Sustainability at Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

Flashcards and summaries for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

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Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

Explain Rockström's "quadruple squeeze"

Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

Explain the idea of "planetary boundaries"

Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

What is a system? How can you define and describe it?

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Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

What is the difference between stock and flows?

Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

Apply the multistep logic of "issues -> concepts -> actors -> tools -> issue" to an example of your choice

Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

Illustrate the different definitional elements of a system with an example of your choice.

Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

Why is negative feedback not that negative for certain issues?

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Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

Apply the concept of positive feedback mechanisms to an ecological sustainability example of your choice.

Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

Apply the concept of positive feedback mechanisms to an social example of your choice.

Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

Explain in your own words how Carlowitz' idea of sustainability can be translated into system theory language.

Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

What does the term "resilience" refer to?

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Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

What is the key idea of the "antropocene" concept?

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Exemplary flashcards for Sustainability at the Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg on StudySmarter:

Sustainability

Explain Rockström's "quadruple squeeze"

  • Human growth
  • Climate change
  • Ecosystem decline
  • Surprise

These 4 aspects put pressure on planet earth. 

Surprise: We have to be humble in what we believe we can control!

Sustainability

Explain the idea of "planetary boundaries"

= A safe operating space for humanity 

We shouldn't cross these boundaries. 

Parameters are: 

  • Working ozone shield
  • Pollution of environment with chemicals
  • Phosphorous cycle
  • Stable Climate
  • Nitrogen cycle
  • Biodiversity

Sustainability

What is a system? How can you define and describe it?

Definition: A collection of parts that interact with each other to produce outcomes that are more than the sum of the parts alone


Components:

1) Parts

2) Connections

3) Function

4) Boundary

Sustainability

What is the difference between stock and flows?

Stock = Inventory/Supply of a part of a system, typically changes slowly


Flow = Addition/Substraction from a stock

Sustainability

Apply the multistep logic of "issues -> concepts -> actors -> tools -> issue" to an example of your choice

Issue: Student has to take test

Concept: Studying

Actors: The student

Tools: StudySmarter 


Sustainability

Illustrate the different definitional elements of a system with an example of your choice.

The body

1) Parts: Head, Right Arm, Left Arm, Right Leg, Left Leg, Upper body... 

2) Connections: Nerves, Veins 

3) Function: Be able to live in the environment, reproduction.. 

4) Boundary: Skin

Sustainability

Why is negative feedback not that negative for certain issues?

Negative feedback reduces the differences from the former stock level. Thus, it restores the balance. Often the balance/the former stock level is the desired stock level. The negative feedback stabilizes the stock level.

Sustainability

Apply the concept of positive feedback mechanisms to an ecological sustainability example of your choice.

Bush fires: Self-reinforcing -> the more the fires spread, the faster new trees and bushes start to burn

Sustainability

Apply the concept of positive feedback mechanisms to an social example of your choice.

Bank runs: A few people fear they could use their money -> A lot more people will have the same fear

Sustainability

Explain in your own words how Carlowitz' idea of sustainability can be translated into system theory language.

Carlowitz wants to 

  • Reduce Outflow:
    By finding substitutes
  • Increase inflow:
    By protecting small trees and using fast-growing trees
  • Use negative feedback loops:
    Planting new trees and speeding up the growth of trees with fertilizers

Sustainability

What does the term "resilience" refer to?

= A system's ability to retain its identity despite shocks.

(Within limits, the system seems to be stalbe and is able to fall back in its natural position)

Sustainability

What is the key idea of the "antropocene" concept?

We have entered an era in which human activities significantly alter the Earth's ecosystems (water, climate, soil)

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