Developmental at Griffith University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Developmental an der Griffith University

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Biological perspective on adolescence

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- start to fulfil biological destiny: reproduction 

- biological features underpin importance of social influences

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commitment

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empty love

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Describe Erikson's industry vs. inferiority crisis

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Industry: core ego property of competence

- sense of pride in accomplishments

-initiates tasks and see's them through to completion

-feels confident in ability to achieve goals

Inferiority: core ego property of inertia (paralysis of action)

- feel inferior, develops pervasive attitude of worthlessness

- doubts abilities & has little confidence can do things well

- might not reach full potential

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passion + intimacy =

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romantic love

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Multi-systematic therapy

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- based on Bronfenbrenner's theory fo social ecology

- focus on addressing all systems: individual (cognitive biases)

family relationships

peers (promoting pro-social, reducing anti-social associations)

school (academic performance)

community (availability of prosocial activities)


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Influences of self-esteem

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- Cultural influences: gender stereotyping & cultural emphasis on appearance

- Parenting influences: 

authoritative parenting: related to higher self-esteem

indulgent parenting: artificially inflated self-esteem

- Achievement-related attributions:

Mastery-orientated: credit success to ability and failures to external sources

Learned helplessness: success due to luck/external influences; ability is static

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identity diffusion

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low commitment + low exploration

lack clear direction, may never have explored alternatives or found it too threatening and overwhelming

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The perils & promise of praise (Dweck 2006)

- person praise = 

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praising students intelligence gives them a short burst of pride, followed by long string of negative consequences

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Gender differences in middle childhood friendships

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9-10yrs: 1 best friend esp. girls - strong sex segregation

11-12 yrs: girls interested in boys

13-15 yrs: boys interested in girls

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Peer groups

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collectives of children that generate standards of behaviour, form a social structure & group identity

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Erikson's middle childhood crisis and how is this resolved?

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Industry Vs. Inferiority

Resolved positively when children develop a sense of competence at useful skills and tasks

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Functions of adolescent friendships

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mutual support

experimentation w roles & identity

forum for questioning adult values

meeting opposite sex

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  • 965 Karteikarten
  • 103 Studierende
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Developmental Kurs an der Griffith University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Biological perspective on adolescence

A:

- start to fulfil biological destiny: reproduction 

- biological features underpin importance of social influences

Q:

commitment

A:

empty love

Q:

Describe Erikson's industry vs. inferiority crisis

A:

Industry: core ego property of competence

- sense of pride in accomplishments

-initiates tasks and see's them through to completion

-feels confident in ability to achieve goals

Inferiority: core ego property of inertia (paralysis of action)

- feel inferior, develops pervasive attitude of worthlessness

- doubts abilities & has little confidence can do things well

- might not reach full potential

Q:

passion + intimacy =

A:

romantic love

Q:

Multi-systematic therapy

A:

- based on Bronfenbrenner's theory fo social ecology

- focus on addressing all systems: individual (cognitive biases)

family relationships

peers (promoting pro-social, reducing anti-social associations)

school (academic performance)

community (availability of prosocial activities)


Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Influences of self-esteem

A:

- Cultural influences: gender stereotyping & cultural emphasis on appearance

- Parenting influences: 

authoritative parenting: related to higher self-esteem

indulgent parenting: artificially inflated self-esteem

- Achievement-related attributions:

Mastery-orientated: credit success to ability and failures to external sources

Learned helplessness: success due to luck/external influences; ability is static

Q:

identity diffusion

A:

low commitment + low exploration

lack clear direction, may never have explored alternatives or found it too threatening and overwhelming

Q:

The perils & promise of praise (Dweck 2006)

- person praise = 

A:

praising students intelligence gives them a short burst of pride, followed by long string of negative consequences

Q:

Gender differences in middle childhood friendships

A:

9-10yrs: 1 best friend esp. girls - strong sex segregation

11-12 yrs: girls interested in boys

13-15 yrs: boys interested in girls

Q:

Peer groups

A:

collectives of children that generate standards of behaviour, form a social structure & group identity

Q:

Erikson's middle childhood crisis and how is this resolved?

A:

Industry Vs. Inferiority

Resolved positively when children develop a sense of competence at useful skills and tasks

Q:

Functions of adolescent friendships

A:

mutual support

experimentation w roles & identity

forum for questioning adult values

meeting opposite sex

Developmental

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