International Business Relations at Leibniz Universität Hannover | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für International Business Relations an der Leibniz Universität Hannover

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what are major global challenges?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

population growth

migration - forced displacement and urbanization

climate change

changing food consumption patterns

emerging infectious diseases

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

waht affects population growth?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  1. fertility rates
  2. life expectancy
  3. migration


=> increased pressure on natural resources (more food, land)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what is demographic dividend?

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economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure, mainly when the share of the working-age population is larger than the non-working-age share of the population“ (UNFPA) 

Unique windows of opportunity for countries as more people bring in money chan people that are dependend on it

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

give information about migration

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

types: 

  • international
  • internal
  • rural-urban
  • seasonal
  • permanent
  • temporary

voluntary or involuntary


challenges: forced discplacement, urbanisation

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what's trapped population?

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  • vulnerable population
  • lack of resources (monetary, physical, psychological) prohibits migration => less risk taking, which is needed for migrating somewhere
  • increases vulnerability and could lead to a humanitarean crisis
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what are challenges of the urbanisation?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • speed and scale
  • inadeqaute access to basic services (slums)
  • converging effect of urbanisation and climate change (cities cover 2% but produce 70% greenhouse gases)
  • SDG 11 - sustainable cities and communities
  • urbanisation rates are stronger in developing countries 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what are evidence, causes and challenges of climate change?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

evidence: 

  • global temperature increase
  • shrinking ice sheets
  • rising sea levels
  • extreme weather effects
  • glacial retreat

causes: greenhouse effect intensified by human activities => more methane, co2

challenges:

  • increase in frequence
  • Impact on biodiversity 
  • Loss in agricultural productivity 
  • Change in crop patterns 
  • Forced displacement 
  • Food insecurity
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what are EIDs?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Emerging infectious diseases 

have recently appeared or incidience or geographic range in rapidly increasing/expected to do so in the future due to

  • globalization
  • climate change
  • urbanization
  • environmental degradation
  • need to include this into SDGs 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are impacts of an EIDs? give an example

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Covid-19

  • increase in inequality:
    • btw. countries
    • btw. individuals
    • btw. genders
  • education
  • increase in violence
  • child marriages
  • contraction of aid
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

why do we need development theories?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • tries to explain development processes of economies
  • includes explanatory approaches for causes of underdevelopment
  • identifies paths of how to influence these development processes
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what are policy instruments and what are policy strategies?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

policy/policy instruments:

  • measures to reach certain goals 
    • sector policies (tax, social, economic policies)
    • public investmetn projects (infrastructure, irrigation projects)

policy strategies:

  • bundles of policy measures 
  • result of long-term political decision making processes 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what are the SDGs?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Sustainable development goals 

  • adapted in 2015
  • build up on MDGs 
  • call for action from all countreis to promote prosperity, while protecting the country
  • not legally  binding although governments expected to take ownership and establish national frameworks fro achieving the goals
  • 17 universal goals
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  • 171989 Karteikarten
  • 2811 Studierende
  • 155 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen International Business Relations Kurs an der Leibniz Universität Hannover - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

what are major global challenges?

A:

population growth

migration - forced displacement and urbanization

climate change

changing food consumption patterns

emerging infectious diseases

Q:

waht affects population growth?

A:
  1. fertility rates
  2. life expectancy
  3. migration


=> increased pressure on natural resources (more food, land)

Q:

what is demographic dividend?

A:

economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure, mainly when the share of the working-age population is larger than the non-working-age share of the population“ (UNFPA) 

Unique windows of opportunity for countries as more people bring in money chan people that are dependend on it

Q:

give information about migration

A:

types: 

  • international
  • internal
  • rural-urban
  • seasonal
  • permanent
  • temporary

voluntary or involuntary


challenges: forced discplacement, urbanisation

Q:

what's trapped population?

A:
  • vulnerable population
  • lack of resources (monetary, physical, psychological) prohibits migration => less risk taking, which is needed for migrating somewhere
  • increases vulnerability and could lead to a humanitarean crisis
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

what are challenges of the urbanisation?

A:
  • speed and scale
  • inadeqaute access to basic services (slums)
  • converging effect of urbanisation and climate change (cities cover 2% but produce 70% greenhouse gases)
  • SDG 11 - sustainable cities and communities
  • urbanisation rates are stronger in developing countries 
Q:

what are evidence, causes and challenges of climate change?

A:

evidence: 

  • global temperature increase
  • shrinking ice sheets
  • rising sea levels
  • extreme weather effects
  • glacial retreat

causes: greenhouse effect intensified by human activities => more methane, co2

challenges:

  • increase in frequence
  • Impact on biodiversity 
  • Loss in agricultural productivity 
  • Change in crop patterns 
  • Forced displacement 
  • Food insecurity
Q:

what are EIDs?

A:

Emerging infectious diseases 

have recently appeared or incidience or geographic range in rapidly increasing/expected to do so in the future due to

  • globalization
  • climate change
  • urbanization
  • environmental degradation
  • need to include this into SDGs 
Q:

What are impacts of an EIDs? give an example

A:

Covid-19

  • increase in inequality:
    • btw. countries
    • btw. individuals
    • btw. genders
  • education
  • increase in violence
  • child marriages
  • contraction of aid
Q:

why do we need development theories?

A:
  • tries to explain development processes of economies
  • includes explanatory approaches for causes of underdevelopment
  • identifies paths of how to influence these development processes
Q:

what are policy instruments and what are policy strategies?

A:

policy/policy instruments:

  • measures to reach certain goals 
    • sector policies (tax, social, economic policies)
    • public investmetn projects (infrastructure, irrigation projects)

policy strategies:

  • bundles of policy measures 
  • result of long-term political decision making processes 
Q:

what are the SDGs?

A:

Sustainable development goals 

  • adapted in 2015
  • build up on MDGs 
  • call for action from all countreis to promote prosperity, while protecting the country
  • not legally  binding although governments expected to take ownership and establish national frameworks fro achieving the goals
  • 17 universal goals
International Business Relations

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