Englisch at Universität Mainz | Flashcards & Summaries

Select your language

Suggested languages for you:
Log In Start studying!

Lernmaterialien für Englisch an der Universität Mainz

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Englisch Kurs an der Universität Mainz zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Phonetics
Definition
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- Articulatary Phonetics (articulation of speech sound)
- Acoustic Phonetics (acoustic properties of speech sounds)
- Auditory Phonetics (perception of speech sounds by the hearer)

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is linguistics?

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Linguistic is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of language. It looks at how language works as a system and how human beings use language to do things.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Notion of Grammar
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
-Prescriptive vs. descriptive (objective) approaches to 
grammar:
  • Prescriptive approach:
- How language must be used
- Proscribe bad language use
(Rule: You should never split an infinitive (basic form of a verb)
-> in linguistic reality, infinitives are splitted)
  • Descriptive approach:
- Describe how speakers use their language
- Use language in different ways

-> CLASH

- how language should be used vs. how it is used:
  • Grammaticality (Judgement of grammaticality: linguistic structures possible according to rules in a certain language)
  • & Acceptability (Speakers‘ intuition about well-formendes of sentences in the language)


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Impositions (for an appropriate politeness strategy)
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- social distance between speaker & addressee
- power relation between speaker & addressee
- ratio of imposition

-> these 3 come together & make you choose the most appropriate linguistic strategy in order to redress your face threat
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
FLA ( First Language Aquisition)
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Depends on two factors:

- Nature = Humans are capable of naturally aquiring language
- Nurture = it heavily depends on the input babies get in their   earliest months
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Function of Language 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
-Amotive/expressive function (-> Sender):
= Function associated with the  speaker 

- Appellative function (-> Receiver, addressee)
= in order to give the  recipient commands

- Referential Function ( -> referent/context)
= in order to make a statement about an extra linguistic entitiy (the earth revolves  around the sun)

- Phatic function (-> channel)
= in order to make sure the channel is still intact (mhm, ah, etc)

- Poetic function (-> message)
= in order to put particular focus on the message itself by overstructuring the message, in order to raise the addressee‘s attention ( Have a break, have a KitKat)

- Metalingual function (-> code)
= whether if code is efficient enough or if necessary, refine it (put sth in different terms)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Pragmatics
Definition
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Language use in Action/actual conversations 
  • studies the meaning of words/sentences in context 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Language and thought : Sapir - Whorf - Hypothesis
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Language determines how we perceive the world

- Linguistic determinism (strong version)
= Language determines thought (-> Language & its structures limit our perception of the world)

- Linguistic relativism (weak version)
= Language influences thought (-> Influences our perception of the world)

- Language as a filter
= Differences are either noticed or not (dictated by the Language we use, e.g. We have a few words for „snow“, Innuits have hundreds of words related to snow, bc. they have different perspections of snow versions)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What Parameters are important when it comes to teaching Pronunciation?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

„The“                                                           Parameters
tongue behind  teeth‘.                     Place of articulation
                                                                    (Dental = involving your teeth)
blow air through teeth‘.                     Manner of articulation
                                                                    (fricative = Reibelaute)
make humming noice‘.                     Voicedness
                                                                    (Voiced)

[The] is a voices interdental fricative

-> These 3 parameters come into play in the articulation of consonantal sounds

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Properties of Human Language
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Displacement
= things that are absent in the here & now communicative scenario

- Arbitrariness
= Beliebigkeit, doesn‘t show a natural motivated connection to the things that are referred to, by language

- Productivity
= linked to metalinguistic function of language ( extend our codes by applying word formation rules)

- Cultural Transmission
= we learn language within the culture we are born into ( animals learn language instinctively)

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Syntax
Definition
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Description of sentence structure
  • seeks To State the rule System of a given Language
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How are speech sounds produced?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Pulmonic egressive air stream
= air stream that we produce in order to talk
-> mechanism that we don‘t have to think about consciously

- Larynx (Kehlkopf)
   - vocal folds (Stimmbänder):   
      - voiceless sounds -> vocal folds apart (breathing)
      - voiced sounds -> vocal folds clsoe together

- Vocal tract 
   - nasal & oral cavity (passively or actively involved)


Lösung ausblenden
  • 252318 Karteikarten
  • 3854 Studierende
  • 134 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Englisch Kurs an der Universität Mainz - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Phonetics
Definition
A:

- Articulatary Phonetics (articulation of speech sound)
- Acoustic Phonetics (acoustic properties of speech sounds)
- Auditory Phonetics (perception of speech sounds by the hearer)

Q:

What is linguistics?

A:

Linguistic is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of language. It looks at how language works as a system and how human beings use language to do things.

