Operations Management at Hochschule Für Wirtschaft Und Recht Berlin | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Operations Management an der Hochschule für Wirtschaft und Recht Berlin

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Material requirements planning (MRP)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- MRP: Materials requirements planning = logical, easy to understand means for determining the number of parts, components, and materials needed to produce the product(s)
- MPS: Master Production Scheduling: provides time scheduling information specifying when each of the materials, parts and components should be ordered or produced

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Poka-Yoke

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-> Make things + processes “Idiot-proof”

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Deming Cycle of Continuous Improvement

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Plan - Do - Check - Act

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Assembly line

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-> `Fließfertigung´
-> Make discrete parts of products
-> Good for mass production
-> Parts/products moved through set of specially designed workstations at a controlled rate
-> Controlled rate = pacing/beat rate/tact time
-> Eg. Automobile manufacturer, washing machines, microwave, ovens

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Continuous Improvement 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

1) strong customer focus (internal & External), customer satisfaction

2) have process based view - where to add value & where not

3) listen to & respect people from all levels, involve employees

4) learning by doing - share best practices, learning by mistakes - no blaming culture

5) use well understood KPIs (time, cost, quality, HR-related), to understand what you are doing & if you are improvig

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Product flow layout

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-> Production lines for cars, shoes, toys, appliances such as washing machines
-> Very specially designed workstations
-> Everything is static except products
-> For very huge quantities


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Measures of RPA

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

1. Customer satisfaction
2. Safety, environment, cleanliness & order
3. Visual management deployment
4. Scheduling system
5. Product & material flows, space use
6. Inventory & WIP levels
7. People teamwork, skill level & motivation
8. Equipment & tooling state & maintenance
9. Ability to manage complexity & variability
10. Supply chain integration
11. Quality system development


--> 7 wastes, 5 s´, TQM/TPM

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Why are standardised processes needed?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- very important for HR (Training & recruiting)

- ensure harmonized process execution (everyone knows the same)

- ensure same quality

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Triangle of conflicting goals

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

time - cost - quality

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How to decide, where those warehouses shall be located?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

--> Time, cost/money, distance, service levels,… play crucial role

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Pacing

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- Heartbeat of an process

- refers to fixed timing of item movement through process

- ex. fixed timing of assembly line in car factory

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Continuous flow

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-> `kontinuierliche Fertigung`
-> Often automated process structure
-> Converts raw materials into finished products in one continuous process (without
interruptions)
-> Very high volume
-> Eg. Medical pills, mineral water, gasoline, potato chips

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Q:

Material requirements planning (MRP)

A:

- MRP: Materials requirements planning = logical, easy to understand means for determining the number of parts, components, and materials needed to produce the product(s)
- MPS: Master Production Scheduling: provides time scheduling information specifying when each of the materials, parts and components should be ordered or produced

Q:

Poka-Yoke

A:

-> Make things + processes “Idiot-proof”

Q:

Deming Cycle of Continuous Improvement

A:

Plan - Do - Check - Act

Q:

Assembly line

A:

-> `Fließfertigung´
-> Make discrete parts of products
-> Good for mass production
-> Parts/products moved through set of specially designed workstations at a controlled rate
-> Controlled rate = pacing/beat rate/tact time
-> Eg. Automobile manufacturer, washing machines, microwave, ovens

Q:

Continuous Improvement 

A:

1) strong customer focus (internal & External), customer satisfaction

2) have process based view - where to add value & where not

3) listen to & respect people from all levels, involve employees

4) learning by doing - share best practices, learning by mistakes - no blaming culture

5) use well understood KPIs (time, cost, quality, HR-related), to understand what you are doing & if you are improvig

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Product flow layout

A:

-> Production lines for cars, shoes, toys, appliances such as washing machines
-> Very specially designed workstations
-> Everything is static except products
-> For very huge quantities


Q:

Measures of RPA

A:

1. Customer satisfaction
2. Safety, environment, cleanliness & order
3. Visual management deployment
4. Scheduling system
5. Product & material flows, space use
6. Inventory & WIP levels
7. People teamwork, skill level & motivation
8. Equipment & tooling state & maintenance
9. Ability to manage complexity & variability
10. Supply chain integration
11. Quality system development


--> 7 wastes, 5 s´, TQM/TPM

Q:

Why are standardised processes needed?

A:

- very important for HR (Training & recruiting)

- ensure harmonized process execution (everyone knows the same)

- ensure same quality

Q:

Triangle of conflicting goals

A:

time - cost - quality

Q:

How to decide, where those warehouses shall be located?

A:

--> Time, cost/money, distance, service levels,… play crucial role

Q:

Pacing

A:

- Heartbeat of an process

- refers to fixed timing of item movement through process

- ex. fixed timing of assembly line in car factory

Q:

Continuous flow

A:

-> `kontinuierliche Fertigung`
-> Often automated process structure
-> Converts raw materials into finished products in one continuous process (without
interruptions)
-> Very high volume
-> Eg. Medical pills, mineral water, gasoline, potato chips

Operations Management

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