Linguistics at Universität Graz

Flashcards and summaries for Linguistics at the Universität Graz

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Categories of Morphemes

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To televise (television);
To donate (donation)

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Where an entity moves from
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Realizations of morphemes
》cats has two morphemes (lexical and inflectional)

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(Inter-) dentals

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3 kinds of phonetics 

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Language as a system of signs- what kind of relationships?
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Index 

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How many ptoperties of Language are there?

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Icon 

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New term - aspirin
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Phonology 

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Graz on StudySmarter:

Linguistics

Categories of Morphemes
Free:
○lexical: open category sth. can be added e.g.: wash, house, red
○functional: closed category e.g.: by, the, it

Bound:
●derivational: used to create new words-new grammatical category
●inflectional: change the grammatical function but never the category
S likes; laughing, Kim's
Past/past participle was/been
Superlative/comparative loudest/louder

Linguistics

To televise (television);
To donate (donation)
Back-formation

Linguistics

Where an entity moves from
Source

Linguistics

Realizations of morphemes
》cats has two morphemes (lexical and inflectional)
Morphs

Linguistics

(Inter-) dentals
Production: tip of the tongue between upper and lower teeth OR touching the back of the upper teeth 

Linguistics

3 kinds of phonetics 
Articulatory 》 what happens in the body when we produce sounds
Acoustic 》 what happens when sounds travel through the air as sound waves
Auditory》 what happens when we perceive sounds

Linguistics

Language as a system of signs- what kind of relationships?
Relationship of contrast (Paradigmatic relations) eg: choosing cat in a sentence means you know the contrasts to dog

Relationship combinatory( Syntagmatic relation): if you use kill you need a animate subject therefore house can't be used

Linguistics

Index 
Signifier is directly related to signified either physically or casually;
 smoke (index of fire); lighting (index of thunderstorm) or medical symptoms 

Linguistics

How many ptoperties of Language are there?
8

Linguistics

Icon 
Signifier shows a certain resemblance to signified; are onomatopoeic words such as cuckoo; or portraits 

Linguistics

New term - aspirin
Coinage

Linguistics

Phonology 
study of the sound system of a particular language; contrast in sounds 》 which make a difference in meaning 

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