Anatomie(Atemwege) at Universität Leipzig

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Begriffe:

Nasenlöcher

Nasenflügel

Flügelknorpel

Nasenbein

Nasenvorhof

Exemplary flashcards for Anatomie(Atemwege) at the Universität Leipzig on StudySmarter:

Bei welchem Tier ist ein Diverticulum nasi zu finden und was ist dies ?

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Was gehört zu den oberen Luftwegen?

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Exemplary flashcards for Anatomie(Atemwege) at the Universität Leipzig on StudySmarter:

untere Luftwege

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Verschiedene Apex nasi der Tiere

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Nasenhöhle knöchernde Begrenzung

Exemplary flashcards for Anatomie(Atemwege) at the Universität Leipzig on StudySmarter:

Nasengänge+ Funktionen

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Exemplary flashcards for Anatomie(Atemwege) at the Universität Leipzig on StudySmarter:

Nasennebenhöhlen

Exemplary flashcards for Anatomie(Atemwege) at the Universität Leipzig on StudySmarter:

Nasenmuschel

Exemplary flashcards for Anatomie(Atemwege) at the Universität Leipzig on StudySmarter:

Kehlkopf Knorpel

Exemplary flashcards for Anatomie(Atemwege) at the Universität Leipzig on StudySmarter:

Stimmapparat

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Cartilago arytenoidea 

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Exemplary flashcards for Anatomie(Atemwege) at the Universität Leipzig on StudySmarter:

Anatomie(Atemwege)

Begriffe:

Nasenlöcher

Nasenflügel

Flügelknorpel

Nasenbein

Nasenvorhof

Nares

Alae nasales

Cartilago alaris

Os nasale

Vestibulum nasi = noch pigmentiert und behaart

Anatomie(Atemwege)

Bei welchem Tier ist ein Diverticulum nasi zu finden und was ist dies ?

  • Pferd
  • blind endender  Hautsack, "Nasentrompete"

Anatomie(Atemwege)

Was gehört zu den oberen Luftwegen?

Nase

  • äußere Nase
  • Cavum nasi
  • Sinus paranasales (Nebenhöhlen
  • Vomeronasalorgan

Anatomie(Atemwege)

untere Luftwege

  • Larynx
  • Trachea
  • Bronchoalsystem Pulmo 

Anatomie(Atemwege)

Verschiedene Apex nasi der Tiere

= Verschmelzung der Oberlippe mit der äußeren Nase,modifizierte Haut Ausnahme Pfd (Nüstern)

Planum nasale= Nasenspiegel = Ffrs. kleine Wdk

Planum rostrale= Rüsselscheibe= Schw.

Planum nasolabiale =Flotzmaul= Rd

-> Schw und Rd komplette Verschmelzung Oberlippe


Anatomie(Atemwege)

Nasenhöhle knöchernde Begrenzung

Dach= 

  • Os nasale
  • Os lacrima
  • Os frontale

"Boden"= 

  • Maxilla=Oberkieferbein
  • Os incisivum= Zwischenkieferbein
  • Os palatinum = Gaumenbein
  • Vomer = Pflugscharbein

caudaler Verschluss = Os ethmoidale= Siebbein

Anatomie(Atemwege)

Nasengänge+ Funktionen

dorsale Nasengang = Meatus nasi dorsalis=Riechgang

mittleren Nasengang = Maetus nasi medius=Verbindung Nasennebenhöhlen = Sinusgang

ventrale Nasengang = Maetus nasi ventralis=Atmungsgang !!Nasenschlundsonde!!

Anatomie(Atemwege)

Nasennebenhöhlen

= Sinus paranasales

  • Sinus maxillaris = Kieferhöhle Ktz,Hd nur Kieferbucht Recessus maxillaris Pfd: rostrales et caudalis
  • Sinus frontalis = Stirnhöhle Ktz Hd : -rostralis,medialis,lateralis
  • Sinus palatinus = Gaumenhöhle
  • Sinus sphenoidales =Keilbeinhöhle   -> Pfd Sinus sphenopalatinus aus Gaumen+Keilb.
  • Sinus lacrima=Tränenbeinhöhle Schw.Wdk
  • Cellulae ethmoidales = Siebbeinzellen Schw. Wdk.

Anatomie(Atemwege)

Nasenmuschel

Conchae nasales

dünne eingerollte Knochenlamelle deckt von Schleimhaut

Concha nasalis dorsales + Concha nasalis media =entspringt Os ethmoidale setzt an Maxilla an

Concha nasalis ventralis= Entspringt Maxilla

Anatomie(Atemwege)

Kehlkopf Knorpel

  • Epiglottis =Kehldeckel mit Cartilago epiglottica
  • Cartilago thyroidea = Schildknorpel
  • Cartilagines arytaenoideae = Stellknorpel
  • Cartilago cricoidea = Ringknorpel

Anatomie(Atemwege)

Stimmapparat

= Glottis befindet sich im Larynx

Rima glottidis (=Stimmritze)

Proc. vocalis

Plica vocalis = Stimmfalte = Stimmlippe = Labia vocalia mit Lig.vocale

Anatomie(Atemwege)

Cartilago arytenoidea 

=Stellknorpel, entscheident beteilig an der Stimmbildung

Proc.corniculatus

Proc.muscularis

Proc.vocalis

Proc. cuneiformis

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