American Constitutional Law at Universität Münster | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für American Constitutional Law an der Universität Münster

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Republikanismus

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Republicanism

  • Representative government 
  • People elect the decision makers
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Gegenseitige Kontrolle

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Checks and Balances: Each Branch (Legislative, Executive, Judical) is given a power. But to exercise their Powers, they need the cooperation from another Branch

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

​Föderalismus


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Federalism: shared power between a national (federal) and a state government 

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Gewaltenteilung
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Separation of Power: vesting powers in different branches of government: 

  • Legislative 
  • Executive
  • Judical
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Volkssuveränität 

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Popular Sovereignty: Government of the People, by the People, for the People 

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7 Years War (1763)

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  • Wars between these great powers (France, Spain, England) spilled over from Europe into the “New World,” the most important of these being the so-called Seven Years War.
  • After the British defeated the French in this war, England took over much of France’s territory in the east part of the continent.
  • During this war, colonists obtained valuable military training that they would later use to defeat the British in the American Revolution (13 years later)
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Stamp Act (1756) 

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  • This war cost England a lot of money, and to recoup some of that debt, England imposed taxes on the colonists.
  • Every paper needed to be stamped
  • Colonists were not allowed to spread there Land anymore into the West and the native Territory 
  • Second Meeting of the colonies: No taxation without representation (in London parliament) 

=> Boycott of English Products 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Tea Act (1773)


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Crown tries to install tea monopoly for British Companies in the colonies 
  • Boston Tea Party: Dumping boats full of British tea into the sea 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Restraining Acts 1775

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  • ntolerable Act in all other colonies Each time England imposed a tax, the colonist responded with boycotts or worse.
  • England grew tired of the boycotts and started imposing more severe penalties on the colonists, including stripping them of self-government.
  • British send more troups: Prelude of War 
    • British Seized the colonists Weapon 
    • First Clash: Lexigton and Concord when British tried to destroy weapons 
  • The colonies responded by increasingly working together, forming something called the Continental Congress.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Intolerable Acts (1774)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • British closed port of Boston, Massechuset Governmet and courts under control of Parliament, and Bostonians had to house British Soldiers 
  • Colonists Response: Continental Association: another boycott and form of continental Association 
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2. Continental Congress 

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  • Forming an Army: Building a congress that can install an Army (more joint action) 
  • Obtain loans
  • Issue money
  • NO power to tax 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Begrenzte Regierung

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Limited Government 

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  • 288486 Karteikarten
  • 4743 Studierende
  • 106 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen American Constitutional Law Kurs an der Universität Münster - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Republikanismus

A:

Republicanism

  • Representative government 
  • People elect the decision makers
Q:

Gegenseitige Kontrolle

A:

Checks and Balances: Each Branch (Legislative, Executive, Judical) is given a power. But to exercise their Powers, they need the cooperation from another Branch

Q:

​Föderalismus


A:

Federalism: shared power between a national (federal) and a state government 

Q:


Gewaltenteilung
A:

Separation of Power: vesting powers in different branches of government: 

  • Legislative 
  • Executive
  • Judical
Q:

Volkssuveränität 

A:

Popular Sovereignty: Government of the People, by the People, for the People 

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

7 Years War (1763)

A:
  • Wars between these great powers (France, Spain, England) spilled over from Europe into the “New World,” the most important of these being the so-called Seven Years War.
  • After the British defeated the French in this war, England took over much of France’s territory in the east part of the continent.
  • During this war, colonists obtained valuable military training that they would later use to defeat the British in the American Revolution (13 years later)
Q:

Stamp Act (1756) 

A:
  • This war cost England a lot of money, and to recoup some of that debt, England imposed taxes on the colonists.
  • Every paper needed to be stamped
  • Colonists were not allowed to spread there Land anymore into the West and the native Territory 
  • Second Meeting of the colonies: No taxation without representation (in London parliament) 

=> Boycott of English Products 

Q:

Tea Act (1773)


A:
  • Crown tries to install tea monopoly for British Companies in the colonies 
  • Boston Tea Party: Dumping boats full of British tea into the sea 
Q:

Restraining Acts 1775

A:
  • ntolerable Act in all other colonies Each time England imposed a tax, the colonist responded with boycotts or worse.
  • England grew tired of the boycotts and started imposing more severe penalties on the colonists, including stripping them of self-government.
  • British send more troups: Prelude of War 
    • British Seized the colonists Weapon 
    • First Clash: Lexigton and Concord when British tried to destroy weapons 
  • The colonies responded by increasingly working together, forming something called the Continental Congress.
Q:

Intolerable Acts (1774)

A:
  • British closed port of Boston, Massechuset Governmet and courts under control of Parliament, and Bostonians had to house British Soldiers 
  • Colonists Response: Continental Association: another boycott and form of continental Association 
Q:

2. Continental Congress 

A:
  • Forming an Army: Building a congress that can install an Army (more joint action) 
  • Obtain loans
  • Issue money
  • NO power to tax 
Q:

Begrenzte Regierung

A:

Limited Government 

American Constitutional Law

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