Experimental legal Philosophy at Universität Bochum

Flashcards and summaries for Experimental legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum

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Exemplary flashcards for Experimental legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

What is experimental philosophy? Difference to the analytical philosophy?

Exemplary flashcards for Experimental legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

What is conceptual analysis?

Exemplary flashcards for Experimental legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

What are concepts?

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What is the narrow conception of Experimental Philosophy? And what is the broad concept of it?

Exemplary flashcards for Experimental legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

What are concepts from a X-Phi standpoint?

What do they consist of?

How are concepts retrieved from memory?

Exemplary flashcards for Experimental legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

What does: "Concepts are often opaque" mean?

Exemplary flashcards for Experimental legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

How can we find out about peoples concepts?

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Exemplary flashcards for Experimental legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

Thought experiments 

Exemplary flashcards for Experimental legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

What is knowledge?

three elements of the standard definition

What do the Getier cases and Russells clock show?

Exemplary flashcards for Experimental legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

Another example: Hedonism?

Is pleasure all that matters in life?

Name thought experiment and philosopher 

What did he conclude?

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Describe the two scenarios of the Trolley Problem 

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What are (philosophical) intuitions?


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Exemplary flashcards for Experimental legal Philosophy at the Universität Bochum on StudySmarter:

Experimental legal Philosophy

What is experimental philosophy? Difference to the analytical philosophy?

What do they do? Do surveys, try to find out about intuition about what knowledge is 


= is a philosophy which engages in empirical research to address philosophical questions.

„to practice experimental philosophy...is to systematically collect and analyze empirical data in attempting to answer philosophical questions or solve philosophical problems”


before: Physics: gravity, medicine, universe old experimental philosophy 

Today: new experimental philosophy: moral questions, psychological


Analytical: Concepts: freedom, responsibility, happiness 

Guys try to find out about these problem experimentally 

They say its nothing new, old analytical philosophers were also experimenting 


Experimental legal Philosophy

What is conceptual analysis?

Breaking down a complex into simpler elements 

Basic methods of analytics philosophy 

e.g. concept of a bachelor:
- being a man, being not married 


Experimental legal Philosophy

What are concepts?

  • Abstract objects (ideas)
  • Abilities {to comprehend concepts}
  • Mental representations 

Experimental legal Philosophy

What is the narrow conception of Experimental Philosophy? And what is the broad concept of it?

Narrow (restricted) conception of X-Phi as involved with the empirical research on people’s intuitions in addressing philosophical questions

- questions are mainly addressed by the appeal to intuitions 


Broad conception of X-Phi as involved with empirical research broadly speaking in addressing philosophical questions.

- questions are not necessarily addressed by the appeal to intuitions 

Experimental legal Philosophy

What are concepts from a X-Phi standpoint?

What do they consist of?

How are concepts retrieved from memory?

Concepts are psychological entities, ways of thinking about certain things (e.g., a concept of a tree is a way of thinking about trees). 


They contain a referent or what they refer to (e.g., trees), and a content (e.g., bodies of information about the trees).


The content of the concept is retrieved from memory by default : 

- Quickly
- Automatically (without control)
- Independently of the context (in all circumstances)


Experimental legal Philosophy

What does: "Concepts are often opaque" mean?


people do not have a direct access to their concepts, and can even have inaccurate beliefs about their concepts


Experimental legal Philosophy

How can we find out about peoples concepts?


Study of the conceptes typically involves asking people to use the concepts, not asking about them directly. This way we can learn about the content of the concept.


Experimental legal Philosophy

Thought experiments 


• They are short, fictional stories that describe certain situations

• These situations typically have philosophically relevant features

• The addressee is invited to form a judgment about these stories in connection with the philosophically relevant feature


Experimental legal Philosophy

What is knowledge?

three elements of the standard definition

What do the Getier cases and Russells clock show?

she has a belief that X, her belief that X is true, and she is justified in having the belief that X


the person in the stories have a justified true belief which is (arguably) not knowledge

-> objectively not true information but all three elements -> belief, justification and true belief are fulfilled



Experimental legal Philosophy

Another example: Hedonism?

Is pleasure all that matters in life?

Name thought experiment and philosopher 

What did he conclude?

Thought experiment: 

Machine that you can program so all my wishes come true —> Nozick:


Nozick says nobody would like the happy machine, because we want 

(1) to do things, and not only experience that we do these things

(2) Everyone wants to define himself, be a certain sort of person, but we cannot achieve this in the experience machine

(3) In the machine we will limit our experience to artificial reality that is completely created by humans, and we detach ourselves from the deeper reality


the happy machine would make us sad

So by this experiment he found out that hedonism, life only with pleasure isn’t what we wish for.



Experimental legal Philosophy

Describe the two scenarios of the Trolley Problem 

Changing the switch to let the trolley kill one or five people 

Or chucking someone in front of the train yourself to save five people 


Experimental legal Philosophy

What are (philosophical) intuitions?



Philosophical intuitions are opinions or judgments that are triggered by thought experiments or other philosophically relevant hypothetical cases


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