CSCL at Universität Siegen

Flashcards and summaries for CSCL at the Universität Siegen

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What are basic positions of behaviorism?

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What experiment is Iwan Pawlow famous for?

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What is Iwan Pawlow famous for?

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Exemplary flashcards for CSCL at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

What is Neo Behaviorism?

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What are autopoietic systems?

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What is Constructionism?

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What is criticism about Constructionism?

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Exemplary flashcards for CSCL at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

What is classical conditioning?

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What is the learning concept from Yasmin Kafai?

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What are basic assumptions of situated learning?

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what is Lucy Suchman: Plans and situated Actions

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What is Anchored Learning 

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Exemplary flashcards for CSCL at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

CSCL

What are basic positions of behaviorism?

- the learner is a black box 

- the learning happens as adoption of stimulus-response patterns

- consequences and re-inforcements, deriving from a certain behaviour lead to learn effects

- computers are suitable media for that

CSCL

What experiment is Iwan Pawlow famous for?

- experiment with a dog that emits salvia while getting food

- every time bell rings dog learns he gets food

CSCL

What is Iwan Pawlow famous for?

- pioneer of school of reflexology

- key-research vegetative nervous systems

- experiment classical conditioning

CSCL

What is Neo Behaviorism?

- Focus on processes, occurring between stimulus and response

- Focus on cognitive processes as intervening variables

- Separation between learning and performing of the learned behavior

- Learning can happen without implementation of learned contents into visible behavior

- learning can occur in bigger units as: stimulus response

Latent learning: Acquiring knowledge without using it

CSCL

What are autopoietic systems?

- Maturana

- living Systems: autopoietc vs dead Systems: allopoietic

- Differentiation in biological and cognitive systems

- Attributes of autopoietic systems: operational closness


no determination of systems by the environment

self-organizing systems


CSCL

What is Constructionism?

- Simon Papert at MIT 

- construction of knowledge based on experiences

- construction of meaningful artifacts for learn support

- Learning is supported by computer-based construction of learning tools


Hypothesis: computer offer opportunities for self-determined and free learning

We need a new didactical approach for computer-based learning  


=> Therefore "computer science" inappropriate because it does not exploit potentials for creativity

- should be part of school subjects

- using computers to explore problems and present solutions to others



CSCL

What is criticism about Constructionism?

- The learning experience with computers target control of the world

- Absence of bodily and sensual experience

- Absence of social compoetencies 

CSCL

What is classical conditioning?

learning of elementary stimuli like happiness or fear

 

CSCL

What is the learning concept from Yasmin Kafai?

- project oriented learning schools

- pupils work on a project in mixed-age teams

- results of project work are presented to younger pupils

- learning software as a medium for presentation of results

- learning software is constructed by project teams

microworlds logo as programming environment

CSCL

What are basic assumptions of situated learning?

  • Human acting is situated in social context
  • not: the result of the cognitive process of isolated individual
  • Certain nearness to behaviorism -> external stimulant of human learning
  • But: great importance of symbolic interaction (finding, communication and negotiation)
  • looking for structures and usefulness
  • process of interaction between humans are based on individual actions
  • interaction turns human attention to certain things
  • existence of spontaneity and creativity
  • social reality is not independent of humans
  • knowledge not stored in people and cannot be retrieved from the mind
  • is newly constructed in every situation
  • simple knowledge transfer is not possible

CSCL

what is Lucy Suchman: Plans and situated Actions

- study of user behavior with photocopiers

Differentiation:

  •  a cognitive representative plans: illustration of the menu
  • situated actions: reaction to concrete handling of an instrument

Resuts:

  • Behavior of the user cannot solely  derived from plans
  • human acting is just explainable through embedding in concrete social contexts

CSCL

What is Anchored Learning 

- core idea: anchoring tasks in more meaningful context

 -> motivates to learn

-> controls attention of learner


Exmpl: 20min CD production with adventures of Jasper Woodbury

- learning in an action adventure

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