Psychopathology at Radboud University | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Psychopathology an der Radboud University

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Psychopathology Kurs an der Radboud University zu.

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Theories of phobias > Behavioral theories > Discuss Mowrer´s two-factor theory.

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General: Classical conditioning (pairing of stimuli) leads to the fear of an object, and operant conditioning (avoidance = negative reinforcement) helps maintain it. 

Example study: Watson "Little Albert"

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Treatments of social anxiety disorder > Biological treatment > What are the two drugs often prescribed to reduce social anxiety? 

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SSRIs

SNRIs

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Treatments for phobias > Behavioral treatments > Explain the steps of systematic desensitization.

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1) Clients formulate a list of feared situations/ obejects and rank them from most to least feared. 

2) Relaxation techniques are tought.

3) They begin exposing themselves to the items of the hierarchy of fears, beginning with the least feared. 


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Treatments of phobias > Behavioral treatments > Blood-injection-injury phobia is a type of phobia causing clients to faint due to a severe decrease in heart rate and blood pressure. Which technique is used to treat those patients? 

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Applied tension technique : teaching clients to tense muscles until they feel blood rising in their faces. After that, systematic desensitization is used to extinguish the fear of blood, injury, or injections. 

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Theories of phobias > Behavioral theories > What is NOT a behavioral theory to phobias?

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genetics 

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Treatments of phobias > Behavioral treatments > What is the quickest form of therapy for a person with, for example, claustrophobia? 

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Flooding: exposing client to the feared situation (or object) until fear is gone (e.g., looking a person with claustrophobia in a room for several hours). 

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Treatments of phobias > Biological treatments > Which class of drugs is used to (temporarily) relief people from their anxiety? 

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Benzodiazepines (e.g., Valium)

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Name the DSM-5 criteria for social anxiety disorder (A-J).

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A. Marked fear or anxiety about one or more social situations in which the person is exposed to possible scrutiny by others. 

B. Fear of acting in a way that will be negatively evaluated.

C. The social situations (A) almost always provoke fear or anxiety. 

D. The social situations are avoided or endured with intense fear or anxiety. 

E. The fear or anxiety is out of proportion to the actual threat. 

F. Fear, anxiety, or avoidance is persistent, lasting  typically at least six months. 

G. Distress or impairment in daily functioning. 

H. Fear, anxiety, avoidance not attributable to another substance or medical condition. 

I. Fear, anxiety, avoidance is not better explained by another mental disorder. 

J. If another medical condition is present, fear, anxiety or avoidance is clearly unrelated or is excessive. 

Specifiy if: Performance only. 


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Social anxiety disorder is relatively commen with a lifetime prevalence of about ... in the US, and up to ... internationally. 

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7%; 12%

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Theories of social anxiety disorder > Biological theories > Genetic factors appear to lead to a more general tendency toward anxiety disorders. Which brain areas play a role in anxiety disorders?

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Amygdala 

Hippocampus 

Prefrontal cortex

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Treatments of phobias > Behavioral treatments > What are modeling techniques in treating phobias? What theory does this technique relate to?

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Modeling techniques are often used in the art of systemtic desensitization. The therapist models the desired behavior before the client is asked to perform it. This relates to observational learning theory. 

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Treatments for social anxiety disorder > Behavioral treatment > Mindfulness-based interventions can be useful as well. What do patients learn in these interventions? 

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To be less judgmental with themselves and focus more on the present moment rather than on own thoughts and behaviors. 

ACT includes some mindfulness techniques. 


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  • 23382 Karteikarten
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  • 3 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Psychopathology Kurs an der Radboud University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Theories of phobias > Behavioral theories > Discuss Mowrer´s two-factor theory.

A:

General: Classical conditioning (pairing of stimuli) leads to the fear of an object, and operant conditioning (avoidance = negative reinforcement) helps maintain it. 

Example study: Watson "Little Albert"

Q:

Treatments of social anxiety disorder > Biological treatment > What are the two drugs often prescribed to reduce social anxiety? 

A:

SSRIs

SNRIs

Q:

Treatments for phobias > Behavioral treatments > Explain the steps of systematic desensitization.

A:

1) Clients formulate a list of feared situations/ obejects and rank them from most to least feared. 

2) Relaxation techniques are tought.

3) They begin exposing themselves to the items of the hierarchy of fears, beginning with the least feared. 


Q:

Treatments of phobias > Behavioral treatments > Blood-injection-injury phobia is a type of phobia causing clients to faint due to a severe decrease in heart rate and blood pressure. Which technique is used to treat those patients? 

A:

Applied tension technique : teaching clients to tense muscles until they feel blood rising in their faces. After that, systematic desensitization is used to extinguish the fear of blood, injury, or injections. 

Q:

Theories of phobias > Behavioral theories > What is NOT a behavioral theory to phobias?

A:

genetics 

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Treatments of phobias > Behavioral treatments > What is the quickest form of therapy for a person with, for example, claustrophobia? 

A:

Flooding: exposing client to the feared situation (or object) until fear is gone (e.g., looking a person with claustrophobia in a room for several hours). 

Q:

Treatments of phobias > Biological treatments > Which class of drugs is used to (temporarily) relief people from their anxiety? 

A:

Benzodiazepines (e.g., Valium)

Q:

Name the DSM-5 criteria for social anxiety disorder (A-J).

A:

A. Marked fear or anxiety about one or more social situations in which the person is exposed to possible scrutiny by others. 

B. Fear of acting in a way that will be negatively evaluated.

C. The social situations (A) almost always provoke fear or anxiety. 

D. The social situations are avoided or endured with intense fear or anxiety. 

E. The fear or anxiety is out of proportion to the actual threat. 

F. Fear, anxiety, or avoidance is persistent, lasting  typically at least six months. 

G. Distress or impairment in daily functioning. 

H. Fear, anxiety, avoidance not attributable to another substance or medical condition. 

I. Fear, anxiety, avoidance is not better explained by another mental disorder. 

J. If another medical condition is present, fear, anxiety or avoidance is clearly unrelated or is excessive. 

Specifiy if: Performance only. 


Q:

Social anxiety disorder is relatively commen with a lifetime prevalence of about ... in the US, and up to ... internationally. 

A:

7%; 12%

Q:

Theories of social anxiety disorder > Biological theories > Genetic factors appear to lead to a more general tendency toward anxiety disorders. Which brain areas play a role in anxiety disorders?

A:

Amygdala 

Hippocampus 

Prefrontal cortex

Q:

Treatments of phobias > Behavioral treatments > What are modeling techniques in treating phobias? What theory does this technique relate to?

A:

Modeling techniques are often used in the art of systemtic desensitization. The therapist models the desired behavior before the client is asked to perform it. This relates to observational learning theory. 

Q:

Treatments for social anxiety disorder > Behavioral treatment > Mindfulness-based interventions can be useful as well. What do patients learn in these interventions? 

A:

To be less judgmental with themselves and focus more on the present moment rather than on own thoughts and behaviors. 

ACT includes some mindfulness techniques. 


Psychopathology

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