Q:
Notion of Grammar
A:
-Prescriptive vs. descriptive (objective) approaches to 
grammar:
  • Prescriptive approach:
- How language must be used
- Proscribe bad language use
(Rule: You should never split an infinitive (basic form of a verb)
-> in linguistic reality, infinitives are splitted)
  • Descriptive approach:
- Describe how speakers use their language
- Use language in different ways

-> CLASH

- how language should be used vs. how it is used:
  • Grammaticality (Judgement of grammaticality: linguistic structures possible according to rules in a certain language)
  • & Acceptability (Speakers‘ intuition about well-formendes of sentences in the language)


Q:
Impositions (for an appropriate politeness strategy)
A:
- social distance between speaker & addressee
- power relation between speaker & addressee
- ratio of imposition

-> these 3 come together & make you choose the most appropriate linguistic strategy in order to redress your face threat
Q:
FLA ( First Language Aquisition)
A:
Depends on two factors:

- Nature = Humans are capable of naturally aquiring language
- Nurture = it heavily depends on the input babies get in their   earliest months
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Function of Language 
A:
-Amotive/expressive function (-> Sender):
= Function associated with the  speaker 

- Appellative function (-> Receiver, addressee)
= in order to give the  recipient commands

- Referential Function ( -> referent/context)
= in order to make a statement about an extra linguistic entitiy (the earth revolves  around the sun)

- Phatic function (-> channel)
= in order to make sure the channel is still intact (mhm, ah, etc)

- Poetic function (-> message)
= in order to put particular focus on the message itself by overstructuring the message, in order to raise the addressee‘s attention ( Have a break, have a KitKat)

- Metalingual function (-> code)
= whether if code is efficient enough or if necessary, refine it (put sth in different terms)
Q:
Pragmatics
Definition
A:
  • Language use in Action/actual conversations 
  • studies the meaning of words/sentences in context 
Q:
Language and thought : Sapir - Whorf - Hypothesis
A:
Language determines how we perceive the world

- Linguistic determinism (strong version)
= Language determines thought (-> Language & its structures limit our perception of the world)

- Linguistic relativism (weak version)
= Language influences thought (-> Influences our perception of the world)

- Language as a filter
= Differences are either noticed or not (dictated by the Language we use, e.g. We have a few words for „snow“, Innuits have hundreds of words related to snow, bc. they have different perspections of snow versions)
Q:
What Parameters are important when it comes to teaching Pronunciation?
A:

„The“                                                           Parameters
tongue behind  teeth‘.                     Place of articulation
                                                                    (Dental = involving your teeth)
blow air through teeth‘.                     Manner of articulation
                                                                    (fricative = Reibelaute)
make humming noice‘.                     Voicedness
                                                                    (Voiced)

[The] is a voices interdental fricative

-> These 3 parameters come into play in the articulation of consonantal sounds

Q:
Properties of Human Language
A:
- Displacement
= things that are absent in the here & now communicative scenario

- Arbitrariness
= Beliebigkeit, doesn‘t show a natural motivated connection to the things that are referred to, by language

- Productivity
= linked to metalinguistic function of language ( extend our codes by applying word formation rules)

- Cultural Transmission
= we learn language within the culture we are born into ( animals learn language instinctively)

Q:
Syntax
Definition
A:
  • Description of sentence structure
  • seeks To State the rule System of a given Language
Q:
How are speech sounds produced?
A:
- Pulmonic egressive air stream
= air stream that we produce in order to talk
-> mechanism that we don‘t have to think about consciously

- Larynx (Kehlkopf)
   - vocal folds (Stimmbänder):   
      - voiceless sounds -> vocal folds apart (breathing)
      - voiced sounds -> vocal folds clsoe together

- Vocal tract 
   - nasal & oral cavity (passively or actively involved)


Englisch

Erstelle und finde Lernmaterialien auf StudySmarter.

Greife kostenlos auf tausende geteilte Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Altklausuren und mehr zu.

Jetzt loslegen

Das sind die beliebtesten StudySmarter Kurse für deinen Studiengang Englisch an der Universität Mainz

Für deinen Studiengang Englisch an der Universität Mainz gibt es bereits viele Kurse, die von deinen Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt wurden. Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Altklausuren, Übungsaufgaben und mehr warten auf dich!

Das sind die beliebtesten Englisch Kurse im gesamten StudySmarter Universum

ENGLISCH

Technische Hochschule Nürnberg

Zum Kurs
englisch

Universität Koblenz-Landau

Zum Kurs
Englisch

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Zum Kurs

Die all-in-one Lernapp für Studierende

Greife auf Millionen geteilter Lernmaterialien der StudySmarter Community zu
Kostenlos anmelden Englisch
Erstelle Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen mit den StudySmarter Tools
Kostenlos loslegen Englisch