Ped at Pomeranian Academy Of Medicine In Szczecin | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Ped an der Pomeranian Academy of Medicine in Szczecin

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marker of congenital adrenal hyperplasia used in neonatal screening test is:


  1. androstenedione

  2. cortisol
  3.  renin
  4. 17-hydroxyprogesterone
  5. testosterone

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d) 17-hydroxyprogesterone


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What are the possible medical complications of eating disorder

  1. Tachycardia 
  2. Precocious puberty 
  3. Amenorrhea
  4. Growth retardation
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3,4

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Heart rate and rhythm disturbances can appear due to which of the following electrolyte disorders:

  1. Hypomagnesemia
  2. Hypercalcemia
  3. Hypermagnesemia
  4. All
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d. ALL

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In patients with phenylketonuria, phenylalanine neurotoxicity causes:

  1. Disturbances in metabolism of neurotransmitter, mainly dopamine and serotonin
  2. Skin eczema similar to the one observed in patients with atopic dermatitis due to cow milk allergy
  3. Hypopigmentation of skin, hair and iris
  4. Deficiencies in proper synthesis of myelin by oligodendrocytes
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1,4

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Which of the following products should be eliminated from the diet of a child with PKU?

  1. Fisk smoked meats, string bean, cow milk, yogurts, cottage and hard cheese
  2. Bread, pasta, cakes from regular wheat flour
  3. Apples cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers
  4. Honey, vegetable and animal oils,, bread made with low phenylalanine flour
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1,2

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What is the prognosis for a child with congenital hypothyroidism detected later than 3rd months of life?

  1. Precocious puberty
  2. Delayed puberty 
  3. Mental retardation
  4. Short stature
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2,3,4

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Please choose most important (first choice) laboratory tests, which you recommend for a child with a severe ketoacidosis coma due to newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus:

  1. Blood gases, glucose concentration
  2. Cholesterol level, protein level
  3. TSH
  4. Potassium level
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1,4

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The most common cause of chest pain in children is/ are:

  1. Gastric ulcers
  2. Myocarditis
  3. Musculoskeletal pain
  4. Myocardial infarct
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c) musculoskeletal pain

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Ventricular Septal defect (VSD):

  1. Is the most common cyanotic heart defect 
  2. Needs surgical correction in first three months of life 
  3. Needs prophylaxis of bacterial endocarditis 
  4. Pulmonary hypertension tend to appear earlier than in the same size arial septal defects
     (ASD)
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3,4

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Patients born as IUGR would be at higher risk of many late complications such as:

  1. Short statured 
  2. Obesity
  3. Nephrocalcinosis
  4. Diabetes mellitus type 1 
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1. short stature

2. Obesity

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A 3 year old girl is admitted to GP because of low grade fever, irritability and right ear pain. Upon physical examination signs of otitis media are present in otoscopy. Choose the correct treatment:

  1. Amoxicillin 90 mg/kg/day
  2. Ibuprofen 30 mg/kg/day control after 2 days
  3. Nothing
  4. Amoxicillin + clavulanic acid 90 mg/kg/ day
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b) ibu 30mg/kg/day control after 2 days

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Growth chart presented below could be observed in a child with

  1. Familial short stature
  2. Presence of CNS tumor for example, craniopharyngioma
  3. Constitutional growth delay
  4. Growth hormone deficiency secondary to radiotherapy of the brain tumor
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1,3

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Q:

marker of congenital adrenal hyperplasia used in neonatal screening test is:


  1. androstenedione

  2. cortisol
  3.  renin
  4. 17-hydroxyprogesterone
  5. testosterone

A:

d) 17-hydroxyprogesterone


Q:

What are the possible medical complications of eating disorder

  1. Tachycardia 
  2. Precocious puberty 
  3. Amenorrhea
  4. Growth retardation
A:

3,4

Q:

Heart rate and rhythm disturbances can appear due to which of the following electrolyte disorders:

  1. Hypomagnesemia
  2. Hypercalcemia
  3. Hypermagnesemia
  4. All
A:

d. ALL

Q:

In patients with phenylketonuria, phenylalanine neurotoxicity causes:

  1. Disturbances in metabolism of neurotransmitter, mainly dopamine and serotonin
  2. Skin eczema similar to the one observed in patients with atopic dermatitis due to cow milk allergy
  3. Hypopigmentation of skin, hair and iris
  4. Deficiencies in proper synthesis of myelin by oligodendrocytes
A:

1,4

Q:

Which of the following products should be eliminated from the diet of a child with PKU?

  1. Fisk smoked meats, string bean, cow milk, yogurts, cottage and hard cheese
  2. Bread, pasta, cakes from regular wheat flour
  3. Apples cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers
  4. Honey, vegetable and animal oils,, bread made with low phenylalanine flour
A:

1,2

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Q:

What is the prognosis for a child with congenital hypothyroidism detected later than 3rd months of life?

  1. Precocious puberty
  2. Delayed puberty 
  3. Mental retardation
  4. Short stature
A:

2,3,4

Q:

Please choose most important (first choice) laboratory tests, which you recommend for a child with a severe ketoacidosis coma due to newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus:

  1. Blood gases, glucose concentration
  2. Cholesterol level, protein level
  3. TSH
  4. Potassium level
A:

1,4

Q:

The most common cause of chest pain in children is/ are:

  1. Gastric ulcers
  2. Myocarditis
  3. Musculoskeletal pain
  4. Myocardial infarct
A:

c) musculoskeletal pain

Q:

Ventricular Septal defect (VSD):

  1. Is the most common cyanotic heart defect 
  2. Needs surgical correction in first three months of life 
  3. Needs prophylaxis of bacterial endocarditis 
  4. Pulmonary hypertension tend to appear earlier than in the same size arial septal defects
     (ASD)
A:

3,4

Q:

Patients born as IUGR would be at higher risk of many late complications such as:

  1. Short statured 
  2. Obesity
  3. Nephrocalcinosis
  4. Diabetes mellitus type 1 
A:

1. short stature

2. Obesity

Q:

A 3 year old girl is admitted to GP because of low grade fever, irritability and right ear pain. Upon physical examination signs of otitis media are present in otoscopy. Choose the correct treatment:

  1. Amoxicillin 90 mg/kg/day
  2. Ibuprofen 30 mg/kg/day control after 2 days
  3. Nothing
  4. Amoxicillin + clavulanic acid 90 mg/kg/ day
A:

b) ibu 30mg/kg/day control after 2 days

Q:

Growth chart presented below could be observed in a child with

  1. Familial short stature
  2. Presence of CNS tumor for example, craniopharyngioma
  3. Constitutional growth delay
  4. Growth hormone deficiency secondary to radiotherapy of the brain tumor
A:

1,3

Ped

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