Linguistics at Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

explain conversion & name its directions

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

what are paradigmatic & syntagmatic relations? 

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

explain prosody

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

name and explain the four connected speech phenomena

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

define:

- phone

- phonetics

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

what organs / mechanisms are involved in the producing of speech sounds? 

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

explain free variation

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

define:

- phoneme

- phonology

- allophone

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

what is the difference between phonetic and phonemic transcription?

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

what is VOT

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

explain complementary distribution

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

name the two "meanings" of modals

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Freiburg im Breisgau on StudySmarter:

Linguistics

explain conversion & name its directions

derivation of a new word without marking ("zero derivation")

- very productive in English! 


directions: 

- noun - verb (bottle, carpet)

- adjective verb (better, clean)

- verb - noun (cough, doubt)

Linguistics

what are paradigmatic & syntagmatic relations? 

syntagmatic: horizontal, combination along a "chain"


paradigmatic: vertical, choice/change of one sequence

Linguistics

explain prosody

- supra-segmental features

- pitch and intonation

- syllables

- stress

- connected speech phenomena

Linguistics

name and explain the four connected speech phenomena

- weak forms: naturally unstressed forms (some, of, and...)


- assimilation: neighbouring sounds become more alike (partial) or even identical (total)


- intrusion: a sound is added to join two vowels ( I saw a city burning ) 


- liaison: linking r in non-rhotic accents

Linguistics

define:

- phone

- phonetics

phone: physical sound unit in the speech stream


phonetics: study of how we make, transmit and receive phones

Linguistics

what organs / mechanisms are involved in the producing of speech sounds? 

- always: egressive pulmonic airstream


- vocal cords: voiceless (open) or voicing (tightened)


- glottis: glottal stop 


- velum (soft palate): controls airstream (raised: oral; lowered: nasal) 

Linguistics

explain free variation

realizations of phonemes do not depend on context but on speaker / region / occasion

Linguistics

define:

- phoneme

- phonology

- allophone

phoneme: group of similar phones, have meaning-distinguishing function


phonology: study of sound systems, focus on phonemes and allophones


allophones: different concrete realisations of phonemes

Linguistics

what is the difference between phonetic and phonemic transcription?

phonetic:

- phones, detailed, square brackets


phonemic: 

- few details: distinguish between words, slashes / / 

Linguistics

what is VOT

= Voice Onset Time (interval between release of a stop and the beginning of the vibration of the vocal cords)

- depends on environment

Linguistics

explain complementary distribution

allophones are triggered by different environments (example: clear and dark L )

Linguistics

name the two "meanings" of modals

- epistemic: belief, regarding truth


- deontic: obligation, permission, ability

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Pragmatik

Zoologie-Fragenkatalog

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Linguistik

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Cultural Studies

Einführung in die spanische Sprachwissenschaft

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Universität Marburg

Linguistics 2 at

TU Dortmund

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