UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen at TU Darmstadt

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Exemplary flashcards for UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen at the TU Darmstadt on StudySmarter:

What kind of Business Processes are out there? (3)

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A smart item is …


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Smart Items Main Capabilities (5) 

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Exemplary flashcards for UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen at the TU Darmstadt on StudySmarter:

Technologies used for Automatic Identification (Auto-ID)

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RFID - Radio Frequency Identification

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RFID Tags Technical Classification Criteria

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RFID - Class V

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RFID - Class IV

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RFID - Class III

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RFID - Class II

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RFID - Class I

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Business processes supported by ubiquitous computing technology

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Exemplary flashcards for UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen at the TU Darmstadt on StudySmarter:

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

What kind of Business Processes are out there? (3)

➔ Management processes, incl. strategy and process management, etc.
➔ Core business processes, incl. production, sales, marketing, purchasing,
customer care, etc.
➔ Supporting processes, incl. human capital management, accounting, facility
management, IT management, etc.

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

A smart item is …


◼Object of the Real world

◼Capable to store data about itself or its environment

        ◼ e.g. identifier, temperature, location, etc.
◼Capable to exchange data via a communication interface

        ◼ wired or wireless

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

Smart Items Main Capabilities (5) 

  1. Information Storage
    • Static data (identifier, production date, expiry date, list of ingredients or parts, etc.)
    • Dynamically changing data (maintenance history, next business step, etc.)
  2. Information Collection
    • Location, Position, Orientation
      – Indoor & outdoor
    • Environmental conditions
      – Physical parameters (temperature, humidity, velocity, acceleration, light intensity, etc.)
      – Chemical parameters (presence of toxic molecules, composition of gases and fluids, etc.)
  3. Information (Pre-)Processing
    • Arithmetic & logical operations
    • Statistical computation, data filtering & aggregation
  4. Communication
    • Item-to-item
      – wired or wireless medium (e.g. radio, light, sound waves)
      – various network topologies (star, ring, bus, etc.)
      – typically message based data exchange (unicast, multicast, broadcast messaging)
      – typically without infrastructure (e.g. peer-to-peer)
    • Communication with other (IT-)systems
      – Unidirectional notifications (e.g. upon hitting thresholds, indicating exceptions)
      – Bidirectional communication (request-response)
      – Typically protocol bridging required (e.g. coupling between IP and proprietary
      protocols)
  5. Performing Actions
    • Control and regulation of environmental parameters (via actuators, micro electro-
      mechanical systems, etc.)

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

Technologies used for Automatic Identification (Auto-ID)

technologies that are used to help machines identify real-world objects and persons


Example Auto-ID technologies
◼ linear barcode
◼ data matrix (‘2D barcode’)
◼ optical character recognition
◼ Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
◼ magnetic strips
◼ chip cards
◼ biometrics

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

RFID - Radio Frequency Identification

automated identification and data collection technology

◼ RFID tag consists of a chip for holding data and an antenna for
communicating the data via radio waves.

◼ RFID chip can store static or dynamically changing information about the tagged item:
◼ item identifier, manufacturer, production date, target customer, etc.
◼ tracking history (where?), timestamps (when?), business events (what?), incl.
built, shipped, sold, returned, stolen, refurbished, etc.
◼ relevant physical or chemical conditions (e.g. temperature, pressure,
humidity, etc.) the item is/was exposed to

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

RFID Tags Technical Classification Criteria

Power supply
◼ active (integrated battery)
◼ passive (powered by interrogator)

Memory type
◼ read only
◼ writeable (write-once-read-many, write-many-read-many)

Radio transmission frequency
◼Low Frequency (e.g. 125 KHz)
◼High Frequency (e.g. 13,56 MHz)
◼ Ultra High Frequency (e.g. 865 MHz)

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

RFID - Class V

Essentially readers. They can power Class I, II and III tags, as well as
communicate with other Class IV tags and with each other wirelessly.

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

RFID - Class IV

Active tags. They may be capable of broad-band peer-to-peer
communication with other active tags in the same frequency band, and
with readers.

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

RFID - Class III

Semi-passive RFID tags. They may support broadband communication
and gave environmental sensors like temperature that operate even when the tag is not within the radio field of the reader.

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

RFID - Class II

Passive tags with additional functionality like memory or encryption.

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

RFID - Class I

Read-only passive identity tags. The ID can be programmed at the point
of use (Write Once Read Multiple).

UbiCom in Geschäftsprozessen

Business processes supported by ubiquitous computing technology

Enterprise processes
◼Manufacturing efficiency
◼ Smart warehouse management
◼Quality management in transportation and logistics
◼ Retail and shopping experience
◼Brand protection, safety management in value chains

Cities of the Future
◼ Intelligent traffic management
◼Environmental sensing
◼ Smart Quarter Energy Management
◼Managed electric mobility

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