CSCL by Depe at Universität Siegen

Flashcards and summaries for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen

Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

What are technical challenges with mobile learning? p.47

Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

What are social and educational challenges with mobile learning p.48

Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Gestalt Laws

Name & description

Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Gestalt Theory: Main Theses

What is the decisive gain in knowledge of shape theory studies, what have they proven?

Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Cognitivism - Basics: Information Processing

What is the basic principle of information processing? Please describe in 4-5 sentences what happens and how we learn.


Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Objectivistic Approach/Learning Theory

What is meant by "objectivistic" (or sometimes also positivistic) learning theories?

Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Constructivistic Approaches

How do the roles of teaching and learning change in constructivism?

Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Intelligent Tutorial Systems Definition

What distinguishes a simple teaching / learning system from an intelligent tutoring system?

Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Mobile Learning Design Problems

What challenges / problems do you expect when designing for mobile learning?

Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Socio-cultural approaches/learning theory

What are the main features of a socio-cultural approach to learning?


Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Motivation to learn in CoP

Where does the motivation of an individual come from to learn in a practice community?

Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Organizational Measures to support

CoPs

  • What should I do as an employer to support/promote my employees' learning in practice groups?
  • Which opportunities does the management of organisations have to foster the development of Communities of Practice?

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Exemplary flashcards for CSCL by Depe at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

CSCL by Depe

What are technical challenges with mobile learning? p.47

- battery life and connectivity needed

- screen size and key size

- ability for authors to visualize mobile phones for delivery

- meet required bandwidth for streaming

- content security

- standardization of phones

- reworking of e-learning material

CSCL by Depe

What are social and educational challenges with mobile learning p.48

- accessibility and cost barriers for end users

- how to access learning outside a classroom?

- support learning across many contexts

- content security or pirating issues

- frequent changes 

- developing theory needed

...

CSCL by Depe

❗️Gestalt Laws

Name & description

  • Law of simplicity (Prägnanz)
    Every stimulus pattern is seen in such way that the resulting structure is as simple as possible
  • Law of similarity
    Similar things (in form, colour, size, etc) appear as related groups
  • Law of the continued solid line
    Points seen as straight or slightly curved lines (if they are connected) are perceived as related.
  • Law of proximity
    Things which are close together are perceived as related.
  • Law of familiarity
    Things form groups more likely when the groups appear familiar or when they mean something
  • Figure-ground separation

CSCL by Depe

❗️Gestalt Theory: Main Theses

What is the decisive gain in knowledge of shape theory studies, what have they proven?

  • That humans are not perceiving a specific stimuli as-is, but always in the context of other stimuli in the environment
  • Gestalt laws = rules according to which individual stimuli merge into a figure (Gestalt)
  • "The whole is more than the sum of ist parts“

CSCL by Depe

❗️Cognitivism - Basics: Information Processing

What is the basic principle of information processing? Please describe in 4-5 sentences what happens and how we learn.


  • Information processing as a synthesis of
    • Evaluation of incoming information: what is important? what is not?
    • We do selective perception, we select important/relevant stimuli
    • We connect what we just learned with stored experiences in cognitive schemes
  • Subsumption in existing categories or construction of new categories

CSCL by Depe

❗️Objectivistic Approach/Learning Theory

What is meant by "objectivistic" (or sometimes also positivistic) learning theories?

  • Konwledge represents objective, existing facts
  • Knowledge can be transmitted from the teacher to the learners
  • Medium & tools of knowledge transfer has to be properly designed by teachers
  • Decomposition and simplification of contents
  • Decontextualisation of contents

CSCL by Depe

❗️Constructivistic Approaches

How do the roles of teaching and learning change in constructivism?

  • Knowledge is actively constructed by the learner
  • Information from teacher can support construction by learner
  • Media and tools should be constructed by learners
  • Solving complex problems in their real context
  • Allowing for different learning styles and individual perspectives
  • Facilitating group discussions

CSCL by Depe

❗️Intelligent Tutorial Systems Definition

What distinguishes a simple teaching / learning system from an intelligent tutoring system?

  • Intelligent tutoring system is an application of techniques of artificial intelligence (AI) to learning systems.
  • System behaves dynamically based on the state of particular models.
  • Dynamic system behavior is determined via algorithm

CSCL by Depe

Mobile Learning Design Problems

What challenges / problems do you expect when designing for mobile learning?

  • Technical challenges
    • Connectivity & battery life
    • Screen size & key size
    • Number of file/assets' formats supported by a specific device
  • Social & educational challenges
    • Accessibility and cost barriers for end users
    • How to assess learning outside the classroom
    • How to support learning across many contexts
    • Content's security (or) pirating issues
    • Frequent changes in device models/technologies/functionality etc.
    • Developing an appropriate theory of learning for the mobile age
    • Design of technology to support a lifetime of learning
    • Tracking of results and proper use of this information
    • No restriction on learning timetable

CSCL by Depe

❗️Socio-cultural approaches/learning theory

What are the main features of a socio-cultural approach to learning?


  • Knowledge results from the allocation of meaning in communities of practice)
  • Teachers can support the building of communities (practice, language, tool usage, norms and values)
  • Solving complex problems
  • Solving problems in the real context
  • Create possibilities of legitimate peripheral participation (e.g. Cognitive Apprenticeship)

CSCL by Depe

❗️Motivation to learn in CoP

Where does the motivation of an individual come from to learn in a practice community?

  • Aim of learning: Sharing in a practice community, not primarily an object to be learned
  • Members participate because of the offered value by the community of practice
  • They want to be affiliated to the practice community

CSCL by Depe

❗️Organizational Measures to support

CoPs

  • What should I do as an employer to support/promote my employees' learning in practice groups?
  • Which opportunities does the management of organisations have to foster the development of Communities of Practice?
  • Legitimize the participation of CoP (official recognition)
  • Negotiate strategical meaning of the CoPs
  • Unite existing forms of the practice
  • Adjust reward system suitably (incentives)
  • Offering support occasionally in form of external experts, travel expenses, conference rooms & community systems (resources, tools/platform, education/qualification)

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