Linguistics at LMU München

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Linguistics at the LMU München

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How does Henry Sweet define Old, Middle and Modern English?

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When did the Indo-European language develop?

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When did the Germanic language develop?
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What is Grimm's Law about?

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What is the first Consonant Shift 500 BC about?

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What were external factors for OE (450 / 700 - 1100)?

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What were internal factors for OE (450 / 700 - 1100) concerning morhpology and syntax?
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What were internal factors for OE (450 / 700 - 1100) concerning the lexicon?

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What were internal factors for OE (450 / 700 - 1100) concerning literature?

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What were external factors for ME (1100 - 1500)?

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the LMU München on StudySmarter:

What were internal factors for ME (1100 - 1500) concerning morphology and syntax?
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What were internal factors for ME (1100 - 1500) concerning the lexical inventory?

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the LMU München on StudySmarter:

Linguistics

How does Henry Sweet define Old, Middle and Modern English?
OE: Period of full inflections
ME: Period of levelled inflections
ModE: Period of lost inflections

Linguistics

When did the Indo-European language develop?
up to 3000 BC

Linguistics

When did the Germanic language develop?
Between 3000 BC and 100 AD

Linguistics

What is Grimm's Law about?
The first Consonant Shift 500 BC

Linguistics

What is the first Consonant Shift 500 BC about?
Gmc voiceless fricatives ⇾ IE voiceless plosives:
f ⇾ p
𝜌 / 𝜃 ⇾ t
𝜒 / h ⇾ k

Gmc voiceless plosives ⇾ IE voiced plosives:
p ⇾ b
t ⇾ d
k ⇾ g

Linguistics

What were external factors for OE (450 / 700 - 1100)?
449: invasion of British Isles by Gmc tribes: Angles, Saxons, Jutes

700: first written documents in the vernacular

8th ct onwards: Viking raids and settlements

871-899: King Alfred of Wessex

1066: Norman Conquest by William the Conquerer

Linguistics

What were internal factors for OE (450 / 700 - 1100) concerning morhpology and syntax?
Inflecting nouns, adjectives, gender, number, case, declension class

Linguistics

What were internal factors for OE (450 / 700 - 1100) concerning the lexicon?
Germanic vocabulary

Latin loan words = cultural borrowing

Scandinavian loan words = intimate borrowing

Linguistics

What were internal factors for OE (450 / 700 - 1100) concerning literature?
Bede's Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum 731

Elfric's Homilies, Beowulf

Linguistics

What were external factors for ME (1100 - 1500)?
1066: Norman Conquest: new Anglo-Norman nobility

mid-11th - mid-14th ct.: triglossia

High Varieties: French (administration, law, literature) Latin (learning, religious writing)

Low Variety: English

1337-1453: The Hundred Year's War

1400: Death of Geoffrey Chaucer

1476: Introduction of the printing press by William Caxton

1492: Columbus discovers the New World

Linguistics

What were internal factors for ME (1100 - 1500) concerning morphology and syntax?
Decay of inflectional endings independent of Norman conquest 1150

Result = loss of grammatical category 'case', less flexibility in word order, loss of grammatical gender distinction, natural gender, article the

Linguistics

What were internal factors for ME (1100 - 1500) concerning the lexical inventory?
Influx of French words related to government, administration, law, church, army, fashion, social life ...

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