NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke at Universität Göttingen

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Exemplary flashcards for NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Wieviele Knochen gibt es?

Exemplary flashcards for NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Knochen:

Eigenschaften

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Knochenentwicklung
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Exemplary flashcards for NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Knochenzellen

Exemplary flashcards for NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Knochenzellen:

Osteoblasten

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Knochenzellen:

Osteoklasten

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Knochenzellen:

Osteozyten
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Knochentypen

Exemplary flashcards for NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Knochentypen:

unregelmäßige Knochen

Exemplary flashcards for NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Knochentypen:

lufthaltige Knochen

Exemplary flashcards for NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Knorpel:

Eigenschaften
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Exemplary flashcards for NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

Def.: Gelenk

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Exemplary flashcards for NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke at the Universität Göttingen on StudySmarter:

NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Wieviele Knochen gibt es?
Der Bewegungsapparat besteht aus über 200 Knochen.

NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Knochen:

Eigenschaften
- Knochen bilden den passiven Bewegungsapparat 
- Stütz- und Schutzfunktion
- Kalziumhaushalt:
 ---> Knochen enthalten 99% des gesamten Körperkalziums
- in der Knochenmarkhöle ist blutbildende rote Knochenmark enthalten 

NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Knochenentwicklung
direkte Knochenentwicklung:
= desmale Ossifikation
# Schädelknochen

indirekte Knochenentwicklung (häufiger!):
= chondrale Ossifikation
-> es entsteht erst ein Knorpelmodell des Knochens 

NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Knochenzellen
bestehen aus:

# Osteoblasten
# Osteoklasten
# Osteozyten 

NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Knochenzellen:

Osteoblasten
-> bauen neue Knochensubstanzen auf

NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Knochenzellen:

Osteoklasten
-> bauen Knochensubstanzen ab

NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Knochenzellen:

Osteozyten
-> entstehen aus Osteoblasten

NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Knochentypen
- Röhrenknochen (ossa longa)
- kurze Knochen (ossa brevia)
- platte Knochen (ossa plana)
- unregelmäßige Knochen (ossa irregularia)
- lufthaltige Knochen (ossa pneumatica)

NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Knochentypen:

unregelmäßige Knochen
= ossa irregularia

- können keiner anderen Gruppe zugeordnet werden

Bsp.: Wirbel


NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Knochentypen:

lufthaltige Knochen
= ossa pneumatica

- Schädelknochen, die eine mit Schleimhaut ausgekleidete luftgefüllte Höhle besitzen

Bsp.: Stirnbein mit Stirnhöhle 

NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Knorpel:

Eigenschaften
- druck- u. zugelastisch
- wirkt als Stoßdämpfer
- enthält keine eigenen Blutgefäße u. muss über Diffusion ernährt werden ---> deshalb schlechtes Regenerationspotential 

NaWi VL 2- Knochen, Gelenke

Def.: Gelenk
= die bewegliche Verbindung von zwei oder mehr Knochen

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