Phonologie at Universität Bielefeld

Flashcards and summaries for Phonologie at the Universität Bielefeld

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Minimalpaar

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freie Allophone

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komplementär Verteilte Allophone
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Aspiration

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Das Phonem

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Phonologische Prozesse

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Auslautverhärtung
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Spirantisierung

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Tilgung

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Epenthese

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progressive Assimilation
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Assimilation

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Exemplary flashcards for Phonologie at the Universität Bielefeld on StudySmarter:

Phonologie

Minimalpaar
Wörter, die sich NUR durch einen Laut unterscheiden

Phonologie

freie Allophone
- phonetisch ähnliche Laut
- unterscheiden sich artikulatorisch, ohne Bedeutung zu verändern
- können in der selben Position auftreten

Phonologie

komplementär Verteilte Allophone
erscheinen in Unterschiedlichen Lautkontexten und sind in diesen Verteilungen nicht austauschbar

Phonologie

Aspiration
behauchte Aussprache das Anschlusslautes

t^h

-> phonteisches Merkmal,  kein distinktives 

Phonologie

Das Phonem

  • kleinste bedeutungsunterscheidende (= distinktive) Elemente einer Sprache

  • Bedeutungsunterscheidung kann lexikalisch (Hund vs. Hand) oder grammtisch (fuhren vs. fahren) sein

  • Phoneme einer Sprache werden durch Minimalpaaranalyse ermittelt

  • Phoneme können in nicht distinktiven Eigenschaften variieren -> Allophone

Phonologie

Phonologische Prozesse
regelgeleitete Änderungsprozesse in der Sprache als Vereinfachung beim Spracherwerb

Phonologie

Auslautverhärtung
Unterschied der Stimmhaftigkeit wird aufgehoben

 /b, d, g, z, v/ -> /p, t, k, s, f/

Phonologie

Spirantisierung
/g/ -> /ç/ nach [ı]

Phonologie

Tilgung
[le:bən]        ->        [le:bm]

Schwa-Tilgung


[le:bm] -> [lem]

Tilgung sth. Plosive vor silbischen Nasalen

Phonologie

Epenthese
Hinzufügen von Lauten

-> hinzufügen eines stl. Plosivs

-> /ʔ/ - Epenthese in betonten nackten Silben

Phonologie

progressive Assimilation
- Erstlaut bleibt gleich
- Zweitlaut wird angeglichen

Phonologie

Assimilation
Veränderung der/des Artikulationsart/-ortes in eine Richtung (regressiv/progressiv)

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