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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Why is SWM a global issue?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

“Worldwide, waste generated per person per day averages 0.74 kilogram but ranges widely, from 0.11 to 4.54 kilograms."


Lack of SWM leads to:

• direct health impacts on residents 

• environmental pollution on a local, regional and global scale 


Lack of SWM also contributes to:

• loss of valuable resources

• climate change

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the difference between municipal waste and special waste?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Municipal solid waste – residential commercial, institutional waste

  • Special waste – industrial, medical, hazardous, electronic, construction and demolition waste.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is waste management?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. includes the planning, execution and control of all processes concerning waste collection and treatment 
  2. can be organized public, private or in mixed forms 
  3.  is an applied science, which is integrated into civil and environmental engineering (in close connection with urban planning and wastewater treatment)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Why do low income countries suffer more from waste?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Waste generation depend on income: low income countries generate large amount of organic waste (>50), while high income countries generate more plastic and organic (30% each). 

  • Low income countries (>90%) reach the land fill, lack of technology
  • Low income countries are also more vulnerable to toxicity from the waste. 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Name 2 general principles of waste policies and explain one of them

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

1. The “polluter pays” principle 

2. The “precautionary” principle 

3. The “proximity principle” 

4. The “prior informed consent principle 


1. “Polluter pays” principle implies that all producers of waste are legally and financially responsible for the safe and environmentally sound disposal of the waste they produce. This principle also attempts to assign liability to the party that causes damage. 


3. “Proximity” principle recommends that treatment and disposal of (hazardous) waste take place at the closest possible location to its source to minimize the risks involved in its transport.


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the Elements of EU circular Economy strategy?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-> Transforming waste into a resource to develop a circular economy 

-> Improving waste management in order to reduce health and environmental problems 


Strategy:

- four legislative proposals following different directives


Goals:

- introducing new waste management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling 

- Strengthen provisions on waste prevention, streamline definitions, reporting obligations and calculation methods for targets. 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the difference between Reuse and Reduce?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Reduce: means using fewer resources. It includes strict avoidance as well as reduction at source. Waste reduction can be defined as the complete range of measures and actions taken up before a substance, material or product becomes waste. 


Reuse: means any operation by which products or components that are not waste are used again for the same purpose for which they were conceived.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is Recovery?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

waste serving a useful purpose by replacing other materials.


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is Recycling?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

part of recovery. Here waste materials are reprocessed into products. Does not include energy recovery like fuels. Eg: use of cans

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the difference between upcycling and downcycling?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

When we convert discarded materials into something of equal or greater value, it is “upcycled"


When a material or product is “downcycled”, it is transformed into something of less value

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Whats waste to energy?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

treat waste to recover energy in the form of heat, electricity or biogas.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the defintion of waste?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

any discarded, rejected, abandoned, unwanted or surplus matter, whether intended or not for recycling, recovery or treatment

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Q:

Why is SWM a global issue?

A:

“Worldwide, waste generated per person per day averages 0.74 kilogram but ranges widely, from 0.11 to 4.54 kilograms."


Lack of SWM leads to:

• direct health impacts on residents 

• environmental pollution on a local, regional and global scale 


Lack of SWM also contributes to:

• loss of valuable resources

• climate change

Q:

What is the difference between municipal waste and special waste?

A:
  • Municipal solid waste – residential commercial, institutional waste

  • Special waste – industrial, medical, hazardous, electronic, construction and demolition waste.
Q:

What is waste management?

A:
  1. includes the planning, execution and control of all processes concerning waste collection and treatment 
  2. can be organized public, private or in mixed forms 
  3.  is an applied science, which is integrated into civil and environmental engineering (in close connection with urban planning and wastewater treatment)
Q:

Why do low income countries suffer more from waste?

A:

Waste generation depend on income: low income countries generate large amount of organic waste (>50), while high income countries generate more plastic and organic (30% each). 

  • Low income countries (>90%) reach the land fill, lack of technology
  • Low income countries are also more vulnerable to toxicity from the waste. 
Q:

Name 2 general principles of waste policies and explain one of them

A:

1. The “polluter pays” principle 

2. The “precautionary” principle 

3. The “proximity principle” 

4. The “prior informed consent principle 


1. “Polluter pays” principle implies that all producers of waste are legally and financially responsible for the safe and environmentally sound disposal of the waste they produce. This principle also attempts to assign liability to the party that causes damage. 


3. “Proximity” principle recommends that treatment and disposal of (hazardous) waste take place at the closest possible location to its source to minimize the risks involved in its transport.


Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What are the Elements of EU circular Economy strategy?

A:

-> Transforming waste into a resource to develop a circular economy 

-> Improving waste management in order to reduce health and environmental problems 


Strategy:

- four legislative proposals following different directives


Goals:

- introducing new waste management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling 

- Strengthen provisions on waste prevention, streamline definitions, reporting obligations and calculation methods for targets. 

Q:

What is the difference between Reuse and Reduce?

A:

Reduce: means using fewer resources. It includes strict avoidance as well as reduction at source. Waste reduction can be defined as the complete range of measures and actions taken up before a substance, material or product becomes waste. 


Reuse: means any operation by which products or components that are not waste are used again for the same purpose for which they were conceived.

Q:

What is Recovery?

A:

waste serving a useful purpose by replacing other materials.


Q:

What is Recycling?

A:

part of recovery. Here waste materials are reprocessed into products. Does not include energy recovery like fuels. Eg: use of cans

Q:

What is the difference between upcycling and downcycling?

A:

When we convert discarded materials into something of equal or greater value, it is “upcycled"


When a material or product is “downcycled”, it is transformed into something of less value

Q:

Whats waste to energy?

A:

treat waste to recover energy in the form of heat, electricity or biogas.

Q:

What is the defintion of waste?

A:

any discarded, rejected, abandoned, unwanted or surplus matter, whether intended or not for recycling, recovery or treatment

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