GEO-cardiovascular system at Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg

Flashcards and summaries for GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg

Exemplary flashcards for GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg on StudySmarter:

1) A 68-year-old man develops sudden, severe substernal chest pain. Laboratory studies and ECG confirm an acute myocardial infarction (heart attack). The patient cannot maintain his blood pressure and expires 4 hours later. Which of the following was the most likely cause of the patient's death?

Exemplary flashcards for GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg on StudySmarter:

5) Two weeks after suffering a massive heart attack, a 54-year-old man presents to the emergency room complaining of sharp pain on the left side of his chest. On physical examination, the patient is apprehensive and sweating. His blood pressure is 80/40mm Hg, and the pulse rate is 100 per minute. The patient expires shortly after admission. At autopsy, the left ventricle shows a rupture in the myocardial wall. What was the most likely cause of the patient's death?

Exemplary flashcards for GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg on StudySmarter:

15) During a clinical rotation through the cardiac intensive care unit of the hospital, you are asked to discuss the control of heart rate by the autonomic nervous system. Which of the following best describes the primary function of sympathetic stimulation on the heart?

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Exemplary flashcards for GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg on StudySmarter:

9) A 56-year-old man complains of recurring heart palpitations and is subsequently diagnosed with a cardiac arrhythmia. Which of the following cardiac structures functions as the "pacemaker" of the heart?

Exemplary flashcards for GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg on StudySmarter:

10) A 13-year-old girl is discovered to have a left-sided heart murmur during her annual physical examination. One year ago, the girl presented with bacterial pharyngitis (strep throat). Her symptoms included fever, malaise, joint swelling, and a diffuse skin rash. She was treated with an antibiotic and recovered. Based on the patient's past medical history, the recent heart murmur is most likely associated with which of the following underlying conditions?

Exemplary flashcards for GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg on StudySmarter:

11) For the 13-year-old-patient described with the left-sided heart murmur and strep throat is which of the following heart structures most likely injured by episodes of rheumatic fever?

Exemplary flashcards for GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg on StudySmarter:

12) You are asked to lead a problem-based learning session on valvular heart disease. Which of the following tissues forms the central core of heart valves?

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21) A 39-year-old immigrant presents to the emergency room with a rapid pulse and cold clammy skin. A CT scan of the thorax reveals dilation of the ascending aorta. The fluorescent treponemal antibody (FTA) test is positive. The patient is subsequently diagnosed with a syphilitic aneurysm. Which of the following mechanisms of disease is the most likely cause of aortic aneurysm in this patient?

Exemplary flashcards for GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg on StudySmarter:

24) Microscopic examination of the autopsy specimen (crushing substernal chest pain, which leaded to cardiac arrest) at high magnification would most likely reveal which of the following pathologic changes?

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25) Lipid accumulation in the atheroma was primarily related to chronic injury and dysfunction of which of the following vascular components?

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6) Autopsy of the patient with myocardial infarct reveals 400ml of blood in the pericardial cavity. This blood is in direct contact with with of the following anatomic structures?

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Exemplary flashcards for GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg on StudySmarter:

7) A 52-year-old man with a history of active pulmonary tuberculosis presents with difficulty breathing, chest pain, and abdominal discomfort. Physical examination reveals hepatomegaly, ascites, and pitting edema of the legs (signs of right-sided heart failure). Cardiac ausculation demonstrates a pericardial friction rub. The patient is subsequently diagnosed with constrictive pericarditis caused by spread of his mycobacterial infection to the pericardial cavity. Which of the following structures of the heart was most directly and severely affected by this patient's infectious disease?

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Exemplary flashcards for GEO-cardiovascular system at the Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Salzburg on StudySmarter:

GEO-cardiovascular system

1) A 68-year-old man develops sudden, severe substernal chest pain. Laboratory studies and ECG confirm an acute myocardial infarction (heart attack). The patient cannot maintain his blood pressure and expires 4 hours later. Which of the following was the most likely cause of the patient's death?

Cardiogenic shock

GEO-cardiovascular system

5) Two weeks after suffering a massive heart attack, a 54-year-old man presents to the emergency room complaining of sharp pain on the left side of his chest. On physical examination, the patient is apprehensive and sweating. His blood pressure is 80/40mm Hg, and the pulse rate is 100 per minute. The patient expires shortly after admission. At autopsy, the left ventricle shows a rupture in the myocardial wall. What was the most likely cause of the patient's death?

Cardiac tamponade

GEO-cardiovascular system

15) During a clinical rotation through the cardiac intensive care unit of the hospital, you are asked to discuss the control of heart rate by the autonomic nervous system. Which of the following best describes the primary function of sympathetic stimulation on the heart?

Constriction of coronary arteries

GEO-cardiovascular system

9) A 56-year-old man complains of recurring heart palpitations and is subsequently diagnosed with a cardiac arrhythmia. Which of the following cardiac structures functions as the "pacemaker" of the heart?

Atrioventricular bundle of His

GEO-cardiovascular system

10) A 13-year-old girl is discovered to have a left-sided heart murmur during her annual physical examination. One year ago, the girl presented with bacterial pharyngitis (strep throat). Her symptoms included fever, malaise, joint swelling, and a diffuse skin rash. She was treated with an antibiotic and recovered. Based on the patient's past medical history, the recent heart murmur is most likely associated with which of the following underlying conditions?

Dilated cardiomyopathy

GEO-cardiovascular system

11) For the 13-year-old-patient described with the left-sided heart murmur and strep throat is which of the following heart structures most likely injured by episodes of rheumatic fever?

Coronary arteries

GEO-cardiovascular system

12) You are asked to lead a problem-based learning session on valvular heart disease. Which of the following tissues forms the central core of heart valves?

Avascular dense connective tissue

GEO-cardiovascular system

21) A 39-year-old immigrant presents to the emergency room with a rapid pulse and cold clammy skin. A CT scan of the thorax reveals dilation of the ascending aorta. The fluorescent treponemal antibody (FTA) test is positive. The patient is subsequently diagnosed with a syphilitic aneurysm. Which of the following mechanisms of disease is the most likely cause of aortic aneurysm in this patient?

Artherosclerosis

GEO-cardiovascular system

24) Microscopic examination of the autopsy specimen (crushing substernal chest pain, which leaded to cardiac arrest) at high magnification would most likely reveal which of the following pathologic changes?

Acute inflammation in the tunica adventitia

GEO-cardiovascular system

25) Lipid accumulation in the atheroma was primarily related to chronic injury and dysfunction of which of the following vascular components?

adventitial connective tissue

GEO-cardiovascular system

6) Autopsy of the patient with myocardial infarct reveals 400ml of blood in the pericardial cavity. This blood is in direct contact with with of the following anatomic structures?

Endocardium

GEO-cardiovascular system

7) A 52-year-old man with a history of active pulmonary tuberculosis presents with difficulty breathing, chest pain, and abdominal discomfort. Physical examination reveals hepatomegaly, ascites, and pitting edema of the legs (signs of right-sided heart failure). Cardiac ausculation demonstrates a pericardial friction rub. The patient is subsequently diagnosed with constrictive pericarditis caused by spread of his mycobacterial infection to the pericardial cavity. Which of the following structures of the heart was most directly and severely affected by this patient's infectious disease?

Conducting system of the heart

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