SOI at TU Darmstadt

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Exemplary flashcards for SOI at the TU Darmstadt on StudySmarter:

Why is SWM a global issue?

Exemplary flashcards for SOI at the TU Darmstadt on StudySmarter:

What is the difference between municipal waste and special waste?

Exemplary flashcards for SOI at the TU Darmstadt on StudySmarter:

What is waste management?

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Exemplary flashcards for SOI at the TU Darmstadt on StudySmarter:

Why do low income countries suffer more from waste?

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Name 2 general principles of waste policies and explain one of them

Exemplary flashcards for SOI at the TU Darmstadt on StudySmarter:

What are the Elements of EU circular Economy strategy?

Exemplary flashcards for SOI at the TU Darmstadt on StudySmarter:

What is the difference between Reuse and Reduce?

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What is Recovery?

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What is Recycling?

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What is the difference between upcycling and downcycling?

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Whats waste to energy?

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What is the defintion of waste?

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Exemplary flashcards for SOI at the TU Darmstadt on StudySmarter:

SOI

Why is SWM a global issue?

“Worldwide, waste generated per person per day averages 0.74 kilogram but ranges widely, from 0.11 to 4.54 kilograms."


Lack of SWM leads to:

• direct health impacts on residents 

• environmental pollution on a local, regional and global scale 


Lack of SWM also contributes to:

• loss of valuable resources

• climate change

SOI

What is the difference between municipal waste and special waste?

  • Municipal solid waste – residential commercial, institutional waste

  • Special waste – industrial, medical, hazardous, electronic, construction and demolition waste.

SOI

What is waste management?

  1. includes the planning, execution and control of all processes concerning waste collection and treatment 
  2. can be organized public, private or in mixed forms 
  3.  is an applied science, which is integrated into civil and environmental engineering (in close connection with urban planning and wastewater treatment)

SOI

Why do low income countries suffer more from waste?

Waste generation depend on income: low income countries generate large amount of organic waste (>50), while high income countries generate more plastic and organic (30% each). 

  • Low income countries (>90%) reach the land fill, lack of technology
  • Low income countries are also more vulnerable to toxicity from the waste. 

SOI

Name 2 general principles of waste policies and explain one of them

1. The “polluter pays” principle 

2. The “precautionary” principle 

3. The “proximity principle” 

4. The “prior informed consent principle 


1. “Polluter pays” principle implies that all producers of waste are legally and financially responsible for the safe and environmentally sound disposal of the waste they produce. This principle also attempts to assign liability to the party that causes damage. 


3. “Proximity” principle recommends that treatment and disposal of (hazardous) waste take place at the closest possible location to its source to minimize the risks involved in its transport.


SOI

What are the Elements of EU circular Economy strategy?

-> Transforming waste into a resource to develop a circular economy 

-> Improving waste management in order to reduce health and environmental problems 


Strategy:

- four legislative proposals following different directives


Goals:

- introducing new waste management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling 

- Strengthen provisions on waste prevention, streamline definitions, reporting obligations and calculation methods for targets. 

SOI

What is the difference between Reuse and Reduce?

Reduce: means using fewer resources. It includes strict avoidance as well as reduction at source. Waste reduction can be defined as the complete range of measures and actions taken up before a substance, material or product becomes waste. 


Reuse: means any operation by which products or components that are not waste are used again for the same purpose for which they were conceived.

SOI

What is Recovery?

waste serving a useful purpose by replacing other materials.


SOI

What is Recycling?

part of recovery. Here waste materials are reprocessed into products. Does not include energy recovery like fuels. Eg: use of cans

SOI

What is the difference between upcycling and downcycling?

When we convert discarded materials into something of equal or greater value, it is “upcycled"


When a material or product is “downcycled”, it is transformed into something of less value

SOI

Whats waste to energy?

treat waste to recover energy in the form of heat, electricity or biogas.

SOI

What is the defintion of waste?

any discarded, rejected, abandoned, unwanted or surplus matter, whether intended or not for recycling, recovery or treatment

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Wassergüte und Wasserversorgungstechnik

Abwassertechnik 1 - T1

Soz at

Universität Koblenz-Landau

Soz at

Universität Koblenz-Landau

SoG at

Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften Hamburg

SOG at

Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften Hamburg

SOA at

Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences

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