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Lernmaterialien für Personality an der John Cabot University

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Personality Kurs an der John Cabot University zu.

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What are the big five?

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  • OCEAN
    • Openness to experience 
    • Conscientiousness 
    • Extraversion 
    • Agreeableness 
    • Neuroticism


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How do we measure personality traits?

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Self-report, peer-report, sometimes third-party observation

  • Most commonly done in self report like a personality test 
  • Also someone else report for you (asking your parents, best friend or partners)
  • Third party observation someone that observes your behavior in different settings 


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Personality Traits Characteristics

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  • Consistent over situations
    • Only sweet and nice in work and angry at house 
  • Stable over time
    • Allows us to make stable predictions on who they really are 
  • Individual differences
    • I.s what makes humans different from others 


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What are the three factors necessary according to Eysenck?

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Extraversion 

How much stimulation our brain needs to feel happy 

Extroverts need a lot of stimulation to feel fulfilled and happy 

Neuroticism 

When is something identified as a threat when something makes someone stressed or anxious 

Psychoticism

How egocentric, aggressive and tolerant of others you are. How willing you are t for other feelings or wellbeing


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Extraversion


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  • Tendency to be talkative, sociable, and to enjoy others, tendency to have a dominant style. 
    • Enthusiasm and Assertiveness
    • Extraverted introverts and introverted extraverts
    • Linked to happiness 
    • More social contacts
    • Tend to love new situations and high excitement things that includes: Thrill-seeking behaviors include drug use, crime; lower academic success
    • Life values  
      • (+) Achievement, stimulation, hedonism (Having a good time) 
      • (-) tradition (predictable life)
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Reliability

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  • whether the measurement gives an accurate outcome
  •  so if I take the test three times in a row, my score should stay the same and people with a comparable personality as mine, should get scores that are roughly the same as mine
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Agreeableness


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  • Tendency to agree to go along with others rather than to asserts one's own opinions or choices.
    • Compassion and Politeness
    • Good at making friends: good listeners able to understand people and are more sensitive to them 
    • emotional responsiveness 
    • Pro- and anti-social behavior
      • (+) Altruism and helping; but so conformity (Milgram experiment) 
      • Low agreeableness: (+) hostility and aggression
    • Life Values   
      • Positive (+) Benevolence, tradition, conformity; 
      • (-) power, achievement negative
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Validity

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  • Do I measure what I want to measure 
  • Whether the measurement actually targets the concept that it aims to target
    • If I measure extraversion and I measure the number of parties someone goes there should be a correlation there 
    • so high correlation with related concepts, and no correlation with unrelated concepts


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What is the Eysenck Theory?

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  • Eysenck found the five factor model too big and argued only three factors are necessary:

  • There has to be biological bases for this 

  • WHY? Why are people more anxious? Why are people more extroverted than others?

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Neuroticism


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  • The tendency to frequently experience negative emotions.
    • Life just gets harder 

    • Mood disorders 

    • More responsive to stress

    • Stress out for longer harder to regulate stress

    • Mental health disorders 

    • More negative life events 


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Openness to Experience 

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  • The tendency to appreciate new ideas, experiences, values, feelings and behavior 
    • Intellect and Openness
    • Academic success due to curiosity 
    • Higher emotional intelligence and wellbeing 
    • Life values
      • Positively related (+) Universalism, self-direction, stimulation; 
      • Negatively related (-) conformity, security, tradition
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What is Personality Traits?

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A stable disposition within the individual


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  • 9 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Personality Kurs an der John Cabot University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What are the big five?

A:
  • OCEAN
    • Openness to experience 
    • Conscientiousness 
    • Extraversion 
    • Agreeableness 
    • Neuroticism


Q:

How do we measure personality traits?

A:

Self-report, peer-report, sometimes third-party observation

  • Most commonly done in self report like a personality test 
  • Also someone else report for you (asking your parents, best friend or partners)
  • Third party observation someone that observes your behavior in different settings 


Q:

Personality Traits Characteristics

A:



  • Consistent over situations
    • Only sweet and nice in work and angry at house 
  • Stable over time
    • Allows us to make stable predictions on who they really are 
  • Individual differences
    • I.s what makes humans different from others 


Q:

What are the three factors necessary according to Eysenck?

A:

Extraversion 

How much stimulation our brain needs to feel happy 

Extroverts need a lot of stimulation to feel fulfilled and happy 

Neuroticism 

When is something identified as a threat when something makes someone stressed or anxious 

Psychoticism

How egocentric, aggressive and tolerant of others you are. How willing you are t for other feelings or wellbeing


Q:

Extraversion


A:
  • Tendency to be talkative, sociable, and to enjoy others, tendency to have a dominant style. 
    • Enthusiasm and Assertiveness
    • Extraverted introverts and introverted extraverts
    • Linked to happiness 
    • More social contacts
    • Tend to love new situations and high excitement things that includes: Thrill-seeking behaviors include drug use, crime; lower academic success
    • Life values  
      • (+) Achievement, stimulation, hedonism (Having a good time) 
      • (-) tradition (predictable life)
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Reliability

A:

 

  • whether the measurement gives an accurate outcome
  •  so if I take the test three times in a row, my score should stay the same and people with a comparable personality as mine, should get scores that are roughly the same as mine
Q:

Agreeableness


A:
  • Tendency to agree to go along with others rather than to asserts one's own opinions or choices.
    • Compassion and Politeness
    • Good at making friends: good listeners able to understand people and are more sensitive to them 
    • emotional responsiveness 
    • Pro- and anti-social behavior
      • (+) Altruism and helping; but so conformity (Milgram experiment) 
      • Low agreeableness: (+) hostility and aggression
    • Life Values   
      • Positive (+) Benevolence, tradition, conformity; 
      • (-) power, achievement negative
Q:

Validity

A:
  • Do I measure what I want to measure 
  • Whether the measurement actually targets the concept that it aims to target
    • If I measure extraversion and I measure the number of parties someone goes there should be a correlation there 
    • so high correlation with related concepts, and no correlation with unrelated concepts


Q:

What is the Eysenck Theory?

A:
  • Eysenck found the five factor model too big and argued only three factors are necessary:

  • There has to be biological bases for this 

  • WHY? Why are people more anxious? Why are people more extroverted than others?

Q:

Neuroticism


A:
  • The tendency to frequently experience negative emotions.
    • Life just gets harder 

    • Mood disorders 

    • More responsive to stress

    • Stress out for longer harder to regulate stress

    • Mental health disorders 

    • More negative life events 


Q:

Openness to Experience 

A:
  • The tendency to appreciate new ideas, experiences, values, feelings and behavior 
    • Intellect and Openness
    • Academic success due to curiosity 
    • Higher emotional intelligence and wellbeing 
    • Life values
      • Positively related (+) Universalism, self-direction, stimulation; 
      • Negatively related (-) conformity, security, tradition
Q:

What is Personality Traits?

A:

A stable disposition within the individual


Personality

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