A&O Psychology at Universität Siegen

Flashcards and summaries for A&O Psychology at the Universität Siegen

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course A&O Psychology at the Universität Siegen

Exemplary flashcards for A&O Psychology at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Work & Industrial-organizational (I/O) Psychology

Exemplary flashcards for A&O Psychology at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Why Work & I/O Psychology; why employment with A & O Psychology may be useful for your degree program

Exemplary flashcards for A&O Psychology at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Theories in Psychology

Please name 4 psychological theories

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Definition of mini theories in Psychology

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Emerging theories in Psychology

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❗️Definition of organization

How do you define an organization, what are defining characteristics?

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❗️Pros of Taylorism

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❗️Cons of Taylorism

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Bureaucratization

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❗️Pros of Bureaucratic Organization

Exemplary flashcards for A&O Psychology at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

❗️Cons of Bureaucratic Organization

Exemplary flashcards for A&O Psychology at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Humanistic Theory

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Exemplary flashcards for A&O Psychology at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

A&O Psychology

❗️Work & Industrial-organizational (I/O) Psychology

Industrial-organizational (I/O) psychology is the scientific study of the employees, workplaces, and organizations.

Industrial and organizational psychologists contribute to an organization's success by improving the performance and well-being of its people.

A&O Psychology

❗️Why Work & I/O Psychology; why employment with A & O Psychology may be useful for your degree program

Information Systems and HCI are design sciences:

- Designing technical artifacts for social practice

- Intervention into life of users and social systems

IS and HCI are applied to social/organizational practice

e.g. buyers, clients, customers, contractors                                                

We are organization members ourselves:

Working for a company, running a company, belonging to a network/community etc.

A&O Psychology

❗️Theories in Psychology

Please name 4 psychological theories

  • Behaviourism, Cognitivism
  • Pragmatism, Constructivism
  • Socio-cultural theories
  • Neurological theories
  • Philosophical theories
  • Political theories, ecological theories
  • Economical theories, game theories
  • Learning Theories, evolutionary and development theories
  • Epistemological and methodological theories

A&O Psychology

Definition of mini theories in Psychology

Empirically derived small explanations of single aspects of a certain behaviour

Adaptation of Grand Theories’ fragments

A&O Psychology

Emerging theories in Psychology

Compositions of mini-theories and other disciplines’ approaches

  • Vigotsky’s Socio-cultural theory
  • Tajfel’s Social Identity Theory

A&O Psychology

❗️Definition of organization

How do you define an organization, what are defining characteristics?

  • Social unit of people, systematically structured
  • Pursue collective goals on a continuing basis
  • All have management structure that
    • determines relationships between function & position
    • subdivides
    • delegates roles, responsibility & authority to carry out defined tasks
  • Open systems that affect/are affected by environment


A&O Psychology

❗️Pros of Taylorism

  • Efficiency and productivity for industrial production
  • With Scientific Task Analysis, company improved efficiency by cutting out unimportant steps
  • Helps adjust workload for the workers so that they are not overworked
  • Improved Health of the workers

A&O Psychology

❗️Cons of Taylorism

  • Monotonous & repeated task which can decrease motivation of the workers 
  • Workers are exchangeable, because they do small tasks and manual activities.
  • De-qualification and dis-satisfaction from workers

A&O Psychology

Bureaucratization

  • Central mechanism of rationalization of modern society
  • Solves the problem of favoritism and nepotism

A&O Psychology

❗️Pros of Bureaucratic Organization

  • Improves Organizational Efficiency
  • Improves objectivity/rationality of

    organization, structure and

    processes

  • Supports planning and control/management rationales

  • Supports accountability

A&O Psychology

❗️Cons of Bureaucratic Organization

  • De-personalization, de-humanization of workers
  • Goal displacement

    (bureaucracy as l‘art pour

    l‘art, bureaucracy as bureaucracy's sake)

  • Disappearance of individual

    responsibility

  • Inflexibility due to rigid structure

A&O Psychology

Humanistic Theory

Organisation and Management can be

characterized by the relationship between Theory X and Theory Y

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A&O Psychologie

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