Grammatische Grundlagen at Universität Duisburg-Essen

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Exemplary flashcards for Grammatische Grundlagen at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

Unflektierbare Wortarten

Exemplary flashcards for Grammatische Grundlagen at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

Flektierbare Wortarten

Exemplary flashcards for Grammatische Grundlagen at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

Adverb

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Exemplary flashcards for Grammatische Grundlagen at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

präposition

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What is linguistics?

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What is language?

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Arbitrariness

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Reflexivity

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Displacement

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Classicifications of consonants

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Classification of vowels

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Phoneme

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Exemplary flashcards for Grammatische Grundlagen at the Universität Duisburg-Essen on StudySmarter:

Grammatische Grundlagen

Unflektierbare Wortarten

1) Adverb

2) Präposition

3) Konjuktion/Bindewort

4) Partikel

Grammatische Grundlagen

Flektierbare Wortarten

1) Verb (konjugierbar)

2) Nomen (deklinierbar)

3) Adjektiv (d)

4) Artikel (d)

5) Pronomen (d)

Grammatische Grundlagen

Adverb

lokaladverbien: Umstände des Ortes/raumes (oben unten hier rechts links etc.)

Temporaladverbien: Zeitpunkt & -dauer

Modaladverbien: Art und Weise (besonders, sehr, fast, sogar)

Interrogativadverbien: erfragen eine richtung, einen ort, zeitpinkt und grund (wann wo wie woher warum)

Grammatische Grundlagen

präposition

nicht alleine stehend, regieren immer eine nominalphrase und bestimmen den kasus


  • lokal

richtung, raum und ort (an, auf, aus, in, nach, zwischen)

  • temporal

zeit&dauer (bis, gegen, nach, seit, um, während)

  • modal
art und weise, begleitumstände (einschließlich, mit ohne)
  • kausal

Grund, Ursache & Zweck (angesichts aufgrund infloge trotz wegen)

Grammatische Grundlagen

What is linguistics?

Linguistic is the scientific discipline concerned with the stuy of language. It looks at how language works as a system and how human beings use language to do things.

Grammatische Grundlagen

What is language?

Language is a sign system in which meaning is encoded and transmitted through sound and gestures.

Grammatische Grundlagen

Arbitrariness

unsually there is no natural connection between meaning and sounds.

Grammatische Grundlagen

Reflexivity

language can be used to think and talk about language itself

Grammatische Grundlagen

Displacement

Language can be used to refer to contexts removed from the immediate situation of the speaker

Grammatische Grundlagen

Classicifications of consonants

Place of articulation

Grammatische Grundlagen

Classification of vowels

  • Tongue position
  • Duration/Quantity
  • Constancy of tongue/lip-shape
  • Lip shape/Degree of lip rounding

Grammatische Grundlagen

Phoneme

Phonemes are the smalles meaning-dinstiguishing unit of the language system

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