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Lernmaterialien für CSCL an der Universität Siegen

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen CSCL Kurs an der Universität Siegen zu.

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What is criticism about Constructionism?

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- The learning experience with computers target control of the world

- Absence of bodily and sensual experience

- Absence of social compoetencies 

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What is Constructionism?

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- Simon Papert at MIT 

- construction of knowledge based on experiences

- construction of meaningful artifacts for learn support

- Learning is supported by computer-based construction of learning tools


Hypothesis: computer offer opportunities for self-determined and free learning

We need a new didactical approach for computer-based learning  


=> Therefore "computer science" inappropriate because it does not exploit potentials for creativity

- should be part of school subjects

- using computers to explore problems and present solutions to others



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How works communication in Constructivist?
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Not Transport of information
But efford to make oneself understood
Success depends on others inner state
Best Case structural coupling
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What are autopoietic systems?

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- Maturana

- living Systems: autopoietc vs dead Systems: allopoietic

- Differentiation in biological and cognitive systems

- Attributes of autopoietic systems: operational closness


no determination of systems by the environment

self-organizing systems


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are basic positions of behaviorism?

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- the learner is a black box 

- the learning happens as adoption of stimulus-response patterns

- consequences and re-inforcements, deriving from a certain behaviour lead to learn effects

- computers are suitable media for that

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the learning concept from Yasmin Kafai?

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- project oriented learning schools

- pupils work on a project in mixed-age teams

- results of project work are presented to younger pupils

- learning software as a medium for presentation of results

- learning software is constructed by project teams

microworlds logo as programming environment

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What says Vygotsky about Language and Thinking?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- Language and thoughts primarly develop separately -> its an interplay first we think without words

- social interactions play a central role for mental development

- in age about two years they meet: behavior arises

  • thoughts are verbalised
  • language becomes rational

- cognitive development is determined by interplay between language and thoughts


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is classical conditioning?

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learning of elementary stimuli like happiness or fear

 

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What is Anchored Learning 

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- core idea: anchoring tasks in more meaningful context

 -> motivates to learn

-> controls attention of learner


Exmpl: 20min CD production with adventures of Jasper Woodbury

- learning in an action adventure

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are basic assumptions of situated learning?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Human acting is situated in social context
  • not: the result of the cognitive process of isolated individual
  • Certain nearness to behaviorism -> external stimulant of human learning
  • But: great importance of symbolic interaction (finding, communication and negotiation)
  • looking for structures and usefulness
  • process of interaction between humans are based on individual actions
  • interaction turns human attention to certain things
  • existence of spontaneity and creativity
  • social reality is not independent of humans
  • knowledge not stored in people and cannot be retrieved from the mind
  • is newly constructed in every situation
  • simple knowledge transfer is not possible
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what is Lucy Suchman: Plans and situated Actions

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- study of user behavior with photocopiers

Differentiation:

  •  a cognitive representative plans: illustration of the menu
  • situated actions: reaction to concrete handling of an instrument

Resuts:

  • Behavior of the user cannot solely  derived from plans
  • human acting is just explainable through embedding in concrete social contexts
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is ZPD?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- The Zone of Proximal Development differences between current development and activities that children do with external help


External help leads activity without hard interventions

Scaffolding: giving a frame

-> help by peers


ZPD: describes a mechanism of socio-cultural learning

-> activating of internal development possibilites

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  • 61626 Karteikarten
  • 1773 Studierende
  • 133 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen CSCL Kurs an der Universität Siegen - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What is criticism about Constructionism?

A:

- The learning experience with computers target control of the world

- Absence of bodily and sensual experience

- Absence of social compoetencies 

Q:

What is Constructionism?

A:

- Simon Papert at MIT 

- construction of knowledge based on experiences

- construction of meaningful artifacts for learn support

- Learning is supported by computer-based construction of learning tools


Hypothesis: computer offer opportunities for self-determined and free learning

We need a new didactical approach for computer-based learning  


=> Therefore "computer science" inappropriate because it does not exploit potentials for creativity

- should be part of school subjects

- using computers to explore problems and present solutions to others



Q:
How works communication in Constructivist?
A:
Not Transport of information
But efford to make oneself understood
Success depends on others inner state
Best Case structural coupling
Q:

What are autopoietic systems?

A:

- Maturana

- living Systems: autopoietc vs dead Systems: allopoietic

- Differentiation in biological and cognitive systems

- Attributes of autopoietic systems: operational closness


no determination of systems by the environment

self-organizing systems


Q:

What are basic positions of behaviorism?

A:

- the learner is a black box 

- the learning happens as adoption of stimulus-response patterns

- consequences and re-inforcements, deriving from a certain behaviour lead to learn effects

- computers are suitable media for that

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What is the learning concept from Yasmin Kafai?

A:

- project oriented learning schools

- pupils work on a project in mixed-age teams

- results of project work are presented to younger pupils

- learning software as a medium for presentation of results

- learning software is constructed by project teams

microworlds logo as programming environment

Q:

What says Vygotsky about Language and Thinking?

A:

- Language and thoughts primarly develop separately -> its an interplay first we think without words

- social interactions play a central role for mental development

- in age about two years they meet: behavior arises

  • thoughts are verbalised
  • language becomes rational

- cognitive development is determined by interplay between language and thoughts


Q:

What is classical conditioning?

A:

learning of elementary stimuli like happiness or fear

 

Q:

What is Anchored Learning 

A:

- core idea: anchoring tasks in more meaningful context

 -> motivates to learn

-> controls attention of learner


Exmpl: 20min CD production with adventures of Jasper Woodbury

- learning in an action adventure

Q:

What are basic assumptions of situated learning?

A:
  • Human acting is situated in social context
  • not: the result of the cognitive process of isolated individual
  • Certain nearness to behaviorism -> external stimulant of human learning
  • But: great importance of symbolic interaction (finding, communication and negotiation)
  • looking for structures and usefulness
  • process of interaction between humans are based on individual actions
  • interaction turns human attention to certain things
  • existence of spontaneity and creativity
  • social reality is not independent of humans
  • knowledge not stored in people and cannot be retrieved from the mind
  • is newly constructed in every situation
  • simple knowledge transfer is not possible
Q:

what is Lucy Suchman: Plans and situated Actions

A:

- study of user behavior with photocopiers

Differentiation:

  •  a cognitive representative plans: illustration of the menu
  • situated actions: reaction to concrete handling of an instrument

Resuts:

  • Behavior of the user cannot solely  derived from plans
  • human acting is just explainable through embedding in concrete social contexts
Q:

What is ZPD?

A:

- The Zone of Proximal Development differences between current development and activities that children do with external help


External help leads activity without hard interventions

Scaffolding: giving a frame

-> help by peers


ZPD: describes a mechanism of socio-cultural learning

-> activating of internal development possibilites

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