Grammar BM at Universität Bochum

Flashcards and summaries for Grammar BM in the degree program English / American at Universität Bochum in Bochum

CityCITY: Bochum

CountryCOUNTRY: Germany

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Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

future II progressive (future perfect progressive)

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

central modals

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

conditional III

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

phrase

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

idioms using dare

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

after prepositions

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

modal + tense

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

restrictive, personal antecedent

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

ought

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

non-finites as subjects

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

(non)restrictive

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

infinitive or participle - with change in meaning

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar BM at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

Grammar BM

future II progressive (future perfect progressive)

“will”/”shall” + “have” + “been” + present participle
used for intended or predicted actions that are certain to be unfinished and onoing at a point in the future

Grammar BM

central modals

can/could, may/might, will/would, shall/should, must

modal (auxiliary) + bare infinitive main verb (no dummy operater needed + defective conjugation; cannot be used as a main verb)

Grammar BM

conditional III

impossible condition
if-clause in past percet + main clause in perfect conditional/perfect progressive conditional

Grammar BM

phrase

words working together to express one (certain) meaning

Grammar BM

idioms using dare

I dare you + infinitive
imperative clause + if you dare
don’t you dare + bare nfinitive
you wouldn’t dare + bare infinitive
I dare say + subordinate clause

Grammar BM

after prepositions

have to be followed by a participle

Grammar BM

modal + tense

perfect: modal + “have” + past participle main verb
progressive: modal + “be” + present participle main verb
perfect progressive: modal + “have” + “been” + present participle main verb
(modal always comes first)

Grammar BM

restrictive, personal antecedent

subject: who

object: whom

prepositional: to whom, about whom, for whom… or drop pronoun and move preposition to the end

genitive: whose

Grammar BM

ought

marginal modal; casual

ought + infinitive 

(1) suggestion (intrinsic); in the past “have” after “ought to”

(2) obligation (intrinsic)

Grammar BM

non-finites as subjects

infinitive (to): has not happened

present participle/gerund (-ing): happened/is going to happen

Grammar BM

(non)restrictive

restrictive/defining: provides information that is essential; no comma

nonrestrictive/nondefining: provides information that is extra/additional; comma!

Grammar BM

infinitive or participle - with change in meaning

need to be learned!

(1) sth. stopped to do sth. else

(2) used to do sth., now not anymore

special case: verbs of opinions

Gradient

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