine into a large number of meaningful signs (distinct meanings) --> potentially infinite number of language sequences can be formed

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What is modularity?

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a property of language stating that language is modular (consists of subsystems that are coordinated)

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Define linguistics

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  • study of the elements of a language system
  • study of ways these elements can be meaningfully combined
  • study of how language is used with different functions in various communicative contexts
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Approaching English Linguistics Kurs an der Universität Wien - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What is Proto-Indo-European?

A:

the hypothesized original form of a language that was the source of many languages in India and Europe

Q:

What are the properties of language?

A:

features that have to be met for a communication system to be considered a language (originally 16 properties)

  1. Reflexivity
  2. Displacement
  3. Arbitrariness
  4. Cultural Transmission
  5. Productivity/Creativity/Open-endedness
  6. Recursion
  7. Variability
  8. Duality/double articulation
  9. Modularity
  10. Constituency
Q:

What is reflexivity?

A:

a special property of human language; allows thinking and talking about language itself --> meta-property 

Q:

What is displacement?

A:

a property of language that allows users to talk about things and events not present in the immediate environment 

Q:

What is arbitrariness?

A:

a property of language that describes that there is no natural connection between a linguistic form and its meaning

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Q:

What is cultural transmission?

A:

a property of language; the process of passing on the knowledge of a language from one generation to the next

Q:

What is productivity/creativity/open-endedness?

A:

a property of language that allows users to create new expressions

Q:

What is recursion?

A:

the repeated application of a rule in generating structures; a finite set of linguistic resources can produce an infinite number of utterances

Q:

What is variability?

A:

language can be varied according to the context and different modes of communication (online, letters,...), is influenced by knowledge on the topic

Q:

What is duality/double articulation?

A:

a property of language whereby a small number of meaningless, but distinctive elements (distinct sounds) can combine into a large number of meaningful signs (distinct meanings) --> potentially infinite number of language sequences can be formed

Q:

What is modularity?

A:

a property of language stating that language is modular (consists of subsystems that are coordinated)

Q:

Define linguistics

A:
  • study of the elements of a language system
  • study of ways these elements can be meaningfully combined
  • study of how language is used with different functions in various communicative contexts
Approaching English Linguistics

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