Block 8 - Biosecurity, Vaccinations And Parasitology at Keele University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Block 8 - Biosecurity, Vaccinations and Parasitology an der Keele University

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What type of animals are hingut fermentors?
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Cattle and sheep
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What are the traits of a  hill sheep? Can you give breed examples? 

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Traits: Hardy, thick-coated, able-bodied, excellent mothers, adapted to living in the harsh hill conditions.

Purpose: Pure-bred breeding stock. Surplus female lambs and wether lambs are sold as stores to upland / lowland farms to be fattened. Older ewes that have lambed several times are transferred to the milder climates of lower areas and crossed with longwool breeds to produce mules and half-breds. 

Where to find them: Highlands and islands of Scotland, mountain areas of Wales. Hill areas have harsh climates, short growing seasons, relatively poor quality of soil and long winters.

Typical breeds: Welsh Mountain (several types), Swaledale, Scottish Blackface, Cheviots, Rough Fell, Dalesbred, Derbyshire Gritstone, Herdwick.

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What are the traits of Upland sheep? Can you give breed examples?

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Traits: More prolific than hill breeds, and do better on the lower, easier terrain. Mules inherit mothering abilities of hill relatives.

Purpose: Older ewes' drafter from the hills can continue to breed in the easier conditions, and are mated with longwool upland breeds to produce Mule lambs - ewe lambs transferred to lowland farms for breeding and male lambs reared for meat production, either here in the uplands or on a lowland farm. Ewe lambs sold to the lowlands to be crossed with a lowland / terminal sire breed. Surplus female and all wether lambs sold as stores for fattening in the lowlands.

Where to find them: Areas of Northern England, such as The Pennines and Lake District, and also in the South West, on Dartmoor and Exmoor. Conditions are less harsh than in the hills, but land and soil is still not very productive.

Typical breeds: Bluefaced Leicester, Border Leicester, Teeswater, Wensleydale, Devon & Cornwall Longwool.

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What are the traits of Low land sheep? Can you give breed examples?

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Traits: Grow fast, have a heavier frame, more prolific.

Purpose: Mule ewes mated to a lowland terminal sire breed to produce cross-bred lambs. Most lambs are reared for meat production but some may be kept for replacements. The easier terrain and conditions, better grass growth and larger frame inherited from the terminal sire, mean that these lambs grow faster and produce more meat in less time. Slower growing lambs join the store lambs that have arrived from the hill and upland areas to be fattened on root crops over the autumn and winter months. 

Where to find them: Some low lying areas of Wales and England, mostly in central and eastern England where soil is far more productive and therefore mostly arable. Sheep become part of arable rotations, where fields that have grown crops for a number of years are put to grass to help improve the soil.

Typical breeds: Texel, Suffolk. Charollais, Clun Forest, Romney, Oxford / Hampshire / Dorset Down.

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What type of fermenter is a rabbit?
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Hindgut fermenter
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What is a hindgut fermenter
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The fermentation of cellulose and fibre succeeding the small intestine
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The Breeding of Dogs Act (1991) states the minimum age a bitch can be bred from is...?
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12 months
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The Breeding of Dogs Act (1991) : what is the maximum number of litters can a single bitch have in a lifetime?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
6
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The Dangerous Dogs Act (1991) prohibits the ownership of which breeds in the uk?

If you can guess the right number of breeds - get half a point
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Pitbull Terrier
  • Dogo Argentino
  • Fila Braziliero
  • Japanese Tosa
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Which type of external parasite commonly affects rabbits in the summertime?
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Flies
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Which external parasite can cause mange and extreme itching?
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Mites
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Which rabbit disease has 2 strains which require vaccination?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Rabbit haemorrhagic disease (1 and 2) 
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  • 2411 Karteikarten
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Q:
What type of animals are hingut fermentors?
A:
Cattle and sheep
Q:

What are the traits of a  hill sheep? Can you give breed examples? 

A:


Traits: Hardy, thick-coated, able-bodied, excellent mothers, adapted to living in the harsh hill conditions.

Purpose: Pure-bred breeding stock. Surplus female lambs and wether lambs are sold as stores to upland / lowland farms to be fattened. Older ewes that have lambed several times are transferred to the milder climates of lower areas and crossed with longwool breeds to produce mules and half-breds. 

Where to find them: Highlands and islands of Scotland, mountain areas of Wales. Hill areas have harsh climates, short growing seasons, relatively poor quality of soil and long winters.

Typical breeds: Welsh Mountain (several types), Swaledale, Scottish Blackface, Cheviots, Rough Fell, Dalesbred, Derbyshire Gritstone, Herdwick.

Q:

What are the traits of Upland sheep? Can you give breed examples?

A:

Traits: More prolific than hill breeds, and do better on the lower, easier terrain. Mules inherit mothering abilities of hill relatives.

Purpose: Older ewes' drafter from the hills can continue to breed in the easier conditions, and are mated with longwool upland breeds to produce Mule lambs - ewe lambs transferred to lowland farms for breeding and male lambs reared for meat production, either here in the uplands or on a lowland farm. Ewe lambs sold to the lowlands to be crossed with a lowland / terminal sire breed. Surplus female and all wether lambs sold as stores for fattening in the lowlands.

Where to find them: Areas of Northern England, such as The Pennines and Lake District, and also in the South West, on Dartmoor and Exmoor. Conditions are less harsh than in the hills, but land and soil is still not very productive.

Typical breeds: Bluefaced Leicester, Border Leicester, Teeswater, Wensleydale, Devon & Cornwall Longwool.

Q:

What are the traits of Low land sheep? Can you give breed examples?

A:

Traits: Grow fast, have a heavier frame, more prolific.

Purpose: Mule ewes mated to a lowland terminal sire breed to produce cross-bred lambs. Most lambs are reared for meat production but some may be kept for replacements. The easier terrain and conditions, better grass growth and larger frame inherited from the terminal sire, mean that these lambs grow faster and produce more meat in less time. Slower growing lambs join the store lambs that have arrived from the hill and upland areas to be fattened on root crops over the autumn and winter months. 

Where to find them: Some low lying areas of Wales and England, mostly in central and eastern England where soil is far more productive and therefore mostly arable. Sheep become part of arable rotations, where fields that have grown crops for a number of years are put to grass to help improve the soil.

Typical breeds: Texel, Suffolk. Charollais, Clun Forest, Romney, Oxford / Hampshire / Dorset Down.

Q:
What type of fermenter is a rabbit?
A:
Hindgut fermenter
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What is a hindgut fermenter
A:
The fermentation of cellulose and fibre succeeding the small intestine
Q:
The Breeding of Dogs Act (1991) states the minimum age a bitch can be bred from is...?
A:
12 months
Q:
The Breeding of Dogs Act (1991) : what is the maximum number of litters can a single bitch have in a lifetime?
A:
6
Q:
The Dangerous Dogs Act (1991) prohibits the ownership of which breeds in the uk?

If you can guess the right number of breeds - get half a point
A:
  • Pitbull Terrier
  • Dogo Argentino
  • Fila Braziliero
  • Japanese Tosa
Q:
Which type of external parasite commonly affects rabbits in the summertime?
A:
Flies
Q:
Which external parasite can cause mange and extreme itching?
A:
Mites
Q:
Which rabbit disease has 2 strains which require vaccination?
A:
Rabbit haemorrhagic disease (1 and 2) 
Block 8 - Biosecurity, Vaccinations and Parasitology

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