General Introduction To Psychology at Radboud University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für General Introduction to Psychology an der Radboud University

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Why should you be skeptical of people’s descriptions of their personal strengths? 

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Because people often fail to see their personal weaknesses 

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Which is more important, nature or nurture? 

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Both equally

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Psychological science

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The study, through research, of mind, brain, and behavior 

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What produces mental activity?

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Biological activity in the brain 

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Who should zu be suspicious of after-the-fact explanations?

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Once people know an outcome, people interpret and reinterpret old evidence to make sense of that outcome

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Nature/nurture debate 

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The argument concerning whether psychological characteristics are biologically innate or acquired through education, experience, culture

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outgroup homogeneity effect

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the tendency to view outgrip members as less varied than in-group members   

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Amiable skepticism 

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Being open to new ideas but carefully considering the evidence 

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Unconscious 
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The place where mental process operate below the level of conscious awarness 
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social identity theory
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The idea that in-groups consist of individuals who perceive themselves to be members of the same social category and experience pride through their group membership
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Describe the advantages and disadvantages of grouping.
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Pros:
  • Security from predators
  • assistance in hunting and gathering food
  • mating opportunities
  • cooperation with other groups for supply or in attaining the resource
Cons:
  • Competition of groups for the same resource

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post decisional  dissonance 
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When chosen on an item out of different options
The postdecisional dissonance then motivates you to focus on the positive aspects of the chosen item and on the other's negative ones.
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Q:

Why should you be skeptical of people’s descriptions of their personal strengths? 

A:

Because people often fail to see their personal weaknesses 

Q:

Which is more important, nature or nurture? 

A:

Both equally

Q:

Psychological science

A:

The study, through research, of mind, brain, and behavior 

Q:

What produces mental activity?

A:

Biological activity in the brain 

Q:

Who should zu be suspicious of after-the-fact explanations?

A:

Once people know an outcome, people interpret and reinterpret old evidence to make sense of that outcome

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Nature/nurture debate 

A:

The argument concerning whether psychological characteristics are biologically innate or acquired through education, experience, culture

Q:

outgroup homogeneity effect

A:

the tendency to view outgrip members as less varied than in-group members   

Q:

Amiable skepticism 

A:

Being open to new ideas but carefully considering the evidence 

Q:
Unconscious 
A:
The place where mental process operate below the level of conscious awarness 
Q:
social identity theory
A:
The idea that in-groups consist of individuals who perceive themselves to be members of the same social category and experience pride through their group membership
Q:
Describe the advantages and disadvantages of grouping.
A:
Pros:
  • Security from predators
  • assistance in hunting and gathering food
  • mating opportunities
  • cooperation with other groups for supply or in attaining the resource
Cons:
  • Competition of groups for the same resource

Q:
post decisional  dissonance 
A:
When chosen on an item out of different options
The postdecisional dissonance then motivates you to focus on the positive aspects of the chosen item and on the other's negative ones.
General Introduction to Psychology

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