Teaching English P&P at Universität Siegen | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Teaching English P&P an der Universität Siegen

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Achievement test:

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- used to measure learners’ ability
- limited to a particular material addressed in a curriculum
- offered after the course has focused on the objectives
- can determine a diagnostic role but are mostly used to determine whether course objectives
have been met
- mostly summative
- can range from short quizzes to large exams

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Name the three types of test

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Achievement test:

Diagnostic test:

Proficiency test:

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Stage Model by R.V. White (1981)

Name the 5 steps

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How can we incorporate reading into a communicative language classroom? Teaching methods,
activities ... (page 101)

1. Arouse students‘ interest by linking topic to own experience / knowledge of the learners.
 Pre-reading / focusing questions help (ask them what the students
know/brainstorming)
2. Give points to search for in a text. (give them a text and let them search for a person of the
text)
3. Read.
4. Discussion of answers. (from stage 2.)
5. Develop into writing. (to connect it with other skills)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Teachers should help students develop their speaking competence by encouraging them to:

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

… use a wide range of core speaking skills
… develop a certain level of fluency
… use grammar flexibly
… use appropriate vocabulary
… use accurate language forms
… understand and use social and linguistic norms and conventions in different contexts
… increase their awareness of genre and its structures
… use discourse strategies
… increase their metacognitive awareness about speaking in L2
… manage and regulate their own speaking development


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Writing is a complex process, which involves a number of activities:


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

 setting goals
 generating ideas
 collecting and organizing information
 selecting appropriate language
 making a draft
 reading and reviewing
 revising and editing
 (formatting)
 Publishing

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Summative Assessment:

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- measures or summarizes what a student has grasped
- how well has a student accomplished objectives
- often involves evaluation
- used at a certain point in time

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Subskills

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Skimming

Intensive/close reading

Extensive reading

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Putting Reading into the classroom

Name aspects about it

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

1. Always put reading into context.
2. Reading is one part of a larger language task (never just about reading in one
session)
3. Gain interest
4. Teachers have to make students effective readers
5. Pre / while / post reading activities (use the text n several ways by preparing for the text and using the knowledge from the text)

 - Pre-reading activities
     • (speaking /writing) (by reflecting, brainstorming, etc.)
 - While-reading activities
    • (reading) (like fill in something)
 - Post-reading activities
     • (writing / listening / speaking) (like writing a letter to a friend about it, a speaking activity where there tell someone about it, etc.)
6. Combine skills
7. Make learners use top-down AND bottom-up strategies
8.Reading material needs to be
     - motivational
     - expedient
     - authentic

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Listening


Name different situations

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- listeners only (radio, podcast, etc.) 

- more complex interaction (conversation,
discussion, etc.)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Speaking is which type of skill?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Speaking is a productive, spoken skill

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Why is teaching reading important?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-First thing students do in secondary school ELT

-Different formats that students need to be able to read (reading a poem, a letter, a
newspaper, etc.)

-Different purposes of reading (get information, for plaguer)

-Is a highly personal skill (depending on the background knowledge, the things we associate,
the motivation


o Makes difficult to introduce reading in class

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the principles of teaching speaking?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- Make speaking part of your regular routine!!

- Base the activity on easy language
- Choose topic and tasks to stimulate interest
- Make students aware of activity purpose and underlying conditions to success
- Use communicative teaching material that enables speaking for everybody!
  o Examples:
      Communication games
      Group/pair work
      Problem solving
      Simulation / Role-Play
      Materials that require personal statements

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Q:

Achievement test:

A:

- used to measure learners’ ability
- limited to a particular material addressed in a curriculum
- offered after the course has focused on the objectives
- can determine a diagnostic role but are mostly used to determine whether course objectives
have been met
- mostly summative
- can range from short quizzes to large exams

Q:

Name the three types of test

A:

Achievement test:

Diagnostic test:

Proficiency test:

Q:

Stage Model by R.V. White (1981)

Name the 5 steps

A:

How can we incorporate reading into a communicative language classroom? Teaching methods,
activities ... (page 101)

1. Arouse students‘ interest by linking topic to own experience / knowledge of the learners.
 Pre-reading / focusing questions help (ask them what the students
know/brainstorming)
2. Give points to search for in a text. (give them a text and let them search for a person of the
text)
3. Read.
4. Discussion of answers. (from stage 2.)
5. Develop into writing. (to connect it with other skills)

Q:

Teachers should help students develop their speaking competence by encouraging them to:

A:

… use a wide range of core speaking skills
… develop a certain level of fluency
… use grammar flexibly
… use appropriate vocabulary
… use accurate language forms
… understand and use social and linguistic norms and conventions in different contexts
… increase their awareness of genre and its structures
… use discourse strategies
… increase their metacognitive awareness about speaking in L2
… manage and regulate their own speaking development


Q:

Writing is a complex process, which involves a number of activities:


A:

 setting goals
 generating ideas
 collecting and organizing information
 selecting appropriate language
 making a draft
 reading and reviewing
 revising and editing
 (formatting)
 Publishing

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Summative Assessment:

A:

- measures or summarizes what a student has grasped
- how well has a student accomplished objectives
- often involves evaluation
- used at a certain point in time

Q:

Subskills

A:

Skimming

Intensive/close reading

Extensive reading

Q:

Putting Reading into the classroom

Name aspects about it

A:

1. Always put reading into context.
2. Reading is one part of a larger language task (never just about reading in one
session)
3. Gain interest
4. Teachers have to make students effective readers
5. Pre / while / post reading activities (use the text n several ways by preparing for the text and using the knowledge from the text)

 - Pre-reading activities
     • (speaking /writing) (by reflecting, brainstorming, etc.)
 - While-reading activities
    • (reading) (like fill in something)
 - Post-reading activities
     • (writing / listening / speaking) (like writing a letter to a friend about it, a speaking activity where there tell someone about it, etc.)
6. Combine skills
7. Make learners use top-down AND bottom-up strategies
8.Reading material needs to be
     - motivational
     - expedient
     - authentic

Q:

Listening


Name different situations

A:

- listeners only (radio, podcast, etc.) 

- more complex interaction (conversation,
discussion, etc.)

Q:

Speaking is which type of skill?

A:

Speaking is a productive, spoken skill

Q:

Why is teaching reading important?

A:

-First thing students do in secondary school ELT

-Different formats that students need to be able to read (reading a poem, a letter, a
newspaper, etc.)

-Different purposes of reading (get information, for plaguer)

-Is a highly personal skill (depending on the background knowledge, the things we associate,
the motivation


o Makes difficult to introduce reading in class

Q:

What are the principles of teaching speaking?

A:

- Make speaking part of your regular routine!!

- Base the activity on easy language
- Choose topic and tasks to stimulate interest
- Make students aware of activity purpose and underlying conditions to success
- Use communicative teaching material that enables speaking for everybody!
  o Examples:
      Communication games
      Group/pair work
      Problem solving
      Simulation / Role-Play
      Materials that require personal statements

Teaching English P&P

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