IO at Leiden University

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course IO at the Leiden University

Exemplary flashcards for IO at the Leiden University on StudySmarter:

How was the UN founded?

6 events

Exemplary flashcards for IO at the Leiden University on StudySmarter:

When was the first UN Conference?

Exemplary flashcards for IO at the Leiden University on StudySmarter:

What are critical perspectives on the
foundation of the UN?
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Main caracteristics The Charter

2 Points

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What are the 6 main organs of the UN?

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Which is the plenary organ of the UN?

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What are subsidary organs of the UN?
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Who meets in the annually GA?

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What is the Uniting for Peace resolution?

Origin
Rule

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How does the decision-making in UN GA work?

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Are UN GA decisions legally binding?
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Why did the League of Nations fail?

5 Points

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Exemplary flashcards for IO at the Leiden University on StudySmarter:

IO

How was the UN founded?

6 events
- January 1942 (Washington): Allied Powers (26 countries) sign the Declaration by the UN.
- October 1943 (Moscow Declaration): US, USSR, UK and China declare the intention to establish a ‘general international organization’ when the war is over.
- November 1943 (Tehran): Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt: a ‘world family of democratic nations’.
- Dumberton Oaks Conference (August-October 1944): Negotiations among great powers (UK, US, USSR, China)--> Proposal of a General International Organization (9 October 1944)
- Yalta (February 1945): US, UK and USSR agree on voting procedure in the UNSC (veto rights).
- April 1945 (San Francisco Opera House): United Nations
Conference on International Organization


IO

When was the first UN Conference?
1945

IO

What are critical perspectives on the
foundation of the UN?
an Alliance of the Great Powers embedded in a universal
organization --> Keep allied powers together at all means (veto powers,
permanent seats on SC)

Underestimation of UK empire

IO

Main caracteristics The Charter

2 Points
1) Foundation of an IO: every other inter-state treaty is subordinate
2) Agreement on certain rules in international relations:
- Use of force
- Sovereign equality

IO

What are the 6 main organs of the UN?
1) General Assembly
2) Security Council
3) Secretariat
4) Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
5) International Court of Justice
6) Trusteeship Council (until 1994: de-colonization)

IO

Which is the plenary organ of the UN?
GA

IO

What are subsidary organs of the UN?
- Main committees
- Commissions (e.g. Peacebuilding commission)
- Councils (e.g. Human Rights Council)
- Joint Inspection Unit
- United Nations Dispute Tribunal

IO

Who meets in the annually GA?
All states' leaders

IO

What is the Uniting for Peace resolution?

Origin
Rule
Origins: dispute between the Soviet Union (veto) and other SC members about China in 1950.

UN GA adopted resolution 377(1950): If UN SC fails to reach unanimity,
- the UN GA shall consider the matter immediately --> emergency special session within 24 h
- the UN GA may establish a peace operation

IO

How does the decision-making in UN GA work?
Important issues: 2/3 majority
(peace and security, election of members of the UNSC, ECOSOC and the Trusteeship Council, acceptance of new members, suspension of membership, and budgetary issues)

Other issues: simple majority

IO

Are UN GA decisions legally binding?
No, they are just recommendations

IO

Why did the League of Nations fail?

5 Points
1. Failure to solve conflicts (no collective defense)
2. Predominance of national interests (Loss of credibility, states left IO)
3. Economic nationalism
4. Easy membership withdrawl
5. Balance-of-power-theory (peace through disarmament)

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ID at

LMU München

IR at

Leiden University

IG at

Université Bordeaux I

IBC at

Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien

Bio at

Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen

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